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Dori E. Rosenberg, Gregory J. Norman, Nicole Wagner, Kevin Patrick, Karen J. Calfas and James F. Sallis

Background:

Sedentary behavior is related to obesity, but measures of sedentary behaviors are lacking for adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ) among overweight adults.

Methods:

Participants were 49 adults for the 2 week test-retest reliability study (67% female, 53% white, mean age = 20) and 401 overweight women (mean age = 41, 61% white) and 441 overweight men (mean age = 44, 81% white) for the validity study. The SBQ consisted of reports of time spent in 9 sedentary behaviors. Outcomes for validity included accelerometer measured inactivity, sitting time (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), and BMI. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) assessed reliability and partial correlations assessed validity.

Results:

ICCs were acceptable for all items and the total scale (range = .51–.93). For men, there were significant relationships of SBQ items with IPAQ sitting time and BMI. For women, there were relationships between the SBQ and accelerometer inactivity minutes, IPAQ sitting time, and BMI.

Conclusions:

The SBQ has acceptable measurement properties for use among overweight adults. Specific measures of sedentary behavior should be included in studies and population surveillance.

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R. Elueze and R.L. Jones

The purpose of the study was to compare the televised depictions and portrayals of male and female athletes who partook in the so-called ‘masculine’ events of the marathon, shot-put and discus at the 5th World Athletics Championships in 1995. Both commentary and modes of production were analyzed in order to ascertain if women were treated equally in terms of the above modes of presentation when participating in physically challenging events that defy traditional and stereotypical notions of femininity.

Based upon the results, not only were the men’s events given greater air time, but the quality of the commentary and modes of production also favored the men’s events when compared with their female counterparts. Thus, commentators frequently framed the female athletes’ accomplishments in terms of traditional notions of femininity, through the use of negative, condescending and ambivalent descriptors and a gendered hierarchy of naming.

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David Russell and Jo-Ana D. Chase

most sedentary population in the United States, spending more than half their waking hours engaged in SB of which television (TV) watching and driving are included ( Copeland, Clarke, & Dogra, 2015 ; Owen, Healy, et al., 2010 ; Owen, Sparling, Healy, Dunstan, & Matthews, 2010 ). SB, which are

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Joseph H. Moore

consumers are defined as those who use media texts (responding to radio and TV phone-in shows, those who respond to comment posts and message boards, and those who retweet news). Passive news consumers are defined as those who consume sports through television, radio, newspapers and magazines. On a scale

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Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Katie E. Gunnell and Mark Stephen Tremblay

sedentary behavior among adolescents is time spent sitting in front of screens such as the television (TV), video games, and computers [collectively called “screen time” (ST)]. 2 Excessive ST in children and adolescents is associated with higher risk of obesity, 3 and psychological and behavioral problems

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Bruno G.G. da Costa, Kelly S. da Silva, Rafael M. da Costa, Edio L. Petroski, Isabela C. Back, Paulo H.A. Guerra and Luiz R.A. de Lima

Sedentary behavior (SB) is characterized by low-energy expenditure activities (≤1.5 metabolic equivalent of task), such as watching television (TV) and using the computer while in a sitting, reclining, or lying posture ( 26 ). Previous studies have linked TV viewing habits with unhealthy outcomes

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Amanda E. Staiano

. Materials and Methods Participants The sample included 357 white and African American children and adolescents aged 5–18 years recruited from Baton Rouge, LA. Recruitment occurred through radio and television (TV) advertisements and through pediatricians’ offices. Participants provided written assent, and

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Stephanie Alley, Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen, Mitch J. Duncan, Katrien De Cocker, Stephanie Schoeppe, Amanda L. Rebar and Corneel Vandelanotte

Bureau of Statistics, 2012 ). Therefore, due to the high levels of sitting time in older adults and the health benefits of reducing sitting time, interventions are needed to reduce sitting in older adults. It is necessary to distinguish between different domains of sitting (TV, computer, other leisure

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Hans C. Schmidt

the increasing connection between athletes, social issues, and politics? Method Sample To address the two research questions, content was sampled from a mix of television, newspaper, and magazine sources. In the sample of sport media, all TV shows came from ESPN, the top-rated sport network ( Sports

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Chad Seifried, Brian Soebbing and Kwame J.A. Agyemang

. Table 3 Payout, Attendance, Sponsorship, and Television Data for Surviving and Defunct Games 5-Year Intervals Year Average no. of games per year Percentage with title sponsors per year Average total payout High payout/low payout Total average attendance High attendance/low attendance Total average TV