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Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry

between individuals’ perceptions of their exercise climate to their BE and SPA. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between individuals’ perceptions of the motivational climates in a semester long exercise class to their BE (i.e., appearance and weight) and SPA within the class. It

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Jeffrey Sallen, Christian Andrä, Sebastian Ludyga, Manuel Mücke and Christian Herrmann

) and PA. 6 , 7 Stodden et al 8 assumed that the development of MC is a primary underlying causal mechanism that is partially responsible for commitment and persistence in PA. They described the relationship between PA and MC as reciprocal and developmentally dynamic throughout an individual

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Andre Koka and Heino Sildala

relationships with students’ maladaptive outcomes. Specifically, Hein and co-workers found that dimensions of perceived controlling behavior such as negative conditional regard and intimidation, but not controlling use of praise and excessive controlling behavior from teachers, had significant positive

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Kathy Babiak, Lucie Thibault and Annick Willem

As the nature and scope of the sport industry have changed around the world, the role of interorganizational relationships (IORs) has become central to the operations of a variety of sport organizations (cf. Bingham & Walters, 2013 ; Franco & Pessoa, 2013 ; Grix & Phillpots, 2011

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Aubrey Newland, Rich Gitelson and W. Eric Legg

; Smith, Shutz, Smoll, & Ptacek, 1995 ). As such, these mental skills may help athletes persevere despite challenges. Though previous research has not examined the relation of mental skills to grit, scholarship on the relationship between mental skills use and mental toughness may provide some insights

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María Hernández, Fabrício Zambom-Ferraresi, Pilar Cebollero, Javier Hueto, José Antonio Cascante and María M. Antón

characteristics of the sample are described using the means and standard deviations (SDs) of the continuous variables. The normality of the sample was examined using the Shapiro-Wilk test. The relationships between the different physical activity and exercise capacity variables, including the BODE index, the CAT

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Madhura Phansikar and Sean P. Mullen

/relatives, places of recreation ( Smith & Sylvestre, 2001 ); and malls, cafes, and restaurants ( Chudyk et al., 2015 ; Michael et al., 2006 ). Research has shown that active travel is beneficial for physical health. For example, Vancampfort et al. ( 2018 ) examined the relationship between active travel and

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Peter Francis, Kay Gray and Nic Perrem

further in the anterior direction of the SEBT, no difference in posterior reaches was found when compared to the YBT, suggesting posterior reaches are comparable with existing literature. To the authors’ knowledge there has yet to be a study which assesses the relationship between concentric hip abductor

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Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados, Raúl Reina, José Manuel Sarabia, Ander Romarate and Javier Yanci

. Movement velocity is dependent on both the magnitude of the load overcome and the voluntary intent of the athlete to move that load. 15 Thus, recent studies have established a very close relationship between movement velocity and the percentage of the 1-repetition maximum (%1RM) for a variety of exercises

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Hande Guney-Deniz, Gulcan Harput, Ugur Toprak and Irem Duzgun

Scapular motion impairments such as decreased upward rotation, external rotation, and posterior tilting have been thought to contribute to reduce the AHD. 3 , 4 , 9 In addition, alteration of the scapular movements negatively affects the rotator cuff muscle length–tension relationship during arm elevation