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Adam B. Lloyd, David R. Lubans, Ronald C. Plotnikoff and Philip J. Morgan

Background:

This study examined potential parenting-related mediators of children’s physical activity and dietary behavior change in the Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids (HDHK) community program.

Methods:

A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 45 overweight/obese (mean [SD] age = 39.8 [5.4] years; BMI = 32.4 [3.8]) fathers and their children (n = 77; 58% boys; mean [SD] age = 7.7 [2.5] years). Families were randomized to either the HDHK program or wait-list control group. The program involved 7 sessions. Fathers and their children were assessed at baseline and at 14 weeks for physical activity (pedometery) and core food intake (Questionnaire). Fathers’ lifestyle-related parenting practices included; self-efficacy, beliefs, modeling, logistic support, rules, cophysical activity, shared mealtime frequency and intentions.

Results:

Significant intervention effects were found for cophysical activity and modeling physical activity. Cophysical activity mediated children’s physical activity in the intervention (‘mediated effect,’ AB = 653, 95% CI = 4–2050) and was responsible for 59.5% of the intervention effect. Fathers’ beliefs mediated children’s percent energy from core foods (AB = 1.51, 95% CI = 0.05–5.55) and accounted for 72.9% of the intervention effect.

Conclusions:

Participation in the HDHK program positively impacted on fathers’ cophysical activity with their child and beliefs about healthy eating which mediated changes in children’s diet and physical activity behaviors.

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Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull and Morey J. Kolber

nonvibration roller intervention on prone knee-flexion passive range of motion (ROM) and PPT. We hypothesized that the vibration roller would produce a greater increase in PPT than a nonvibration roller. Methods This pretest, posttest randomized controlled trial was approved by the California State University

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Rochelle R. Costa, Adriana C.K. Buttelli, Leandro Coconcelli, Laura F. Pereira, Alexandra F. Vieira, Alex de O. Fagundes, Juliano B. Farinha, Thais Reichert, Ricardo Stein and Luiz F.M. Kruel

. The results of this randomized controlled trial show that water-based training can be adopted as an effective nonpharmacological treatment alternative for elderly women with dyslipidemia. The improvements in lipid profile due to WA and WR are similar and may contribute to reducing the risk of

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Gregory A. Hand, Robin P. Shook, Daniel P. O’Connor, Madison M. Kindred, Sarah Schumacher, Clemens Drenowatz, Amanda E. Paluch, Stephanie Burgess, John E. Blundell and Steven N. Blair

aerobic exercise and weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials . Am J Med . 2011 ; 124 ( 8 ): 747 – 755 . PubMed ID: 21787904 doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2011.02.037 10.1016/j.amjmed.2011.02.037 21787904 2. Dhurandhar EJ , Kaiser KA , Dawson JA , Alcorn AS

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Jacob D. Meyer, Mary S. Hayney, Christopher L. Coe, Cameron L. Ninos and Bruce P. Barrett

circulation ( Gleeson, McFarlin, & Flynn, 2006 ). While the specific pathways linking exercise to inflammatory activity are unclear, population-based studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have consistently demonstrated significant associations between physical activity or fitness and lower levels of

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Sabrine N. Costa, Edgar R. Vieira and Paulo C. B. Bento

falls and mobility in frail and pre-frail older adults: A multicenter randomized controlled trial . Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87 ( 7 ), 885 – 896 . PubMed ID: 16813773 doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2006.04.005 10.1016/j.apmr.2006.04.005 Ferrucci , L. , Guralnik , J.M. , Studenski

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Maria À. Cebrià i Iranzo, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, María Á. Tortosa-Chuliá and Sebastià Balasch-Parisi

-group randomized controlled trial in which 81 institutionalized older Spanish adults with sarcopenia were randomized in a single sequence (simple randomization) to one of three balanced groups: one control group (CG) and two resistance training groups (peripheral muscle training group [PMTG] and respiratory muscle

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Jodie Andruschko, Anthony D. Okely and Phil Pearson

( Schulz, Altman, & Moher, 2010 ). Participants A 6-month, 2-arm parallel group, pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in a co-educational secondary school setting in Sydney, Australia. All girls ( n  = 292) from Grades 7–9 (first three years of secondary school, typically ages 12 to 15

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Guohua Zheng, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Kun Ling, Jing Tao and Lidian Chen

 al., 2015 ; Hayashi et al., 2005 ). However, the effects of Tai Chi on cerebral hemodynamics in older community people have not been studied. The aim of this study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial to examine the effects of Tai Chi on cerebral hemodynamics and the secondary outcomes of physical

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Wonjae Choi and Seungwon Lee

with mild cognitive impairment. We hypothesized that participants who performed the VKP exercise would have improved postural control, muscle strength, and cognitive function. Methods Participants This randomized controlled trial was registered with the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform