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Brian M. Moore, Joseph T. Adams, Sallie Willcox and Joseph Nicholson

active treatment approaches in improving reactive postural responses in community-dwelling older adults. By conducting a comprehensive search for randomized controlled trials that have investigated reactive postural responses as a primary outcome following completion of an active training program, this

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Christine E. Roberts, Louise H. Phillips, Clare L. Cooper, Stuart Gray and Julia L. Allan

to maintain ADL and IADL abilities during old age are of prime importance. Mounting evidence from large-scale epidemiological studies, randomized controlled trials, and meta-analytic reviews offer compelling evidence that physical activity positively influences older adults’ abilities to carry out

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Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Yorgi Mavros and Maria A. Fiatarone Singh

exercise or behavioral programs on long-term PA and related health outcomes in type 2 diabetes within published randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In addition, we sought to define cohort, intervention, and PA measurement characteristics predictive of successful long-term behavioral changes. Methods Data

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Rodney P. Joseph, Kathryn E. Royse and Tanya J. Benitez

the same PA promotion website (ie, Benitez et al 27 tested an adapted version of the website used in the larger full-scale randomized controlled trials conducted by Marcus et al 29 ). Intervention materials of these studies included information on cultural-specific attitudes and barriers to PA

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Oluwaseyi Osho, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye and Susan Armijo-Olivo

, & Haines, 2013 ; Nyman & Victor, 2012 ; Simek, McPhate, & Haines 2012 ). To quantify the effectiveness of a FPEP, the effect size is particularly valuable; it allows relative comparison between the intervention and control groups in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) ( Robert, 2002 ). It is a simple way

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Helen M. Binkley and Lauren E. Rudd

based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Due to the unexpected volume of studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and studies that were not randomized controlled trial (RCT) or quasi-RCT were excluded prior to detailed appraisal. All included studies were critically appraised using the

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Justin Kompf

/A 3 mo Measured Planning may serve as a mediator between SE and physical activity only when individuals have high levels of motivation. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; ECR, executive control resource; PBC, perceived behavioral control; RCT, randomized control trial; SE, self-efficacy. Table 3

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Frances A. Kanach, Amy M. Pastva, Katherine S. Hall, Juliessa M. Pavon and Miriam C. Morey

CINAHL with a combination of subject headings and text words for inpatients, elderly, and exercise. We narrowed results to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental trials using a modified version of the Cochrane Highly Sensitive Search Strategy for identifying randomized trials in

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Chih-Hsiang Yang and David E. Conroy

older adults, practicing mindfulness with a slower walking pace may be desirable because light physical activity is both safe and health-enhancing ( Loprinzi, Lee, & Cardinal, 2015 ; Nelson et al., 2007 ). Two randomized controlled trials have shown that mindful walking or walking meditation can be

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Levy Silva Rezende, Markus Brendon Lima and Emanuel Péricles Salvador

Therefore, to examine the effectiveness of interventions aimed at increasing the PA level in SCI individuals, systematically reviewed were randomized controlled trials that assessed the effects of interventions on the PA levels of individuals with SCI. Methods Relevant articles were systematically searched