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Kristen Day

urban locations, changes from active to sedentary work, mechanization of housekeeping tasks, transitions toward unhealthy “industrialized” diets, the rise of sedentary recreational activities (screen time, etc), and increased motorized transportation 5 – 8 —all may help explain this increase. Overweight

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Gregory Knell, Henry S. Brown, Kelley P. Gabriel, Casey P. Durand, Kerem Shuval, Deborah Salvo and Harold W. Kohl III

The role of the built environment in physical activity behaviors has garnered increasing attention from the research and policy communities. 1 – 3 Modifications to the built environment, such as improvements to sidewalks, may lead to more physical activity by providing safe, defined, and connected

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Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh and Jim F. Sallis

risk. 1 , 2 The same populations often have limited access to safe places and quality programs for physical activity (PA). 3 To help ensure that children grow up at a healthy weight, daily or regular PA is recommended. 4 Improvements in PA environments in neighborhood settings, where children

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Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li and Kun Li

contribute to older adults living a sedentary lifestyle or limiting engagement in physical activity ( Godfrey et al., 2013 ). Prior studies indicate that a sedentary lifestyle may be associated with poor sleep in older adults ( Dzierzewski et al., 2014 ; Morgan, 2003 ), and being active for 20–30 min at

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Daniel das Virgens Chagas and Luiz Alberto Batista

percentage ( Barnett et al., 2016 ; Chagas & Batista, 2015 ; Kakebeeke et al., 2017 ) and positively associated with physical activity ( Jaakkola & Washington, 2013 ; Kambas et al., 2012 ; Laukkanen, Pesola, Havu, Sääkslahti, & Finni, 2014 ; Robinson et al., 2015 ) in both children and adolescents

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Yang Bai, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, Gregory J. Welk and Norma Candelaria

behaviors. A promising model for understanding youth physical activity (PA) behavior is the Youth Physical Activity Promotion model proposed by Welk ( 40 ). According to this model, youth behavior is determined by independent and interacting psychosocial influences from enabling factors (eg, fitness, skills

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Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A. Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G. Cucato and Raphael M. Ritti-Dias

reduces walking capacity and daily physical activity levels ( Sieminski & Gardner, 1997 ), leading to a progressive deconditioning cycle that impairs aerobic ( Ritti-Dias et al., 2009 ) and muscle ( Basyches et al., 2009 ) functions and affects the quality of life ( Menêses et al., 2011 ). Increasing

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Amy R. Barchek, Shelby E. Baez, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch

Clinical Scenario According to the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association, it is recommended that adults aged 18–65 years should spend a minimum of 30 minutes per day for 5 days each week participating in moderate physical activity or 20 minutes per day for 2 days

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Ryan M. Hulteen, Lisa M. Barnett, Philip J. Morgan, Leah E. Robinson, Christian J. Barton, Brian H. Wrotniak and David R. Lubans

Motor competence is generally defined as an individual’s capability to complete a variety of motor tasks ( Robinson et al., 2015 ). Developing motor competence is important for current and future participation in physical activity ( Stodden et al., 2008 ). It has been suggested that motor

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Kavita A. Gavand, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz and James F. Sallis

In adolescents, regular physical activity (PA) helps to improve body composition, cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, metabolic health biomarkers, bone health, and mental health. 1 It is recommended that youth participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for at least 60 minutes