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Mark A. Feger, Luke Donovan, C. Collin Herb, Geoffrey G. Handsfield, Silvia S. Blemker, Joseph M. Hart, Susan A. Saliba, Mark F. Abel, Joseph S. Park and Jay Hertel

with the exception of a smaller field of view (250 × 250 mm) and commensurately higher resolution. 19 Due to the smaller field of view for the intrinsic foot muscles, a Siemens 4-channel large flex coil was utilized to increase signal-to-noise ratio. 19 Four-Way Ankle Strength Testing Ankle strength

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Bin Chen, Yichao Zhao, Xianxin Cao, Guojiong Hu, Lincoln B. Chen and Wenxin Niu

shoulder rotators imbalance. 17 – 19 These imbalanced shoulder rotators could not stabilize the humeral head to the center of glenoid, which contributes to increase the risk of impingement. 20 Isokinetic muscle strength testing is commonly used to evaluate eccentric and concentric peak torque of the

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Joseph B. Lesnak, Dillon T. Anderson, Brooke E. Farmer, Dimitrios Katsavelis and Terry L. Grindstaff

reconstruction. 4 , 10 A limitation of this study was that our sample of participants were young, healthy individuals with no recent knee pathology. Although quadriceps strength testing is important in these individuals, results from this study cannot be fully extrapolated to individuals with knee pathology

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Jun-Seok Kim, Moon-Hwan Kim, Duk-Hyun Ahn and Jae-Seop Oh

muscle while minimizing the contribution of secondary mover muscles. Theoretically, during the test, the designated primary mover muscle should have the highest level of activity compared with the secondary mover. During SA (primary mover) strength testing, it is difficult to isolate the SA muscle from

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Pier Paolo Mariani, Luca Laudani, Jacopo E. Rocchi, Arrigo Giombini and Andrea Macaluso

Strength testing was carried out in all patients the day before surgery (time 0), and at 60 (time 1) and 90 (time 2) days after surgery. Each patient warmed up on an exercise bicycle for 5 minutes at a low resistance before performing the strength test. All participants were tested for MVIC of the knee

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José Machado Filho, Carlos Leonardo Figueiredo Machado, Hirofumi Tanaka and Rodrigo Ferrari

accessed on the first day of the experimental sessions. Preliminary Assessments During the “run-in period,” which was necessary to ensure BP measurement stability prior to the start of the actual protocol, each participant performed a familiarization session and a muscular strength test on two separate

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Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa, Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro and Frederico Ribeiro Neto

been published previously. 17 , 18 The SCIM III was translated and validated to the Brazilian version. 18 , 19 A trained physiotherapist, independent and masked of the assessments and strength tests, assessed FIM scale. The SCIM was assessed by a physical educator (F.R.N. or R.R.G.C.), and the scales

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Mostafa Zarei, Hamed Abbasi, Abdolhamid Daneshjoo, Mehdi Gheitasi, Kamran Johari, Oliver Faude, Nikki Rommers and Roland Rössler

standardized conditions. Body mass was measured with a Seca scale (Hamburg, Germany) and body fat percentage was assessed with an InBody (Seoul, Korea) device. Prior to pretest and posttest, players performed a standardized 5-minute warm-up on a cycling ergometer. 19 The strength tests for the knee flexors

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Ty B. Palmer, Jose G. Pineda and Rachel M. Durham

were not collected) and the next 2 visits were experimental trials (trial 1 and trial 2) from which data were collected and used for subsequent analyses. During the familiarization trial, participants practiced the strength testing protocol, which consisted of performing several isometric back squats

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Aymen Ben Othman, Mehdi Chaouachi, Issam Makhlouf, Jonathan P. Farthing, Urs Granacher, David G. Behm and Anis Chaouachi

reported elsewhere ( r  = .82–.95) ( 7 , 12 ). Upper Body Strength Tests EFlex 1RM The dynamic strength of the dominant and nondominant EF was assessed by 1RM performing a seated unilateral elbow flexion exercise on a preacher curl bench on a standard EFlex machine (Life Fitness Pro Elbow Flexion Machine