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Adam R. Jajtner, Jay R. Hoffman, Adam M. Gonzalez, Phillip R. Worts, Maren S. Fragala and Jeffrey R. Stout

Context:

Resistance training is a common form of exercise for competitive and recreational athletes. Enhancing recovery from resistance training may improve the muscle-remodeling processes, stimulating a faster return to peak performance.

Objective:

To examine the effects of 2 different recovery modalities, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and cold-water immersion (CWI), on performance and biochemical and ultrasonographic measures.

Participants:

Thirty resistance-trained men (23.1 ± 2.9 y, 175.2 ± 7.1 cm, 82.1 ± 8.4 kg) were randomly assigned to NMES, CWI, or control (CON).

Design and Setting:

All participants completed a high-volume lower-body resistance-training workout on d 1 and returned to the human performance laboratory 24 (24H) and 48 h (48H) postexercise for follow-up testing.

Measures:

Blood samples were obtained preexercise (PRE) and immediately (IP), 30 min (30P), 24 h (24H), and 48 h (48H) post. Subjects were examined for performance changes in the squat exercise (total repetitions and average power per repetition), biomarkers of inflammation, and changes in cross-sectional area and echo intensity (EI) of the rectus femoris (RF) and vastus lateralis muscles.

Results:

No differences between groups were observed in the number of repetitions (P = .250; power: P = .663). Inferential-based analysis indicated that increases in C-reactive protein concentrations were likely increased by a greater magnitude after CWI compared with CON, while NMES possibly decreased more than CON from IP to 24H. Increases in interleukin-10 concentrations between IP and 30P were likely greater in CWI than NMES but not different from CON. Inferential-based analysis of RF EI indicated a likely decrease for CWI between IP and 48H. No other differences between groups were noted in any other muscle-architecture measures.

Conclusions:

Results indicated that CWI induced greater increases in pro- and anti-inflammatory markers, while decreasing RF EI, suggesting that CWI may be effective in enhancing short-term muscle recovery after high-volume bouts of resistance exercise.

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Rebecca Quinlan and Jessica A. Hill

desirable. Tart cherry juice (TCJ) supplementation is growing in popularity; due to claims, it can aid recovery following damaging exercise due to its potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. 3 TCJ contains high concentrations of phytochemicals, including anthocyanins and flavonoids. 4

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Jordan D. Philpott, Chris Donnelly, Ian H. Walshe, Elizabeth E. MacKinley, James Dick, Stuart D.R. Galloway, Kevin D. Tipton and Oliver C. Witard

repair of damaged muscle fibers following eccentric-based exercise, a number of interventions have been explored, including cold water immersion ( Paddon-Jones & Quigley, 1997 ), massage ( Hilbert et al., 2003 ), foam rolling ( MacDonald et al., 2014 ), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( Baldwin

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Stephan R. Fisher, Justin H. Rigby, Joni A. Mettler and Kevin W. McCurdy

times and reducing muscle fatigue limiting postexercise strength losses. 1 After intense exercise, PBMT confines the degree of exercise-induced muscle damage, limiting the need for a large inflammatory process. 2 It also reduces patient-reported muscle soreness, modulates growth factors and myogenic

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Will Abbott, Callum Brashill, Adam Brett and Tom Clifford

It is well established that strenuous exercise can cause damage to the skeletal muscle fibers and surrounding extracellular matrix. 1 , 2 Such damage initiates an acute inflammatory response, characterized by the migration of phagocytic immune cells to the affected fibers. 1 – 3 Although the role

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Stephen M. Cornish, Jeremie E. Chase, Eric M. Bugera and Gordon G. Giesbrecht

advertisement for study participants in the local newspaper. Participants were excluded from the study if they (a) had consumed any anti-inflammatory medication (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin, or other immunosuppressive medication) within the past month; (b) were diagnosed with an inflammatory

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Vincenzo Ricci and Levent Özçakar

interscapular region for the last 3 weeks. The pain had appeared the day after a deep massage session in a wellness center. He denied any major sport trauma and declared that oral anti-inflammatory drugs had been partially effective. Clinical Examination Physical examination revealed intense pain in the right

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Dietrich Rothenbacher, Dhayana Dallmeier, Michael D. Denkinger, Bernhard O. Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Jochen Klenk and ActiFE Study Group

active subjects have a lower risk for a variety of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, cancer, and others ( Nelson et al., 2007 ; “ Physical Activity Guidelines,” 2009 ). PA has many positive effects with respect to cardiometabolic pathways and anti-inflammatory processes in

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Kyle Southall, Matt Price and Courtney Wisler

maintaining elbow ROM as well as keeping continuous compression. Additionally, the team physician prescribed the use a topical anti-inflammatory and oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Two weeks after the initial injury the athlete had another visit with the treating physician because the

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Gabriella Berwig Möller, Maria Júlia Vieira da Cunha Goulart, Bruna Bellincanta Nicoletto, Fernanda Donner Alves and Cláudia Dornelles Schneider

). Lactobacillus , Bifidobacterium , and Saccharomyces are some bacterial genera that are actively used as probiotics ( Azad et al., 2018 ; Kerry et al., 2018 ). Several beneficial effects have been attributed to probiotics. They were previously linked to antipathogenic, antidiabetic, antiobesity, anti-inflammatory