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Samuel R. Nyman

Falls among older adults have been researched since the 1940s and are internationally recognized as a public health issue ( Speechley, 2011 ; World Health Organization, 2007 ). For community-dwelling adults aged 65 and above, approximately one in three fall each year, and this frequency increases

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Mark A. Tully, Ilona I. McMullan, Nicole E. Blackburn, Jason J. Wilson, Laura Coll-Planas, Manuela Deidda, Paolo Caserotti, Dietrich Rothenbacher and on behalf of the SITLESS group

socially isolated community-dwelling older adults ( Pels & Kleinert, 2016 ; Robins, Jansons, & Haines, 2016 ; Schvedko et al., 2018 ). Additionally, the use of objective PA measures, such as accelerometery, that provide a more accurate measure of overall PA levels, as well as an understanding of the PA

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Susan J. Leach, Joyce R. Maring and Ellen Costello

included: balance tests, strength, endurance, and unpracticed functional outcomes. Methods Participants and Ethical Approval Community-dwelling healthy older adults aged 65 years and older living in a midsized North Carolina town were recruited through fliers, e-mails, telephone calls, and word of mouth

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Amy E. Burton, Louise Clancy and Lisa Cowap

-term care institutions has indicated that dependency can result from social interaction rather than from physical or functional decline ( Baltes, Neumann, & Zank, 1994 ; Baltes & Wahl, 1996 ). In this study participant accounts indicated that, for community-dwelling older adults with sight loss, this

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Nathan F. Johnson, Chloe Hutchinson, Kaitlyn Hargett, Kyle Kosik and Phillip Gribble

community-dwelling older adults. The timed up and go (TUG) and 5 times sit-to-stand (5×STS) scores are 2 of the 3 most evidence-supported performance-based measures for assessing fall risk in community-based older adults. 3 TUG performance is predictive of fall history and future falls in older adults. 18

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Brian M. Moore, Joseph T. Adams, Sallie Willcox and Joseph Nicholson

active treatment approaches in improving reactive postural responses in community-dwelling older adults. By conducting a comprehensive search for randomized controlled trials that have investigated reactive postural responses as a primary outcome following completion of an active training program, this

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Gina M. McCaskill, Olivio J. Clay, Peng Li, Richard E. Kennedy, Kathryn L. Burgio and Cynthia J. Brown

Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging (SOA). Furthermore, we examined the data for racial differences on all-cause mortality. Methods Study Design and Participants The UAB SOA was a longitudinal 8.5 years investigation that examined racial differences in mobility in a sample of Black and White community-dwelling

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Claudia Meyer, Sophie Hill, Keith D. Hill and Briony Dow

collated in the most recent Cochrane systematic review of falls prevention interventions for community-dwelling older adults ( Gillespie et al., 2012 ) and the 2011 American/British Geriatrics Society guidelines ( Drootin, 2011 ). For people with dementia, there is a small, but growing body of work

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Kun Liang

( Liang, 2012 , 2014a , 2014b , 2015 ; Ying & Yao, 2010 ). This is the first study to determine the longitudinal association between age identity and physical functioning among urban community-dwelling Chinese older adults using data from a cohort of 5,788 participants. The theoretical framework for

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Stephen Harvey, Chris Rissel and Mirjam Pijnappels

factor ( Lajoie & Gallagher, 2004 ). A common tool used to assess this is the activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale, which has demonstrated a strong relationship with falls in community-dwelling older adults ( Schepens, Golberg, & Wallace, 2010 ). van Heuvelen et al. ( 2005 ) indicated that