This study compared varying ratios of physical to mental practice on cognitive (pegboard) and motor (pursuit rotor) task performance. Subjects (36 males and 36 females) were randomly assigned to one of six conditions experiencing different amounts of combined mental and physical practice. Seven practice sessions (four trials per session for the pegboard and eight trials per session for the pursuit rotor) were employed. ANOVA results showed that all treatment conditions, except the pegboard control group, showed significant differential pre- to posttest improvement. Furthermore, effect sizes and significant linear trends of posttest scores from both tasks showed that as the relative proportion of physical practice increased, performance was enhanced. In support of previous meta-analytic research, for all treatment groups, the effect sizes for the cognitive task were larger than for the motor task. These findings are consistent with the symbolic-learning theory explanation for mental-practice effects. In addition, the results indicate that replacing physical practice with any mental practice would be counterproductive.
Jeffrey S. Hird, Daniel M. Landers, Jerry R. Thomas and John J. Horan
Megan Colletto and Nancy Rodriguez
purpose of maintaining muscle mass and preventing or slowing the progression of sarcopenia in older persons. Yoga, a mind-body practice, is classified as a form of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and ranked among the top 10 CAM practices used by
Tarkington J. Newman, Fernando Santos, António Cardoso and Paulo Pereira
, 2018 ). More specifically, multiple sport organizations (e.g., Golf Canada; Camiré, Kendellen, Rathwell, & Charbonneau, 2018 ) have included in their mission statement PYD and life skills development and transfer as crucial for policy, research, and practice. In fact, Newman, Lower-Hoppe, Burch, and
Miranda Rudnick and Brian Wallace
origins of coaches’ beliefs. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to report boys’ and girls’ high school basketball coaches’ beliefs, combined and contrasting, regarding ankle support practices and how they formed those beliefs. Additional aims were to (a) obtain an estimation of the percentage
John J. Smith and Daniel J. Baer
Key Points ▸ Preseason football presents a high injury risk due to high exposure to contact. ▸ We identified a decrease in the total number of lower extremity strains and time-loss lower extremity strains, following NCAA football practice rule changes. ▸ Examination of injury records and
Diane L. Gill
The feminist paradigm has been advocated as an appropriate alternative framework for sport psychology theory and research. The current paper extends the feminist perspective to sport psychology practice, particularly to educational consultation. Application of a feminist perspective to sport psychology practice requires (a) an awareness of relevant gender scholarship and valuing of the female perspective, (b) a shift in focus from the personal to the social, and (c) an egalitarian, process-oriented approach. Applying the feminist perspective implies not only an awareness of relevant sport psychology scholarship but also a commitment to action to educate and empower sport participants.
Alan J. McCubbin, Gregory R. Cox and Ricardo J.S. Costa
sodium in relation to training, before and after competition. With this in mind, the purpose of this exploratory study was to observe beliefs, information sources, and intended practices of endurance athletes regarding sodium for training and competition. Based on anecdotal evidence, we hypothesized
Alexander T. Latinjak
who agreed to participate, signed the informed consent form and answered the following question: can you remember and describe a situation, within the past week, when your mind tended to wander during sport practice? The participants were asked to describe the most significant situation they could
Stephen Pack, Brian Hemmings and Monna Arvinen-Barrow
The maturation processes of applied sport psychologists have received little research attention despite trainees and practitioners having often reported experiencing challenging circumstances when working with clients. Within clinical psychology literature the self-practice of cognitive techniques, alongside self-reflection, has been advocated as a means of addressing such circumstances, and as a significant source of experiential learning. The present study sought to identify the possible types of, and purposes for, self-practice among twelve UK-based sport psychology practitioners. Thematic analysis of semistructured interviews indicated all participants engaged in self-practice for reasons such as managing the self, enhancing understanding of intervention, and legitimising intervention. Some participants also described limitations to self-practice. Subsequently, three overriding themes emerged from analysis: a) the professional practice swamp, b) approaches to, and purposes for, self-practice, and, c) limitations of self-practice. It is concluded that self-practice may provide a means of better understanding self-as-person and self-as-practitioner, and the interplay between both, and is recommended as part of on-going practitioner maturation.
Diego Munguia-Izquierdo, Carmen Mayolas-Pi, Carlos Peñarrubia-Lozano, Federico Paris-Garcia, Javier Bueno-Antequera, Miguel Angel Oviedo-Caro and Alejandro Legaz-Arrese
last 2 decades. 4 Amateur cycling is one of the most common sport/exercise activities, and its practice has been associated with a significant reduction in all-cause mortality, 5 although the health effects of its high-volume practice are still not clearly defined. Sports performed during adolescence