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Allyson C. Hartzell and Marlene A. Dixon

over women. In the sport context, women are excluded from the higher level roles, men maintain their power and control, and there is an acceptance, or even support ( Schull, Shaw, & Kihl, 2013 ), of this status quo. Although the enactment of Title IX in the United States helped level the playing field

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Matthew Katz, Nefertiti A. Walker and Lauren C. Hindman

NCAA serves as a prime sport organization to examine the gendered nature of social networking in sport leadership for a few reasons. First, it must adhere to Title IX, which was enacted in 1972. In the context of the NCAA, Title IX provides guidelines for ensuring equitable opportunities for

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Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett

assault. No charges were filed, however, in 2016, the university paid $950,000 to settle a lawsuit brought by the victim alleging a violation of Title IX by FSU in handling her complaint. Winston was later accused of groping an Uber driver and was suspended three games of the 2018 season by the NFL. In

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Daniel Gould

recreational leagues. A more positive development has been the growth in sport participation by girls, although a greater percentage of boys (64%) still participate in organized sports than girls (53%; Dentro et al., 2014 ), and more must be done to provide sport opportunities for girls. Fueled by Title IX

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Sarah Zipp, Tavis Smith and Simon Darnell

example, research on the impacts of Title IX legislation in the United States have shown that the expansion and promotion of opportunities for girls to play sport has increased girls’ interest in playing sport ( Acosta & Carpenter, 2014 ; Ware, 2014 ). Title IX demonstrates the “if you build it, they

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Hannah R. Thompson, Bhaani K. Singh, Annie Reed, Robert García, Monica Lounsbery, Benjamin D. Winig and Kristine A. Madsen

existing school health laws. Lawsuits levied to enforce existing education law are not uncommon. For instance, since the passage of Title IX of the US Education Amendments Act of 1972, which protects against discrimination based on sex in educational activities receiving federal financial assistance

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Nicole M. LaVoi, Jennifer E. McGarry and Leslee A. Fisher

civil rights for girls and women in sport due to Title IX, it appears that the United States lags behind other countries in terms of mentorship, programming, development, and organizational policies. The work being done in Canada and Western Europe will guide knowledge in how to develop women coaches

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Jared A. Russell, Sheri Brock and Mary E. Rudisill

, physical conflict), a targeted individual can turn to administration and units on campus such as the office of Title IX, affirmative action, human resources, and/or the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to address the matter. Consequently, explicit bias is more easily identified and addressed

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Shara Crookston

’ sports participation is not a new phenomenon, films and literature featuring female athletes have been slow in gaining momentum. Engberg ( 2007 ) notes that although “it has been 35 years since Title IX widened the sports world for women and girls…remarkably few books about women and girls who play

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Matt R. Huml, Marion E. Hambrick, Mary A. Hums and Calvin Nite

), and disability ( Darcy & Dowse, 2013 ). Within intercollegiate athletics, investigations into Title IX infractions incurred by athletic departments have increased, frequently due to a lack of equity between athletic programs ( Moorman & Osborne, 2015 ). Other examinations of intercollegiate athletics