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Shijun Zhu, Eun-Shim Nahm, Barbara Resnick, Erika Friedmann, Clayton Brown, Jumin Park, Jooyoung Cheon and DoHwan Park

bone health, such as calcium and vitamin D intake, exercise, and bone density screening tests. Discussion forums focused on health behaviors accompanied the learning modules. The booster intervention started right after the end of the Bone Power intervention and continued for 10 months. The booster

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

individualized and supervised exercise in the context of treatment rather than independent and unsupervised exercise. Furthermore, Moola, Gairdner, and Amara ( 2013 ) found that nutritionally supported exercise lessens food preoccupation, enhances treatment compliance, increases bone density, and improves

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Francisco Alvarez-Barbosa, Jesús del Pozo-Cruz, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Antonio García-Hermoso and Rosa María Alfonso-Rosa

on muscle strength, muscle mass, and bone density in institutionalized elderly women: A 6-month randomized, controlled trial . Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 26 ( 1 ), 42 – 49 . PubMed ID: 20648661 doi: 10.1002/jbmr.181 Yumin , E.T. , Simsek , T.T. , Sertel , M. , Ozturk , A

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Adam D.G. Baxter-Jones

sport will affect a child’s statural growth. However, regular activity or training are important for the regulation of body mass—increasing muscle size and bone density and reducing fat accrual. Diet, nutrition, and socioeconomic resources are considered the prime environmental influences on growth

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Nicolas Farina, Laura J. Hughes, Amber Watts and Ruth G. Lowry

– 282 . PubMed ID: 11400476 doi:10.1080/09637480120044138 10.1080/09637480120044138 Loskutova N. , Honea R.A. , Vidoni E.D. , Brooks W.M. , & Burns J.M. ( 2009 ). Bone density and brain atrophy in early Alzheimer’s disease . Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease : JAD, 18 ( 4 ), 777 – 785

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Katie Crockett, Saija A. Kontulainen, Jonathan P. Farthing, Philip D. Chilibeck, Brenna Bath, Adam D.G. Baxter-Jones and Catherine M. Arnold

, Milisen, Dejaeger, & Boonen, 2003 ). If the fall results in a fracture, further follow-up testing to diagnose bone fragility may not occur ( Osteoporosis Canada, 2013 ). Less than 10% of patients receive any form of fall risk assessment or bone density assessment following a DRF, creating a substantial

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Alan L. Smith, Karl Erickson and Leapetswe Malete

adulthood ( Pfeiffer & Wierenga, 2019 ). These are considered desirable outcomes in light of the connection of physical activity to obesity, bone density, self-esteem, and other markers of physical and mental health ( Stensel, Gorely, & Biddle, 2008 ). Yet, research on these issues requires much more

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Paige M. Watkins, Elissa Burton and Anne-Marie Hill

care system. Older people are living longer and are more likely to be living with chronic disease (such as Type 2 diabetes) than younger people ( Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2014a , 2014b ). A decline in physical function, increased loss of lean muscle mass, and a deterioration in bone

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Tyler Prochnow, Haley Delgado, Megan S. Patterson and M. Renée Umstattd Meyer

recommended levels of PA is linked to positive health outcomes such as lower blood pressure, higher bone density, lower body fat, and lower risk of diabetes in children. 3 PA has also been associated with improved cognitive functioning. Cognitive benefits include reduced feelings of depression, increased

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Bareket Falk, Panagiota Klentrou, Neil Armstrong, Thomas Rowland and Han C.G. Kemper

osteoporosis in older age. The first pediatric study in this area was cross sectional and demonstrated that adolescent athletes involved in high-impact type of training, that is, volleyball and basketball, had greater bone density than those involved in nonimpact training, that is, swimming ( 47 ). This study