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Samuel T. Orange, James W. Metcalfe, Ashley Robinson, Mark J. Applegarth and Andreas Liefeith

–velocity continuum. These results suggest that either PBT or VBT can be utilized when maximal lower-body strength or explosive jump performance is the primary training objective. Sprint performance decreased in both groups, which may have been because the 7-week mesocycle did not include any linear sprint training

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Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Konstantinos Michaloglou, Alexandra Avloniti, Diamanda Leontsini, Chariklia K. Deli, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Luis Gracia-Marco, Sotirios Arsenis, Ioannis Athanailidis, Dimitrios Draganidis, Athanasios Z. Jamurtas, Craig A. Williams and Ioannis G. Fatouros

, strength, plyometric, and sprint training) in peripubertal years is quite effective in promoting the athletic development of youth due to the increased plasticity of the neuromuscular system before, during, and after the period of peak height velocity. 6 Strength training (ST) using more traditional power

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Seyed Mohsen Hosseini, Mojtaba Azizi, Ali Samadi, Nahid Talebi, Hannes Gatterer and Martin Burtscher

-intensity activities ( 5 , 15 ). Such exercises involve periods of significant cardiac acceleration and deceleration as well as the potential for substantial changes in cardiac preload, afterload, and contractility ( 5 ). Weippert et al ( 26 ) reported that even though repeated sprint training increased cTnT more than

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Hiroaki Hobara, Sakiko Saito, Satoru Hashizume, Hiroyuki Sakata and Yoshiyuki Kobayashi

(negative correlation between step frequency or step length and race time among races in each individual) is a highly individual occurrence. As spatiotemporal parameters are modifiable through sprint training sessions, 3 , 4 identifying individual sprinting strategies in 100-m sprints will provide coaches

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Carl Foster

– 100 . PubMed ID: 957938 957938 18. Sjodin B , Jansson E . Muscle fiber type changes with sprint training: effect of training pattern . Acta Physiol Scand . 1993 ; 149 : 245 – 246 . doi:10.1111/j.1748-1716.1993.tb09618.x 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1993.tb09618.x 19. Coyle EF , Sidossis LS

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Scott R. Brown, Erin R. Feldman, Matt R. Cross, Eric R. Helms, Bruno Marrier, Pierre Samozino and Jean-Benoît Morin

regime with no additional sprint training. Following the control block, a consistent strong and weak leg of the athlete was determined based on the discrete kinetic data observed from each leg during each of the unbraked sprints over the course of the 6 weeks (see control block data; Figure  1

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Chelsey Klimek, Christopher Ashbeck, Alexander J. Brook and Chris Durall

programs incorporate actual CrossFit exercises into their workout programs, which make them a valuable comparison. More traditional army PT consists of warm-up and stretching exercises followed by calisthenics, push-ups, sit-ups, some sprint training, and group long-distance running. 3 Participation in

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Pierre Samozino, Jean Romain Rivière, Jérémy Rossi, Jean-Benoit Morin and Pedro Jimenez-Reyes

A , Perez-Castilla A , Morales-Artacho AJ , Jaric S . Selective changes in the mechanical capacities of lower-body muscles after cycle-ergometer sprint training against heavy and light resistances . Int J Sports Physiol Perform . 2018 ; 13 ( 3 ): 290 – 297 . doi:10.1123/ijspp.2017

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Weiyun Chen, Cynthia Bowers and Pamela Hodges Kulinna

supports key tenets of authenticity and ELT ( Kolb & Kolb, 2009 ). With less time of exposure to the MTR program, the typical academic achievement group also demonstrated improvements. Improvement in both groups has been seen in other studies (e.g., sprint training on inflatable or solid surfaces; Cressey

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Jeremiah J. Peiffer, Chris R. Abbiss, Eric C. Haakonssen and Paolo Menaspà

training, it would be advantageous for sprinters to focus not only on developing maximal power output but also on their repeated sprint ability to accommodate the stochastic nature of cycling. Finally, sprint training should focus on durations of more than 20 seconds to more accurately represent