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Marco J. Konings and Florentina J. Hettinga

could likely be more varied compared with what has been reported on time-trial exercise. In this study, we used competitive data to examine whether preceding high-intensity race efforts in a competitive weekend affects pacing behavior and performance in elite short-track speed skating. To do this, we

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Davide Ferioli, Andrea Bosio, Johann C. Bilsborough, Antonio La Torre, Michele Tornaghi and Ermanno Rampinini

muscular sRPE-TL among PRO soccer players. These results suggest that reaching high sRPE-TL and TV during the preparation period might negatively affect strength and power properties. This phenomenon might be ascribed to a residual fatigue that exists due to the daily training (often 2 daily training

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Tiago Turnes, Rogério S.O. Cruz, Fabrizio Caputo and Rafael A. De Aguiar

high-intensity exercise. 11 Owing to the potential impact of sodium bicarbonate on rowing performance, 8 , 12 – 15 a meta-analytical examination on its influence on the 2000-m test is warranted. In addition, it is still relevant to further analyze the impact of other substances that positively affect

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Rebecca Hare, Lynne Evans and Nichola Callow

The present study explored the perceived affect of personal and situational variables, perception of pain, and imagery ability on the function and outcome of an Olympic athlete’s use of imagery. To gain an in-depth understanding of these factors, semistructured interviews were conducted across three phases of injury rehabilitation, and return to competition. The athlete also completed the Athletic Injury Imagery Questionnaire-2 (Sordoni, Hall, & Forwell, 2002), the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire-2 (Roberts, Callow, Markland, Hardy, & Bringer, 2008), and the Visual Analogue Scale for pain (Huskisson, 1974). Findings highlight the perceived affects of personal and situational variables and imagery ability on the athlete’s responses to injury and function of imagery use. Further, this usage was perceived by the athlete to affect outcome depending on the phase of rehabilitation. Interestingly, perception of pain was not considered by the athlete to influence imagery use, this might have been due to the low pain rating reported.

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Francesco Campa, Hannes Gatterer, Henry Lukaski and Stefania Toselli

bioimpedance analysis (BIA) in some clinical applications and physical activity is moderating physiological factors that affect its validity to monitor hydration. 6 These factors include increased cutaneous blood flow, elevated body temperature, accumulation of electrolytes on the skin, and elevated rates of

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Nicholas L. Holt, William B. Strean and Enrique García Bengoechea

There has been considerable debate regarding the delivery and outcomes of games experiences in physical education. In particular, the relative benefits of the Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) approach have been compared to traditional skill-drill approaches to games teaching. However, many discussions of TGfU have focused on cognitive and psychomotor learning outcomes, neglecting the affective domain. The purpose of this article is to review TGfU research, to present an extended TGfU model, and to suggest new avenues for future research and practice. Future research directions include consideration of learning with respect to cognitive, behavioral, and affective characteristics.

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Jorge Carlos-Vivas, Elena Marín-Cascales, Tomás T. Freitas, Jorge Perez-Gomez and Pedro E. Alcaraz

negative slope with heavier loads was conditioned by a substantial lower sprint, RF max and V max . In addition, the results seem to indicate that the load increment on the vertical component might more negatively affect the RF max than the achieved V max , particularly when the load is higher than 20

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Olfa Turki, Wissem Dhahbi, Johnny Padulo, Riadh Khalifa, Sana Ridène, Khaled Alamri, Mirjana Milić, Sabri Gueid and Karim Chamari

a short-term preparatory strategy is recommended. Conclusions The major findings of this study showed that compared with NS, DS tended to affect the pattern of improvement of COD performance during play by intensifying and accelerating it. Such results suggest that, for young elite volleyball

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Simon Gavanda, Stephan Geisler, Oliver Jan Quittmann and Thorsten Schiffer

both groups an increase in MM via hypertrophy-oriented RT, 25 which led to increased levels of strength, and ultimately to sprint performance in line with the previously mentioned meta-analysis. As body weight can affect speed, strength, and power, a lean body with an optimal muscle to fat ratio can

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Philippe Richard and François Billaut

to the studied interventions. 14 Athletes were told that omitting intensity bouts from their warm-ups 20 to 40 minutes before their race 16 – 18 could potentially negatively affect their performance 16 and lead to false conclusions in the current research project. After testing, all athletes