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Ricky Camplain, Julie A. Baldwin, Meghan Warren, Carolyn Camplain, Monica R. Lininger and Robert T. Trotter

; however, none of these strategies have been implemented in jails. Physical activity policy reform in the jail setting has important implications for addressing health disparities among those who are incarcerated for extended periods of time—especially as the majority of those individuals serving time in

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Sarah A. Amin, Paula J. Duquesnay, Catherine M. Wright, Kenneth Chui, Christina D. Economos and Jennifer M. Sacheck

-term behaviors ( 26 , 37 , 44 ). Socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in PA ( 6 , 40 ) underscore the need to disentangle the array of factors that affect children’s activity levels. Differences in PAC by SES may be one of the pathways that drive children’s PA potentially through disparities in the complex PA

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Katrina L. Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

, Overall Knowledge of Physical Activity and Dosage, and Awareness of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Currently, less than 25% (24.3%) of adults meet the aerobic and muscle-strengthening physical activity recommendations. 21 However, there are disparities across age, gender, race, education

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Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Joonkoo Yun, Jooyeon Jin, Jeffrey A. McCubbin and Robert W. Motl

People experiencing disability 1 compose a large proportion of the world’s population. Nearly 19% of the population in the United States, or about 57 million people, report living with a disability ( Brault, 2012 ). People living with disability experience health disparities ( Krahn & Fox, 2014

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Lori A. Gano-Overway

, Bladek, Forsythe, Hamel, & McChesney, 2018; Tinius, Ringenberg, & Maples, 2018, this issue) as well as disparities and differences that affect the health, livelihood, and well-being of women (e.g., see Kane & LaVoi, 2018, this issue). Further, many of the same issues that were apparent when the journal

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Claire-Marie Roberts and Jacky Forsyth

showcase of current research on female-specific health and medical issues and opportunities arising from women’s participation in sport and exercise. Aside from these common themes, the conference sought to kickstart a redressing of the gender disparity of participants in sport and exercise science

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Maureen R. Weiss

groundbreaking work in this area. The first three articles in this section specifically address physical activity trends, disparities, and interventions for African American and Latino children and youth, two populations that show lower levels and steeper declines in physical activity over the childhood years

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Kara D. Denstel, Kim Beals, Jordan Carlson, Scott E. Crouter, Thomas L. McKenzie, Russell R. Pate, Susan B. Sisson, Amanda E. Staiano, Heidi Stanish, Dianne S. Ward, Melicia Whitt-Glover and Carly Wright

Report). 1 Approximately 37% of 6-12 year old children reported playing a team sport (organized or unorganized) on a regular basis (State of Play 2017 Report). 1 There is a significant socioeconomic disparity in sport participation: approximately 12% of children from high-income households (≥$100

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Shannon S. C. Herrick and Lindsay R. Duncan

explore the intersection of gender, sport, and aggression among participants in a recreational boxing program developed for cis- and transgender women survivors of violence. VanKim et al 48 investigated weight and disparities in weight-related behavior among transgender students and found that compared

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Xiaoxia Zhang, Xiangli Gu, Tao Zhang, Priscila Caçola and Jing Wang

’s fitness and fatness in terms of ethnicity, which may inform the design of interventions to address ethnic disparity in fitness promotion and obesity prevention in early childhood. According to the most recent national recommendation for movement behaviors, school-aged children should accumulate at least