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Takehide Kimura and Ryouta Matsuura

have been influenced, to a greater degree, by visual WM function than by auditory WM function. Spiegel, Koester, and Schack ( 2013 ) showed that motor task performance, comprising grasping a sphere, was impaired by a cognitive task that required the maintenance of visual information and its

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John J. Reilly, Adrienne R. Hughes, Xanne Janssen, Kathryn R. Hesketh, Sonia Livingstone, Catherine Hill, Ruth Kipping, Catherine E. Draper, Anthony D. Okely and Anne Martin

.g., crawling. For infants not yet mobile, this includes at least 30 minutes of tummy time a spread throughout the day while awake (and other movements such as reaching and grasping, pushing and pulling) ; more is better.  • Minimising the amount of time restrained (e.g., in a pram or high chair). Screen time is

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Raimey Olthuis, John van der Kamp, Koen Lemmink and Simone Caljouw

more heavily on allocentric information has primarily been evidenced in laboratory studies using active marker motion capture systems to track reaching/grasping and pointing movements ( Krigolson, Clark, Heath, & Binsted, 2007 ; Krigolson & Heath, 2004 ; Obhi & Goodale, 2005 ; Westwood, Heath, & Roy

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Niranjan Chakrabhavi and Varadhan SKM

caused due to mechanical and neural mechanisms in extrinsic muscles of the hand. 2 , 4 , 7 , 22 – 24 Most common activities such as grasping, typing, or writing extensively employ wrist movements in the given range. These activities would require the hand to maintain its dexterity across the wrist

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Dawn T. Gulick

size of the patient’s limb to that of the clinician’s hand can make translating the tibia on the femur very difficult. In addition, detecting millimeters of excessive translation while firmly grasping the limb can be difficult. Magnetic resonance imaging is often used for ACL injury diagnosis. 3 These

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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Antonio J. Molina, Vicente Martin, Tania Fernández-Villa, Jose M. Cancela and Carlos Ayan

and grasping reactions. 30-min sessions. F: 3 day/week. CG: Stretching exercises and passive muscular relaxation. 30-min sessions, 3 day/week, 7–9 exercises held for 15 s, involving the full body and half performed in a sitting position. F: 3 day/week. Combined balance and gait:  − F of stepping

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David I. Anderson

, Goffinet, & Barbu-Roth, in press ). These are beautiful illustrations of the multimodal nature of perception and action and are quite extraordinary because they show just how early in development responsiveness to multimodal stimulation emerges. The Complexity of Reaching, Grasping, and Manipulating

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Victoria Galea, Robyn Traynor and Michael Pierrynowski

to a metronome set at 60 beats/min. Using this, pacing rate was slow enough to allow the children to release each object before grasping the next one. Visual observation of the children performing this task assured us that this was occurring. Participants reached for and transported objects in time

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Shohei Shibata, Yuki Inaba, Shinsuke Yoshioka and Senshi Fukashiro

voluntary wrist motion affects the precision of grip force because extrinsic finger muscles cross the wrist. They found that during wrist flexion movement when grasping an object, the timing of initial peak in grip force roughly coincided with the timing of peak wrist acceleration. They explained that

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Pai-Yun Cheng, Hsiao-Feng Chieh, Chien-Ju Lin, Hsiu-Yun Hsu, Jia-Jin J. Chen, Li-Chieh Kuo and Fong-Chin Su

-muscle function and activity restriction in elderly . International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 32 ( 3 ), 213 – 218 . PubMed ID: 19293723 doi:10.1097/MRR.0b013e3283298226 10.1097/MRR.0b013e3283298226 Kashou , N.H. , Giacherio , B.M. , Nahhas , R.W. , & Jadcherla , S.R. ( 2016 ). Hand-grasping