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Jeffrey D. Labban and Jennifer L. Etnier

the particular nature of the cognitive test that is used. Within the acute exercise paradigm, cognitive performance has most commonly been assessed with measures of reaction time and information processing (e.g.,  Chang & Etnier, 2009 ; McMorris & Graydon, 2000 ; Pesce, Cereatti, Casella, Baldari

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Renata Valle Pedroso, José Maria Cancela, Carlos Ayán, Angelica Miki Stein, Gilson Fuzaro, José Luiz Riani Costa, Francisco J. Fraga and Ruth Ferreira Santos-Galduróz

, P300 has been shown to be one of the most commonly neurophysiological measures explored. 2 P300 is a positive curve of large amplitude generated from 250 to 500 ms after the presence of a rare target stimulus, presented through an oddball paradigm in which the subjects are instructed to identify the

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Keith R. Lohse

research . American Psychologist, 42 ( 5 ), 443 – 455 . doi:10.1037/0003-066X.42.5.443 10.1037/0003-066X.42.5.443 Hooyman , A. , Garbin , A. , & Fisher , B. ( 2020 ). Paired associative stimulation rewired: A novel paradigm to modulate resting-state intracortical connectivity . Journal of Motor

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Janelle M. Wagnild and Tessa M. Pollard

D , Hamer M , Bauman AE , Lee IM . Is the time right for quantitative public health guidelines on sitting? A narrative review of sedentary behaviour research paradigms and findings . Br J Sports Med . 2018 ; 53 : 377 – 382 . PubMed ID: 29891615 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2018-099131 10

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Zachary Zenko and Panteleimon Ekkekakis

/retraining paradigm. Cheval et al. ( 2015 ) [unclear] AAT (manikin version), block structure with two critical blocks (64 trials per critical block), internal consistency reported (Cronbach’s α = .80 for physical activity target concept, Cronbach’s α = .82 for sedentary behavior target concept); construct: AA-PA, AA

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Swati M. Surkar, Rashelle M. Hoffman, Brenda Davies, Regina Harbourne and Max J. Kurz

prehensile task that involve higher order planning. Previous studies have mostly assessed the less affected arm in planning paradigms. Assessment of the affected arm will help in understanding if the motor deficits of the affected arm adversely impact the planning process. The sequence of the task consisted

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Anthony G. Delli Paoli, Alan L. Smith and Matthew B. Pontifex

sedentary and walking activities ( Pontifex, Parks, Henning, & Kamijo, 2015 ). As a manipulation check, HR was recorded at 2-min intervals throughout each activity. Feedback For the social exclusion manipulation, four participants engaged in a group meeting adapted from the get-acquainted paradigm ( Nezlek

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Blai Ferrer-Uris, Albert Busquets and Rosa Angulo-Barroso

the adaptation set. One of the principal differences between Mang’s study and ours is the motor-task paradigm utilized. It is known that different task paradigms (e.g., motor sequence learning vs. motor adaptation) engage different brain areas during learning ( Doyon, Penhune, & Ungerleider, 2003

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André Klostermann, Ralf Kredel and Ernst-Joachim Hossner

. The participants showed reduced radial error (RE) scores of about 8% (Cohen’s f  = 0.51) for long ( M  = 970 ms) compared with short ( M  = 740 ms) QE durations. Moreover, Sun, Zhang, Vine, and Wilson ( 2016 ) adapted this experimental paradigm to an interception task that required throwing balls at

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Hongjun Yu and Andiara Schwingel

ID: 28040516 doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.12.043 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.12.043 Katzmarzyk , P.T. ( 2010 ). Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and health: Paradigm paralysis or paradigm shift? Diabetes, 59 ( 11 ), 2717 – 2725 . PubMed ID: 20980470 doi:10.2337/db10-0822 10.2337/db10