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Ece Acar, Tamer Çankaya and Serkan Öner

 al., 2015 ). Thus, it is possible to balance the changes in force and direction during movements with the trunk muscles. Therefore, it could be suggested that trunk muscles are required for both the quality and safety of movement. It was reported that there is an increase in trunk muscle activity in

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Adam J. Zemski, Shelley E. Keating, Elizabeth M. Broad and Gary J. Slater

strength of association was stronger among forwards ( r  = .63) compared with backs ( r  = .38). The standard error of the estimate for the prediction of change in DXA FFM ranged between 1.3% and 1.6% (Table  2 ). The LMI was able to predict the direction of change (increase or decrease) 74% of the time in

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Peter Francis, Kay Gray and Nic Perrem

further in the anterior direction of the SEBT, no difference in posterior reaches was found when compared to the YBT, suggesting posterior reaches are comparable with existing literature. To the authors’ knowledge there has yet to be a study which assesses the relationship between concentric hip abductor

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Mike Stoker, Ian Maynard, Joanne Butt, Kate Hays and Paul Hughes

investigating the impact of manipulating these two categories of stressors (i.e., demands and consequences) on athletes’ experiences of pressure, heart rate, and anxiety intensity and direction. Specifically, elite netballers performed a shoulder-pass drill while exposed to demand stressors (e

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Tsuyoshi Saida, Masayuki Kawada, Daijiro Kuroki, Yuki Nakai, Takasuke Miyazaki, Ryoji Kiyama and Yasuhiro Tsuneyoshi

) accelerations during gait. The RMS of acceleration at the lumbar area has a strong relationship with gait velocity; thus, we calculated the RMS ratio (RMSR), which is the ratio of the RMS of acceleration in each direction to the total RMS. A previous study reported that the RMSR of ML acceleration of the lumbar

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Renato Claudino, Marcio José dos Santos and Giovana Zarpellon Mazo

fallers, exhibited increased activity of the EO muscles during unexpected lateral perturbations at the shoulder level as compared with young subjects ( Claudino et al., 2013 ). This was associated with increased postural sway (increased postural instability) in mediolateral direction after the disturbance

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Paul F.J. Merkes, Paolo Menaspà and Chris R. Abbiss

by the Verve Cycling InfoCrank power meter. The gradient of the 250-m test section was measured with the Garmin head unit. Cycling velocity, average power output, and road gradient were recorded by the Garmin head unit at 1 Hz. Absolute wind velocity and direction were measured 2 times during every

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Helmi Chaabene, Yassine Negra, Jason Moran, Olaf Prieske, Senda Sammoud, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo and Urs Granacher

Well-developed levels of physical performance (eg, speed, power, change-of-direction [CoD] ability) are crucial for sporting success in handball competition. 1 , 2 It has previously been shown that many handball-specific tasks, such as the block, push, or hit, require high levels of muscle

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Chih-Yen Chang and Tsung-Min Hung

superior performance. This finding is in line with the psychomotor efficiency hypothesis ( Hatfield, 2018 ) and fits the Type 1 performance state of the MAP model ( Bertollo et al., 2016 ). However, the NFT study did not reveal altered Fmθ power during the putting task in the direction the NFT training had

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Guillaume Mornieux, Elmar Weltin, Monika Pauls, Franz Rott and Albert Gollhofer

Lateral movements with changes of direction are common in many team sports such as soccer or handball. During cutting maneuvers, the athlete performs a complex dynamic task by quickly changing their direction of movement while securing their balance. Knee joint control is an essential requirement