The School of Kinesiology at Auburn University unites teaching, research, and outreach efforts to provide access to physical activity for local, statewide, and global communities. This paper provides a brief overview of the programs as well as strategies to mobilize efforts for physical activity outreach within an academic setting. School-wide efforts include youth initiatives, physical activity assessments offered through our TigerFit program, and the United States Olympic Team Handball training center. All programs provide service-learning opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students as well as outreach outcomes. Furthermore, the programs provide a platform for scholarship in the form of publications, partnerships for grant submissions, and student research projects. Merging teaching, outreach, and scholarship has provided longevity for the programs, thereby establishing long-term social ties to the community and providing continued access to physical activity to promote public health.
Danielle D. Wadsworth, Mary E. Rudisill, Jared A. Russell, James R. McDonald and David D. Pascoe
Karsten Koehler, Thomas Abel, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Annika Dreuscher and Volker Anneken
Inactivity and overweight are major health concerns in children and adolescents with disabilities. Methods for the assessment of activity and energy expenditure may be affected negatively by the underlying disability, especially when motor function is impaired. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the SenseWear Armband in adolescents with cerebral palsy and hemiparesis.
Ten volunteers (age: 13.4 ± 1.6 years) were equipped with SenseWear Armbands on the hemiparetic and nonhemiparetic side of the body. Energy expenditure was measured at rest and during treadmill exercise (speed range: 0.85 to 2.35 m/s). Indirect calorimetry served as independent reference method.
The mean error was between −0.6 and 0.8 kcal/min and there were no significant differences between SenseWear and indirect calorimetry at any speed. Differences between body sides in expenditure (mean: −0.2 to 0.0 kcal/min) and step count (mean: −3.4 to 9.7 steps/min) were not significant.
The validity of the SenseWear Armband does not appear to be negatively affected by cerebral palsy during laboratory treadmill exercise. Future field studies are necessary to assess the validity and practicability of energy expenditure and physical activity assessment in children and adolescents with physical disabilities.
Nicholas Gilson, Wendy J. Brown, Guy Faulkner, Jim McKenna, Marie Murphy, Andy Pringle, Karin Proper, Anna Puig-Ribera and Aphroditi Stathi
This paper aimed to use the Delphi technique to develop a consensus framework for a multinational, workplace walking intervention.
Ideas were gathered and ranked from eight recognized and emerging experts in the fields of physical activity and health, from universities in Australia, Canada, England, the Netherlands, Northern Ireland, and Spain. Members of the panel were asked to consider the key characteristics of a successful campus walking intervention. Consensus was reached by an inductive, content analytic approach, conducted through an anonymous, three-round, e-mail process.
The resulting framework consisted of three interlinking themes defined as “design, implementation, and evaluation.” Top-ranked subitems in these themes included the need to generate research capacity (design), to respond to group needs through different walking approaches (implementation), and to undertake physical activity assessment (evaluation). Themes were set within an underpinning domain, referred to as the “institution” and sites are currently engaging with subitems in this domain, to provide sustainable interventions that refect the practicalities of local contexts and needs.
Findings provide a unique framework for designing, implementing, and evaluating walking projects in universities and highlight the value of adopting the Delphi technique for planning international, multisite health initiatives.
Richard P. Troiano, Kelley K. Pettee Gabriel, Gregory J. Welk, Neville Owen and Barbara Sternfeld
Advances in device-based measures have led researchers to question the value of reported measures of physical activity or sedentary behavior. The premise of the Workshop on Measurement of Active and Sedentary Behaviors: Closing the Gaps in Self-Report Methods, held in July 2010, was that assessment of behavior by self-report is a valuable approach.
To provide suggestions to optimize the value of reported physical activity and sedentary behavior, we 1) discuss the constructs that devices and reports of behavior can measure, 2) develop a framework to help guide decision-making about the best approach to physical activity and sedentary behavior assessment in a given situation, and 3) address the potential for combining reported behavior methods with device-based monitoring to enhance both approaches.
After participation in a workshop breakout session, coauthors summarized the ideas presented and reached consensus on the material presented here.
To select appropriate physical activity assessment methods and correctly interpret the measures obtained, researchers should carefully consider the purpose for assessment, physical activity constructs of interest, characteristics of the population and measurement tool, and the theoretical link between the exposure and outcome of interest.
David A. Ferrer and Rebecca Ellis
) physical activity assessment (ie, type and appropriateness) were also summarized. Methods Source Material and Search Terms A search was performed within 3 databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and SPORTDiscus). The current review concentrated on physical activity interventions delivered via Facebook. Search terms
Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W. St. Laurent and Sarah Burkart
-based interventions that have targeted increasing physical activity in preschool-age children of color. We identified 10 studies that met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the limited number of studies included in this review, as well as the variation in intervention activities and physical-activity-assessment methods
Gregory J. Welk
physical activity patterns make it very difficult to quantify. Compounding this challenge is the fact that individuals vary in their preferred or typical modes of physical activity, as well as their perceptions of what counts as physical activity. Assessments Versus Measurements The terms measurement and
Paul J. Collings, Diane Farrar, Joanna Gibson, Jane West, Sally E. Barber and John Wright
pregnancy body mass index, socioeconomic status, parity, season of physical activity assessment, maternal smoking in pregnancy, neonate sex, delivery mode, gestational age, and birth weight. Beside estimates are P values. Bold font denotes significantly different values compared with the referent inactive
Amanda L. Penko, Jacob E. Barkley, Anson B. Rosenfeldt and Jay L. Alberts
Physical Activity Assessment Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms, fall frequency, and physical activity assessments were completed at 3 time points: baseline (ie, 1 wk preceding the intervention); postintervention (ie, within 1 wk following intervention); and 4-week postintervention. For PD motor symptoms
Melanna F. Cox, Greg J. Petrucci Jr., Robert T. Marcotte, Brittany R. Masteller, John Staudenmayer, Patty S. Freedson and John R. Sirard
( 1 ), 141 – 151 . doi:10.1901/jaba.1991.24-141 10.1901/jaba.1991.24-141 Mckenzie , T.L. ( 2002 ). The use of direct observation to assess physical activity . In: Welk , G , ed. Physical activity assessments for health-related research (pp. 179 – 195 ). Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics