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Nathan F. Johnson, Chloe Hutchinson, Kaitlyn Hargett, Kyle Kosik and Phillip Gribble

-related declines in flexibility can be minimized by stretching. 9 Mixed functional outcomes have been reported on various tasks following improved flexibility. 10 Rising from a seated position on the floor is a functional task that affords autonomy and is dependent on an individual’s musculoskeletal health

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Anna E. Chalkley, Ash C. Routen, Jo P. Harris, Lorraine A. Cale, Trish Gorely and Lauren B. Sherar

). Discretionary time periods during the school day where pupils are given some autonomy for how they spend their time, such as recess and lunchtime, have received much attention as windows of opportunity to increase children’s physical activity ( Langford et al., 2014 ). Within the United Kingdom, the popularity

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Sarah Stokowski, Bo Li, Benjamin D. Goss, Shelby Hutchens and Megan Turk

is autonomous/self-directed, thereby supporting the natural tendencies of behaving in healthy and productive ways ( Deci & Ryan, 1985a ). The ability to be motivated in such a manner is controlled by the presence of three need factors: autonomy, competence, and purpose ( Lyness, Lurie, Ward, Mooney

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Juan Andrés Merino-Barrero, Alfonso Valero-Valenzuela, Noelia Belando Pedreño and Javier Fernandez-Río

also be influenced by three basic psychological needs ( Deci & Ryan, 2012 ): autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Autonomy is associated with the efforts that individuals make to feel at the origin of their actions and to determine their own behavior. Competence is defined as the intention to control

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Katie E. Misener

growth, and self-realization of the individual ( Ryff & Singer, 2008 ). Under the umbrella of eudaimonic well-being, Ryff ( 1989 ) developed her seminal model, which outlines well-being as a multidimensional construct encompassing following six distinct dimensions: self-acceptance, autonomy

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Mònica Solana-Tramunt, Jose Morales, Bernat Buscà, Marina Carbonell and Lara Rodríguez-Zamora

-rate variability (HRV) describes the variation in beat-by-beat intervals in different situations. 9 Several studies have used HRV to monitor individual recovery and training adaptations to better understand the status of the autonomic nervous system, stress, and recovery balance in elite athletes. 4 , 10 , 11

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Jennifer L. Copeland

prolonged sitting time may be beneficial to older adults and help them maintain their functional capacity and autonomy. However, there is much work to be done before we are ready for large-scale, population-level interventions that specifically target “sitting time.” As the field continues to expand, we

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Haresh T. Suppiah, Chee Yong Low, Gabriel Choong and Michael Chia

performance test, heart rate variability (HRV) was monitored to evaluate physiological changes of the autonomic nervous system. 26 Before starting the shooting performance tests, participants wore an elastic electrode belt (Polar Team 2; Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland) for the collection of HRV measures

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

EECP effects on exercise performance, lactate removal, autonomic nervous system recovery, and rate of perceived exertion (RPE). Because accumulation of intracellular metabolites (hydrogen ions and inorganic phosphate) can impair contractile function, especially during high-intensity exercise, 12 we

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Maureen R. Weiss

, Webster, Logan, & Chinn, 2018 ; Robinson, Palmer, & Meehan, 2017 ). This program is grounded in achievement goal theory with an emphasis on a mastery motivational climate to provide classroom structure, autonomy support, and feedback to improve motor skills. Over a systematic series of studies, children