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Thomas Finkenzeller, Sabine Würth, Michael Doppelmayr and Günter Amesberger

impact of physical load on motivational aspects that could have an indirect effect on cognitive performance. Limitations Several limitations have to be taken into account. First, the mixed within- and between-subject design consisting of single- and dual-task blocks through the combination of cognitive

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Femke van Abswoude, John van der Kamp and Bert Steenbergen

shown to improve motor skills when working memory is loaded with a cognitively demanding secondary task ( Masters, 1992 ). The dual-task practice, however, led to a reduction in the number of movement-related rules that learners reported compared with participants who practiced without this secondary

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Jón Gregersen, Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Evangelos Galanis, Nikos Comoutos and Athanasios Papaioannou

ego depletion has typically been examined using a so-called dual-task paradigm , with a subsequent self-control demanding task being performed immediately after the completion of an initial self-control demanding task. This dual-task paradigm has found to lead to a decrease in performance in the

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Margina Ruiter, Charly Eielts, Sofie Loyens and Fred Paas

attention, cognitive control, and processing speed. 41 , 49 – 52 In contrast, a recent workplace study that used 2 familiarization exposure sessions to the cycling task and cognitive tasks to deal with potential dual-task effects did find an improved response speed across a Stroop task in the cycling

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Pai-Yun Cheng, Hsiao-Feng Chieh, Chien-Ju Lin, Hsiu-Yun Hsu, Jia-Jin J. Chen, Li-Chieh Kuo and Fong-Chin Su

muscle activation might correspond to the activity in the motor-related area of the brain. Moreover, prior studies have found that the cortical hemodynamic response in motor tasks may be altered with aging as older adults have been found to show higher cortical activation over the PFC in dual tasks than

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Fabiana Rodrigues Osti, Caroline Ribeiro de Souza and Luis Augusto Teixeira

, M. , Mally , F. , Litzenberger , S. , & Sabo , A. ( 2013 b). Activity of trunk and leg muscles during stand up paddle surfing . Procedia Engineering, 60 , 57 – 61 . doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2013.07.031 10.1016/j.proeng.2013.07.031 Song , G.B. , & Park , E.C. ( 2015 ). Effect of dual

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Seung-uk Ko, Gerald J. Jerome, Eleanor M. Simonsick, Stephanie Studenski and Luigi Ferrucci

.R. , & Close , J.C. ( 2013 ). Gait parameter risk factors for falls under simple and dual task conditions in cognitively impaired older people . Gait and Posture, 37 ( 1 ), 126 – 130 . PubMed ID: 22832468 doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.06.024 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.06.024 Thaler-Kall , K. , Peters , A

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Elizabeth L. Stegemöller, Joshua R. Tatz, Alison Warnecke, Paul Hibbing, Brandon Bates and Andrew Zaman

in Parkinson’s disease: The effect of a 13-week feasibility study on single and dual task walking . Parkinson’s Disease, 2010 , 483530 . PubMed doi:10.4061/2010/483530 Foster , E.R. , Golden , L. , Duncan , R.P. , & Earhart , G.M. ( 2013 ). Community-based Argentine tango dance program

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Takuma Hoshiba, Hiroki Nakata, Yasuaki Saho, Kazuyuki Kanosue and Toru Fukubayashi

practice trials was randomized and counterbalanced across all subjects, the order of the tasks was the position-reproducing task (single task) and the position-matching task (dual task) for each subject in terms of difficulty of task. This allowed subjects to understand what they needed to do to perform

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Rob van der Straaten, Oren Tirosh, William A. (Tony) Sparrow and Rezaul Begg

. Variability in the foot-ground clearance and step timing of young and older men during single-task and dual-task treadmill walking . Gait Posture . 2008 ; 28 : 563 – 567 . PubMed ID: 18486476 doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.03.013 9. Tirosh O , Cambell A , Begg RK , Sparrow WA . Biofeedback