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Lisa Price, Katrina Wyatt, Jenny Lloyd, Charles Abraham, Siobhan Creanor, Sarah Dean and Melvyn Hillsdon

Understanding the prevalence of physical activity (PA) in children is important to the design of population-level health promotion initiatives. 1 It is recommended that children achieve a minimum of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on each day of the week 2 , 3 to

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Chris Knoester and Theo Randolph

Research on the benefits of father involvement in children’s lives has become common ( Lamb & Lewis, 2010 ; Sarkadi et al., 2008 ). Similarly, a great deal of work has been done on the implications of sports and other physical activities for health outcomes ( Kahan & McKenzie, 2015 ; Project Play

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Judith Godin, Joanna M. Blodgett, Kenneth Rockwood and Olga Theou

Researchers have examined the connection between different intensities of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and frailty ( Kehler et al., 2018 ). What has received less attention is that increasing time spent in one type of activity inherently means decreasing time spent in another type of

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Dietrich Rothenbacher, Dhayana Dallmeier, Michael D. Denkinger, Bernhard O. Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Jochen Klenk and ActiFE Study Group

individuals are relatively stable throughout the day and independent of meals ( Winters et al., 2014 ). SHBG produced in hepatocytes and production is controlled by endocrine as well as metabolic factors. Physical activity (PA) is an important determinant of health. Strong evidence exists that physically

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Kerstin Gerst Emerson and Jennifer Gay

higher prevalence of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes ( Mensah, Mokdad, Ford, Greenlund, & Croft, 2005 ). The disparity in risk factors is particularly intriguing because they are more amenable to interventions, such as increasing physical activity. Epidemiologic evidence consistently points to a

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Buffie Longmire-Avital, Takudzwa Madzima and Elyse Bierut

-intensity physical activity or 75 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity each week. One of the most important benefits of physical activity and exercise is decreased morbidity and mortality ( Brown, Burton, & Rowan, 2007 ; Kokkinos & Myers, 2010 ). Not only does physical activity help to prevent diseases such

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Kristen Day

urban locations, changes from active to sedentary work, mechanization of housekeeping tasks, transitions toward unhealthy “industrialized” diets, the rise of sedentary recreational activities (screen time, etc), and increased motorized transportation 5 – 8 —all may help explain this increase. Overweight

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Rebecca T. Marsh Naturkach and Donna L. Goodwin

reflection enable the identification of positive actions for improvement in future encounters. Undergraduate university instructors have historically used disability-related CSL to prepare adapted physical activity students for professional practice ( Connolly, 1994 ; DePauw, 2000 ; Hodge & Jansma, 1999

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Gregory Knell, Henry S. Brown, Kelley P. Gabriel, Casey P. Durand, Kerem Shuval, Deborah Salvo and Harold W. Kohl III

The role of the built environment in physical activity behaviors has garnered increasing attention from the research and policy communities. 1 – 3 Modifications to the built environment, such as improvements to sidewalks, may lead to more physical activity by providing safe, defined, and connected

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Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li and Kun Li

contribute to older adults living a sedentary lifestyle or limiting engagement in physical activity ( Godfrey et al., 2013 ). Prior studies indicate that a sedentary lifestyle may be associated with poor sleep in older adults ( Dzierzewski et al., 2014 ; Morgan, 2003 ), and being active for 20–30 min at