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Benita Olivier, Samantha-Lynn Quinn, Natalie Benjamin, Andrew Craig Green, Jessica Chiu and Weijie Wang

contributions to determine the presence of dysfunction, pathology, and risk. In the clinical arena, the examiner observes the performance of the stance limb, as well as the trunk, during a single-leg squat. DiMattia et al 3 used a clinical rating scale based on the following criteria: hip flexion should not

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Cassio M. Meira Jr and Jeffrey T. Fairbrother

15° in either direction. The stabilometer was equipped with a potentiometer and interfaced with personal computer to record time in balance. Performance within a bandwidth of 5° from horizontal was considered correct. For acquisition and retention, the task required participants to adopt a stance

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Michael Buchecker, Stefan Wegenkittl, Thomas Stöggl and Erich Müller

shortly afterward Romkes ( 2008 ), observed higher EMG activities, especially of the tibialis anterior (TA), and a clear increase of COP displacements in the anterior–posterior (AP) direction in bipedal stance using footwear equipped with a rounded sole and a soft heel pad (i.e., Masai Barefoot Technology

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Kerry E. Costello, Janie L. Astephen Wilson, William D. Stanish, Nathan Urquhart and Cheryl L. Hubley-Kozey

 > SEM 1 13 (23%) 64 (11) 28.0 (4.0) 3 NR • Peak KAM/bm higher Hatfield et al 14 C TKA 8 26 prog (27%) 28 no-prog (32%) 60 (9) 58 (7) 30.9 (4.7) 31.5 (6.2) 3 1.2 (0.2) 1.3 (0.2) • Increased KAM/bm amplitude • Smaller first peak to mid-stance KAM/bm difference • Decreased range of KFM/bm Hatfield et al 15

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Christopher K. Rhea, Jed A. Diekfuss, Jeffrey T. Fairbrother and Louisa D. Raisbeck

the sake of standing ( Haddad, Rietdyk, Claxton, & Huber, 2013 ). Rather, a human stance is typically integrated as part of a larger task, such as standing while reaching for an object or as part of gait. Nevertheless, we took the position that an upright quiet stance is an appropriate place to start

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Amy Waters, Elissa Phillips, Derek Panchuk and Andrew Dawson

with major and minor categories inferred from keywords of the two participant groups responses. They were coded in terms of the specific phase, or aspect of the sprinting action that they referred to such as the “Stance Phase” or “Arm” movement. After a familiarisation stage, of reading all the survey

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Glen M. Blenkinsop, Ying Liang, Nicholas J. Gallimore and Michael J. Hiley

back foot (reverse group) at BC (Figure  1 , gray line). 5 Popular coaching literature for playing off uneven surfaces has been derived from playing and coaching experience. 12 , 14 Advice suggests that the golfer sets the body perpendicular to the slope and adopts a stance that is wider than normal

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Mary Emily Littrell, Young-Hui Chang and Brian P. Selgrade

Kinovea, a meter stick served as a calibrated length to convert marker positions to meters. We analyzed Vicon and force platform data from heel strike to toe off for each trial in the same manner as the Kinovea data. We time normalized all data to 101 points/stance phase and calculated differences and

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Mostafa Yaghoubi, Philip W. Fink, Wyatt H. Page, Ali Heydari and Sarah P. Shultz

temporal data. From the kinematic data, the selected consecutive strides were identified as those having low kinematic variability (defined as interstride range less than 5 degrees) ( 6 ). Visual inspection of the kinematic data divided each exercise into 4 phases: stance, early float, swing, and late

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Mohammed M. Althomali and Susan J. Leat

AFOV, will predict balance (measured with the Sit to Stand test and the One Legged Stance test), mobility (measured by the 5 Meter Walking test) and/or the fear of falling (measured with the Falls Efficacy Scale–International) in the older adult population. These balance and mobility assessment tools