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Ana C. Holt, Daniel J. Plews, Katherine T. Oberlin-Brown, Fabrice Merien and Andrew E. Kilding

drool using minimal orofacial movement, 10 minutes following mouth rinse with water. Only water was consumed between pre- and post-IT saliva collections. Approximately 2-mL samples were collected into sterile bijou containers (LabserveTM, Auckland, NZ). Samples were stored at −20°C until batch analysis

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Emma M. Crum, Matthew J. Barnes and Stephen R. Stannard

. ( 2005 ). Apples increase nitric oxide production by human saliva at the acidic pH of the stomach: A new biological function for polyphenols with a catechol group? Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 39 ( 5 ), 668 – 681 . PubMed ID: 16085185 doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2005.04.021 10.1016/j

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Tanya R. Prewitt-White

with his exhalation clouding my forehead. His words spattered with saliva on my bare skin as he shared he loved me like one of his own kids and I was special . He proceeded to tell me he loves his wife and family and would never cheat on her and pleaded for me to believe him. He further defended he

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Nura Alwan, Samantha L. Moss, Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale, Ian G. Davies and Kevin Enright

↓ (↑) ↓ ↑ ↓ (↑) ↓ ↑ – – – – ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ – – Serum and self-report 11.5% precompetition and 28% postcompetition ↓CP; ↑RC Trexler al. ( 2017 ) 8 ♀ 7 ♂ – +3.9 kg (12.5–14.9%) 4–6 RC – ↑   –   –   –   ↑↓   ↑   ↓ – – – ↑ Saliva – – Petrizzo et al. ( 2017 ) 1 ♀ −7.7 kg (24.4–11.3%) – 24 CP – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Self-report Oligomenorrhea

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Mohanraj Krishnan, Andrew N. Shelling, Clare R. Wall, Edwin A. Mitchell, Rinki Murphy, Lesley M.E. McCowan and John M.D. Thompson

<6 METs), and vigorous activity (>6 METs) during waking hours. Analysis of actigraphy data required a complete collection of data throughout the night for 3 or more days. Sample Preparation, Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Selection, and Genotyping Genomic DNA was isolated from saliva and buffy coats

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Linda Paschen, Tim Lehmann, Miriam Kehne and Jochen Baumeister

, Budde H . Influence of acute and chronic physical activity on cognitive performance and saliva testosterone in preadolescent school children . Mental Health Phys Act . 2013 ; 6 ( 3, SI ): 197 – 204 . doi:10.1016/j.mhpa.2013.08.002 10.1016/j.mhpa.2013.08.002 32. Perrey S , Besson P . Studying

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Ronald J. Maughan, Louise M. Burke, Jiri Dvorak, D. Enette Larson-Meyer, Peter Peeling, Stuart M. Phillips, Eric S. Rawson, Neil P. Walsh, Ina Garthe, Hans Geyer, Romain Meeusen, Luc van Loon, Susan M. Shirreffs, Lawrence L. Spriet, Mark Stuart, Alan Vernec, Kevin Currell, Vidya M. Ali, Richard G.M. Budgett, Arne Ljungqvist, Margo Mountjoy, Yannis Pitsiladis, Torbjørn Soligard, Uğur Erdener and Lars Engebretsen

if the subjects are athletes (f) Verification that the supplement was taken and induced a biological response (e.g., via muscle, blood, urine, or saliva sampling) (g) A performance protocol that is valid and sufficiently reliable to detect small but potentially meaningful changes/differences in

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D. Enette Larson-Meyer, Kathleen Woolf and Louise Burke

the most frequently sampled tissues, but specific types of white blood cells, urine, saliva, and hair are also used. Serum and plasma concentrations of nutrients tend to reflect recent dietary intake or acute status unless the nutrient is homeostatically regulated (e.g., calcium or sodium) or buffered

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Louise M. Burke, Bronwen Lundy, Ida L. Fahrenholtz and Anna K. Melin

.4 ± 0.4 years 3 × 4 days dietary record using smart phone photography Activity logs and HR. EEE (kcal/kg/min) = (5.95 HRaS × 0.23 age)  − 134/4,186.8 Exercise – – – EEE not adjusted for SA FFM determined by skinfold measures Leptin, ghrelin, and cortisol saliva measured Baseline: 105 Midpoint: 93 End

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Romain Meeusen and Lieselot Decroix

Thinking about food can modulate neural activity in specific brain areas known to be involved in the cognitive controls of appetitive behaviors. This leads to saliva production, gastric acid, and insulin secretion ( Berthoud, 2007 ). When food is encountered, smell and taste act as additional