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Sheri J. Hartman, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I. Dunsiger and Bess H. Marcus

National Institutes of Health. The clinical trial is registered at under the following identification number: NCT01834287 . References 1. Katzmarzyk PT . Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and health: paradigm paralysis or paradigm shift? Diabetes . 2010 ; 59 ( 11 ): 2717

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Keith R. Lohse

research . American Psychologist, 42 ( 5 ), 443 – 455 . doi:10.1037/0003-066X.42.5.443 10.1037/0003-066X.42.5.443 Hooyman , A. , Garbin , A. , & Fisher , B. ( 2020 ). Paired associative stimulation rewired: A novel paradigm to modulate resting-state intracortical connectivity . Journal of Motor

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Robert W. Motl and Rachel Bollaert

involves examining if and how we can change sedentary behavior in this population. This might involve learning from paradigms applied with the general population for “breaking up sedentary behavior” and then “replacing sedentary behavior with light physical activity” as an approach for reducing sedentary

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Janelle M. Wagnild and Tessa M. Pollard

D , Hamer M , Bauman AE , Lee IM . Is the time right for quantitative public health guidelines on sitting? A narrative review of sedentary behaviour research paradigms and findings . Br J Sports Med . 2018 ; 53 : 377 – 382 . PubMed ID: 29891615 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2018-099131 10

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Zachary Zenko and Panteleimon Ekkekakis

/retraining paradigm. Cheval et al. ( 2015 ) [unclear] AAT (manikin version), block structure with two critical blocks (64 trials per critical block), internal consistency reported (Cronbach’s α = .80 for physical activity target concept, Cronbach’s α = .82 for sedentary behavior target concept); construct: AA-PA, AA

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Anthony G. Delli Paoli, Alan L. Smith and Matthew B. Pontifex

sedentary and walking activities ( Pontifex, Parks, Henning, & Kamijo, 2015 ). As a manipulation check, HR was recorded at 2-min intervals throughout each activity. Feedback For the social exclusion manipulation, four participants engaged in a group meeting adapted from the get-acquainted paradigm ( Nezlek

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Nina Verma, Robert C. Eklund, Calum A. Arthur, Timothy C. Howle and Ann-Marie Gibson

–avoidance paradigm ( Elliot, 2008 ) and agency–communion principles ( Bakan, 1966 ). Conceptualization of self-presentation motives based on approach notions have been termed acquisitive motives (a desire to present oneself in a way to gain social approval) and avoidance notions have been termed protective

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Chanel T. LoJacono, Ryan P. MacPherson, Nikita A. Kuznetsov, Louisa D. Raisbeck, Scott E. Ross and Christopher K. Rhea

-Carey, Buckley, & Lew, 2004 ). Trip-training has also been used with some success as a way to enhance obstacle crossing behavior ( Grabiner, Bareither, Gatts, Marone, & Troy, 2012 ; Lurie, Zagaria, Pidgeon, Forman, & Spratt, 2013 ). In this paradigm, a treadmill is typically used to provide a perturbation that

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Swati M. Surkar, Rashelle M. Hoffman, Brenda Davies, Regina Harbourne and Max J. Kurz

prehensile task that involve higher order planning. Previous studies have mostly assessed the less affected arm in planning paradigms. Assessment of the affected arm will help in understanding if the motor deficits of the affected arm adversely impact the planning process. The sequence of the task consisted

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Amber M. Leiker, Anupriya Pathania, Matthew W. Miller and Keith R. Lohse

increased learning in other paradigms ( Hooyman et al., 2014 ; Post et al., 2016 ). Replicating those paradigms while collecting EEG data may provide insight into the physiological basis of those effects. sEBR was positively related to aesthetics and negatively related to pressure/tension. Resting sEBR is