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Jennifer K. Sansom and Beverly D. Ulrich

, & Roebroeck, 2008 ; Quan, Adams, Ekmark, & Baum, 1998 ; Valtonen et al., 2006 ). Thus, maintaining or improving energy-efficient independent ambulation in childhood for people with MMC may promote maintenance of independence during social and physical activities while decreasing the incidence and severity

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David A. Urquhart, Gordon A. Bloom and Todd M. Loughead

ownership with the team’s goals. Moreover, Henry and Smith created an autonomy-supportive environment that promoted players showing initiative and independence by providing feedback in a noncontrolling manner (e.g.,  Mallett, 2005 ). Furthermore, their vision incorporated an expectation of excellence that

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K. Andrew R. Richards, Wesley J. Wilson, Steven K. Holland and Justin A. Haegele

measurement error and should be ≥.50 ( Fornell & Larcker, 1981 ). Discriminant validity is used to understand the independence of constructs in the model through examination of the latent correlations. Specifically, AVE for each construct in the model is compared with the correlations

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French and Kevin A. Becker

functional outcomes. Exercise may be used to prevent, mitigate, or treat chronic diseases associated with aging ( Ciolac, 2013 ). In healthy older adults, regular physical activity can help maintain fitness and preserve independence ( Nelson et al., 2007 ). In those with PD, regular aerobic exercise may

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Donna L. Goodwin and Amanda Ebert

existence of humans. Broadening our gage for success from autonomy and independence to the interdependence gained through social relationships clarifies the power structures that restrict or provide genuine opportunities for choice and meaningful self-direction in physical activity contexts ( MacDonald

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Paul Garner, Jennifer Turnnidge, Will Roberts and Jean Côté

; it promotes learner independence, problem solving, and understanding, and is therefore an ideal delivery mode to prepare developing coaches for the rigors of assessment and the complexity of real-world travails. Equally, idealized influence is more aligned with the role of coach developer and sets

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Justin A. Haegele, Samuel R. Hodge, Xihe Zhu, Steven K. Holland and Wesley J. Wilson

interview notes using a theoretical thematic analysis approach ( Braun & Clarke, 2006 ). Thematic analysis was selected because of its flexible characteristics, independence of specific theory or epistemology, and ability to provide a rich and detailed account of qualitative data ( Braun & Clarke, 2006

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Kassi A. Boyd and Donna L. Goodwin

.’” The social, cultural, and political rules that govern public washroom etiquette, specific to age, gender, and independence, can become exclusive to families with children who require extra support. Dad also reported experiencing discomfort when people at the community water slide questioned his

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Rachael C. Stone, Shane N. Sweet, Marie-Josée Perrier, Tara MacDonald, Kathleen A. Martin Ginis and Amy E. Latimer-Cheung

perceived status and competition . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82 ( 6 ), 878 – 902 . PubMed ID: 12051578 doi:10.1037/0022-3514.82.6.878 10.1037/0022-3514.82.6.878 Gainforth , H.L. , O’Malley , D. , & Mountenay , T. , & Latimer-Cheung , A. ( 2013 ). Independence and physical

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Katherine Holland, Justin A. Haegele and Xihe Zhu

experience unique obstacles that may influence them to not fully engage in these PE classes ( Goodwin, 2001 ; Haegele & Sutherland, 2015 ). For example, negative experiences often arise from feelings of a loss of independence or self-esteem due to perceptions of incompetent or interfering help ( Goodwin