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Gregory Knell, Henry S. Brown, Kelley P. Gabriel, Casey P. Durand, Kerem Shuval, Deborah Salvo and Harold W. Kohl III

The role of the built environment in physical activity behaviors has garnered increasing attention from the research and policy communities. 1 – 3 Modifications to the built environment, such as improvements to sidewalks, may lead to more physical activity by providing safe, defined, and connected

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Daniel das Virgens Chagas and Luiz Alberto Batista

percentage ( Barnett et al., 2016 ; Chagas & Batista, 2015 ; Kakebeeke et al., 2017 ) and positively associated with physical activity ( Jaakkola & Washington, 2013 ; Kambas et al., 2012 ; Laukkanen, Pesola, Havu, Sääkslahti, & Finni, 2014 ; Robinson et al., 2015 ) in both children and adolescents

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Kavita A. Gavand, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz and James F. Sallis

In adolescents, regular physical activity (PA) helps to improve body composition, cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, metabolic health biomarkers, bone health, and mental health. 1 It is recommended that youth participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for at least 60 minutes

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Amy R. Barchek, Shelby E. Baez, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch

Clinical Scenario According to the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association, it is recommended that adults aged 18–65 years should spend a minimum of 30 minutes per day for 5 days each week participating in moderate physical activity or 20 minutes per day for 2 days

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Pilar Lavielle Sotomayor, Gerardo Huitron Bravo, Analí López Fernández and Juan Talavera Piña

Increased physical activity (PA) could reduce the frequency of chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, and colon cancer by up to 10% 1 ; it can also increase life expectancy 2 and lower health care cost. 3 Therefore, promoting PA in the general population should be a

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Ryan M. Hulteen, Lisa M. Barnett, Philip J. Morgan, Leah E. Robinson, Christian J. Barton, Brian H. Wrotniak and David R. Lubans

Motor competence is generally defined as an individual’s capability to complete a variety of motor tasks ( Robinson et al., 2015 ). Developing motor competence is important for current and future participation in physical activity ( Stodden et al., 2008 ). It has been suggested that motor

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Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A. Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G. Cucato and Raphael M. Ritti-Dias

reduces walking capacity and daily physical activity levels ( Sieminski & Gardner, 1997 ), leading to a progressive deconditioning cycle that impairs aerobic ( Ritti-Dias et al., 2009 ) and muscle ( Basyches et al., 2009 ) functions and affects the quality of life ( Menêses et al., 2011 ). Increasing

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Lisa Price, Katrina Wyatt, Jenny Lloyd, Charles Abraham, Siobhan Creanor, Sarah Dean and Melvyn Hillsdon

Understanding the prevalence of physical activity (PA) in children is important to the design of population-level health promotion initiatives. 1 It is recommended that children achieve a minimum of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on each day of the week 2 , 3 to

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Dietrich Rothenbacher, Dhayana Dallmeier, Michael D. Denkinger, Bernhard O. Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Jochen Klenk and ActiFE Study Group

individuals are relatively stable throughout the day and independent of meals ( Winters et al., 2014 ). SHBG produced in hepatocytes and production is controlled by endocrine as well as metabolic factors. Physical activity (PA) is an important determinant of health. Strong evidence exists that physically

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Roger J. Paxton, Jeri E. Forster, Matthew J. Miller, Kristine L. Gerron, Jennifer E. Stevens-Lapsley and Cory L. Christiansen

than 3 million per year projected by 2030 ( Kurtz et al., 2007 ). TKA reliably reduces pain and improves self-reported functional performance postoperatively ( Bruun-Olsen, Heiberg, Wahl, & Mengshoel, 2013 ), yet physical activity levels are not typically increased after TKA ( Brandes, Ringling, Winter