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Pier Paolo Mariani, Luca Laudani, Jacopo E. Rocchi, Arrigo Giombini and Andrea Macaluso

Strength testing was carried out in all patients the day before surgery (time 0), and at 60 (time 1) and 90 (time 2) days after surgery. Each patient warmed up on an exercise bicycle for 5 minutes at a low resistance before performing the strength test. All participants were tested for MVIC of the knee

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Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa, Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro and Frederico Ribeiro Neto

been published previously. 17 , 18 The SCIM III was translated and validated to the Brazilian version. 18 , 19 A trained physiotherapist, independent and masked of the assessments and strength tests, assessed FIM scale. The SCIM was assessed by a physical educator (F.R.N. or R.R.G.C.), and the scales

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Bin Chen, Yichao Zhao, Xianxin Cao, Guojiong Hu, Lincoln B. Chen and Wenxin Niu

shoulder rotators imbalance. 17 – 19 These imbalanced shoulder rotators could not stabilize the humeral head to the center of glenoid, which contributes to increase the risk of impingement. 20 Isokinetic muscle strength testing is commonly used to evaluate eccentric and concentric peak torque of the

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Pier Paolo Mariani, Luca Laudani, Jacopo E. Rocchi, Arrigo Giombini and Andrea Macaluso

Strength testing was carried out in all patients the day before surgery (time 0), and at 60 (time 1) and 90 (time 2) days after surgery. Each patient warmed up on an exercise bicycle for 5 minutes at a low resistance before performing the strength test. All participants were tested for MVIC of the knee

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Mostafa Zarei, Hamed Abbasi, Abdolhamid Daneshjoo, Mehdi Gheitasi, Kamran Johari, Oliver Faude, Nikki Rommers and Roland Rössler

standardized conditions. Body mass was measured with a Seca scale (Hamburg, Germany) and body fat percentage was assessed with an InBody (Seoul, Korea) device. Prior to pretest and posttest, players performed a standardized 5-minute warm-up on a cycling ergometer. 19 The strength tests for the knee flexors

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Ty B. Palmer, Jose G. Pineda and Rachel M. Durham

were not collected) and the next 2 visits were experimental trials (trial 1 and trial 2) from which data were collected and used for subsequent analyses. During the familiarization trial, participants practiced the strength testing protocol, which consisted of performing several isometric back squats

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Aymen Ben Othman, Mehdi Chaouachi, Issam Makhlouf, Jonathan P. Farthing, Urs Granacher, David G. Behm and Anis Chaouachi

reported elsewhere ( r  = .82–.95) ( 7 , 12 ). Upper Body Strength Tests EFlex 1RM The dynamic strength of the dominant and nondominant EF was assessed by 1RM performing a seated unilateral elbow flexion exercise on a preacher curl bench on a standard EFlex machine (Life Fitness Pro Elbow Flexion Machine

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Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados, Raúl Reina, José Manuel Sarabia, Ander Romarate and Javier Yanci

basketball. 17 , 19 Although several studies have analyzed the physical performance, 2 , 6 strength, 9 , 20 or mobility, 21 the number of studies regarding the association between strength test and physical performance test in WB is scarce. Regarding WB, Turbanski and Schmidtbleicher 9 reported an

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Darren Steeves, Leo J. Thornley, Joshua A. Goreham, Matthew J. Jordan, Scott C. Landry and Jonathon R. Fowles

trunk peak isometric force tasks. Trunk-Strength Testing A kayak ergometer (CatchForce, KayakPro) was altered so the seat, footrests, and paddle cables remained stationary. One 227-kg “S” load cell (BLH Electronics, Canton, MA) was securely connected to a steel beam behind the participant. For all tasks

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Herbert Wagner, Patrick Fuchs, Andrea Fusco, Philip Fuchs, Jeffrey W. Bell and Serge P. von Duvillard

-Rotation Strength Test Isokinetic trunk and shoulder internal rotation strength tests were conducted using an IsoMed 2000 dynamometer (D&R Ferstl, GmbH, Hemau, Germany) combined with the manufacturer’s attachments for bilateral trunk and unilateral shoulder rotation. Range of motion and angular velocity for trunk