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Jennifer Ostrowski, Angelina Purchio, Maria Beck and JoLynn Leisinger

skin temperature decreases are inappropriate. Some previous studies examining muscle temperature decreases with cryotherapy modalities have also measured skin temperature and have found no significant correlation between muscle and skin temperatures. 16 , 19 , 24 The use of constant external

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Shohei Shibata, Yuki Inaba, Shinsuke Yoshioka and Senshi Fukashiro

the hand segment. Thus, in the conventional model, the position of the COM of the hand segment was set between the wrist joint center and ball center. Cross-Correlation Analysis To examine the similarity between the wrist joint torque and finger joint torque, a cross-correlation function was used. The

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Erika D. Van Dyke, Judy L. Van Raalte, Elizabeth M. Mullin and Britton W. Brewer

(CWI; Kakkos & Zervas, 1993 ) were used to test the convergent validity of the S-TQ ( Zervas et al., 2007 ), whereas the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (SDS; Reynolds, 1982 ) was used to test the discriminant validity of the instrument. Based on the results of correlational analyses, the

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Miranda J. Menaspà, Paolo Menaspà, Sally A. Clark and Maurizio Fanchini

were analyzed after log transformation to reduce bias due to nonuniformity error. The individual relationships between s-RPE and both Banister TRIMP and Edwards’ method were analyzed using Pearson’s product moment correlation and 90% confidence intervals. The magnitude of the correlations was

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Matheus Lima Oliveira, Isabela Christina Ferreira, Kariny Realino Ferreira, Gabriela Silveira-Nunes, Michelle Almeida Barbosa and Alexandre Carvalho Barbosa

-way random effects, absolute agreement, single-rater/measurement intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC 1,1 ) were calculated to assess the reliability between results from both equipments. The Cronbach alpha test was used to assess the expected correlation of both equipments measuring the same construct

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Farid Farhani, Hamid Rajabi, Raoof Negaresh, Ajmol Ali, Sadegh Amani Shalamzari and Julien S. Baker

validity, the difference between elite and nonelite players was measured using independent t test, and the nonparametric Mann–Whitney U test was used when parametric assumption (ie, normality) was not fulfilled. Pearson correlation test was used to investigate relationships between variables, and for

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Kai-Yu Ho, Brenda Benson Deaver, Tyrel Nelson and Catherine Turner

legs were combined for each task during analysis. Interrater and intrarater reliability were analyzed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC 3, k ) and standard error of measurement (SEM). ICC values were classified according to the following criteria 5 : poor (<.4), fair (.4–.7), good (.7

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Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo, Vinícius Yan Santos Nascimento, Rafaela Joyce Barbosa Torres, Francis Trombini-Souza, David Behm and Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui

fascia. Specifically, the existence of a continuity between the myofascial oblique muscles and the SA is described. 15 Recently, de Araújo et al 16 verified the existence of a positive correlation between the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the SA and EO during the execution of push-up on different

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Mieko Yokozuka, Chie Miki, Makoto Suzuki and Rieko Katsura

& Inman, 1964 ), and the extrinsic muscles are active in the push-off phase ( Akuzawa, Imai, Iizuka, Matsunaga, & Kaneoka, 2016 ; Péter, Hegyi, Stenroth, Finni, & Cronin, 2015 ) during walking. A correlation between the cross-sectional area of these plantar intrinsic and extrinsic muscles and the value

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Darren Steeves, Leo J. Thornley, Joshua A. Goreham, Matthew J. Jordan, Scott C. Landry and Jonathon R. Fowles

between sessions. Validity A correlational study design was used to assess on-water performance times in relation to the trunk peak isometric force tasks (CORE and SIM absolute and relative scores). Within 1 week following the on-water event, the participants returned to the laboratory to complete the