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Renata Valle Pedroso, José Maria Cancela, Carlos Ayán, Angelica Miki Stein, Gilson Fuzaro, José Luiz Riani Costa, Francisco J. Fraga and Ruth Ferreira Santos-Galduróz

, P300 has been shown to be one of the most commonly neurophysiological measures explored. 2 P300 is a positive curve of large amplitude generated from 250 to 500 ms after the presence of a rare target stimulus, presented through an oddball paradigm in which the subjects are instructed to identify the

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Sheri J. Hartman, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I. Dunsiger and Bess H. Marcus

National Institutes of Health. The clinical trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov under the following identification number: NCT01834287 . References 1. Katzmarzyk PT . Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and health: paradigm paralysis or paradigm shift? Diabetes . 2010 ; 59 ( 11 ): 2717

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Jeffrey D. Labban and Jennifer L. Etnier

the particular nature of the cognitive test that is used. Within the acute exercise paradigm, cognitive performance has most commonly been assessed with measures of reaction time and information processing (e.g.,  Chang & Etnier, 2009 ; McMorris & Graydon, 2000 ; Pesce, Cereatti, Casella, Baldari

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Janelle M. Wagnild and Tessa M. Pollard

D , Hamer M , Bauman AE , Lee IM . Is the time right for quantitative public health guidelines on sitting? A narrative review of sedentary behaviour research paradigms and findings . Br J Sports Med . 2018 ; 53 : 377 – 382 . PubMed ID: 29891615 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2018-099131 10

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Zachary Zenko and Panteleimon Ekkekakis

/retraining paradigm. Cheval et al. ( 2015 ) [unclear] AAT (manikin version), block structure with two critical blocks (64 trials per critical block), internal consistency reported (Cronbach’s α = .80 for physical activity target concept, Cronbach’s α = .82 for sedentary behavior target concept); construct: AA-PA, AA

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Chanel T. LoJacono, Ryan P. MacPherson, Nikita A. Kuznetsov, Louisa D. Raisbeck, Scott E. Ross and Christopher K. Rhea

-Carey, Buckley, & Lew, 2004 ). Trip-training has also been used with some success as a way to enhance obstacle crossing behavior ( Grabiner, Bareither, Gatts, Marone, & Troy, 2012 ; Lurie, Zagaria, Pidgeon, Forman, & Spratt, 2013 ). In this paradigm, a treadmill is typically used to provide a perturbation that

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Nina Verma, Robert C. Eklund, Calum A. Arthur, Timothy C. Howle and Ann-Marie Gibson

–avoidance paradigm ( Elliot, 2008 ) and agency–communion principles ( Bakan, 1966 ). Conceptualization of self-presentation motives based on approach notions have been termed acquisitive motives (a desire to present oneself in a way to gain social approval) and avoidance notions have been termed protective

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Hongjun Yu and Andiara Schwingel

ID: 28040516 doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.12.043 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.12.043 Katzmarzyk , P.T. ( 2010 ). Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and health: Paradigm paralysis or paradigm shift? Diabetes, 59 ( 11 ), 2717 – 2725 . PubMed ID: 20980470 doi:10.2337/db10-0822 10.2337/db10

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Blai Ferrer-Uris, Albert Busquets and Rosa Angulo-Barroso

the adaptation set. One of the principal differences between Mang’s study and ours is the motor-task paradigm utilized. It is known that different task paradigms (e.g., motor sequence learning vs. motor adaptation) engage different brain areas during learning ( Doyon, Penhune, & Ungerleider, 2003

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Nicholas E. Fears and Jeffrey J. Lockman

-overlap paradigm . Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43 ( 4 ), 841 – 850 . PubMed ID: 22865152 doi:10.1007/s10803-012-1623-8 10.1007/s10803-012-1623-8 Daly , C.J. , Kelley , G.T. , & Krauss , A. ( 2003 ). Relationship between visual-motor integration and handwriting skills of children in