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James E. Johnson

Integration and consumption of sport are often used to build community identity, enhance health, and promote positive social interactions. Those benefits informed the purpose of this project, which was to integrate service-learning education and behaviors into a graduate sport management leadership course. Project L.E.E.P. (Leadership through Education, Experience, and Photovoice) benefitted local communities by providing an interactive service-learning project that was mutually beneficial to graduate students and surrounding community partners. Eleven graduate students in a sport administration leadership course partnered with different community sport organizations to execute a series of assignments designed to assess, plan, deliver, and reflect on more than 40 hr of sports service. Among those assignments was a photovoice project intended to capture service learning through the students’ perspectives and give voice to the sporting needs of a community. This project aligned with the experiential learning approach in many sport management programs, as well as the societal and service benefits outlined in the North American Society for Sport Management’s purpose and position statements.

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Sunday Azagba and Mesbah Fathy Sharaf


In spite of the substantial benefits of physical activity for healthy aging, older adults are considered the most physically inactive segment of the Canadian population. This paper examines leisure-time physical inactivity (LTPA) and its correlates among older Canadian adults.


We use data from the Canadian Community Health Survey with 45,265 individuals aged 50–79 years. A logistic regression is estimated and separate regressions are performed for males and females.


About 50% of older Canadian adults are physically inactive. Higher odds of physical inactivity are found among current smokers (OR = 1.52, CI = 1.37–1.69), those who binge-drink (OR = 1.24, CI = 1.11–1.39), visible minorities (OR = 1.60, CI = 1.39–1.85), immigrants (OR = 1.13, CI = 1.02–1.25), individuals with high perceived life stress (OR = 1.48, CI = 1.31–1.66). We also find lower odds of physical inactivity among: males (OR = 0.89, CI = 0.83 to 0.96), those with strong social interaction (OR = 0.71, CI = 0.66–0.77), with general life satisfaction (OR = 0.66, CI = 0.58–0.76) and individuals with more education. Similar results are obtained from separate regressions for males and females.


Identifying the correlates of LTPA among older adults can inform useful intervention measures.

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J.D. DeFreese and Alan L. Smith

associated dimensions, they represent key constructs by which person-centered profile membership might be distinguished. Social perceptions (i.e., social support, negative social interactions), therefore, will be particularly useful to the contextualization and interpretation of developmental athlete burnout

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Jos J. de Koning

With the COVID-19 virus spreading over the globe, knowing that beloved ones will be affected, it is difficult to focus on sport physiology and performance issues. The virus will have an impact on our current activities, as well as on our plans for the future. Physical social interaction is reduced

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Melanie S. Hill, Jeremy B. Yorgason, Larry J. Nelson and Alexander C. Jensen

, fear, and anxiety (high avoidance motive). Others, referred to as unsociable, are believed to simply have a preference for being alone due to a low approach (but also low avoidance) tendency. Finally, some individuals actively avoid social interactions due to high avoidance and low approach motivations

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Rosalie Coolkens, Phillip Ward, Jan Seghers and Peter Iserbyt

recess. 21 , 22 Previous results of children’s play and social behaviors during recess are consistent and found that boys’ group sizes tended to be larger than girls. 23 , 24 Boys engaged more in sports activities, whereas girls mostly engaged in sedentary play. 23 , 24 The social interactions between

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J.D. DeFreese, Travis E. Dorsch and Travis A. Flitton

interactions (e.g.,  Goodger, Gorely, Lavallee, & Harwood, 2007 ; DeFreese & Smith, 2014 ). In contrast, sport-based engagement has been shown to be positively associated with more optimal constellations of psychosocial outcomes (e.g.,  DeFreese & Smith, 2013a ). Cumulatively, more adaptive social

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Ali Al-Yaaribi and Maria Kavussanu

comes from research examining social support, which refers to social interactions aimed at inducing positive outcomes ( Bianco & Eklund, 2001 ) and resembles prosocial behavior. Specifically, DeFreese and Smith ( 2013 ) found that perceived support availability and satisfaction with social support by

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Justin A. Haegele, Takahiro Sato, Xihe Zhu and T. Nicole Kirk

addition, instances of negative social interactions, such as bullying, are commonly described in the extant literature ( de Schipper et al., 2017 ; Haegele & Kirk, 2018 ; Lieberman et al., 2006 ). These instances can be exacerbated when physical education teachers’ negative perceptions of the abilities

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Simone Pettigrew, Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Anne-Marie Hill, Liz Bainbridge, Gill Lewin, Phil Airey and Keith Hill

) Lack of social networks (−) Level of support from loved ones (+) (−) Social interaction (+) Participation prompted by others (+) (−) Other patrons (−) (+) Institutional/organization Venue characteristics (−) Promotional activities (+) Identity as member (+) Instructor quality (−) (+)  community