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Trisha Patel and Neeru Jayanthi

beneficial than specializing in one sport, as specialization increased injury risk. One father stated, “Unfortunately [specialization] is the trend…[and] probably leads to injuries because you have so much overuse of the same muscles and the same kind of activity.” Another mother likened early specialization

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Christopher Rosimus

A squash player’s ability to perform high-intensity variable movements is a key determinant of success at the elite level ( Wilkinson et al., 2012 ). The body composition of a squash player may affect performance as carrying excessive body fat may increase injury risk and impair agility and speed

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Scott R. Brown, Erin R. Feldman, Matt R. Cross, Eric R. Helms, Bruno Marrier, Pierre Samozino and Jean-Benoît Morin

rehabilitation programming can affectively decrease F H asymmetry between legs 7 ; therefore, a physiotherapist might focus on improving the strength of the weak leg relative to the strong leg, to decrease asymmetry and potentially reduce injury risk (eg, hamstring tear). 3 Hip extension strength has also

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Emily E. Gerstle, Kristian O’Connor, Kevin G. Keenan and Stephen C. Cobb

likelihood of a misstep or fall during the transition step. In addition to the ankle, knee, and hip kinematics, the landing strategy and distal foot kinematics may be important factors in determining injury risk associated with transition step negotiation. Foot strike patterns or step landing strategies have

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Jeremiah Tate, Hanna True, Barry Dale and Carrie Baker

The high rate of ACL injury has led to the need for large-scale injury risk screening to aid in prevention. Cost and time alternatives to three-dimensional assessments of knee injury risk factors are necessary for largescale, clinical use. The purpose of this study was to determine the expert versus novice interrater reliability and test-retest reliability of the frontal plane projection angle (FPPA) during the single-leg squat (SLS) test. Excellent interrater reliability was demonstrated for session 1 and session 2. Excellent intrarater (i.e., test-retest) reliability was demonstrated for both the novice and expert. The minimal training requirements and excellent reliability of the FPPA during the SLS test make it a key screening tool for large-scale assessment of injury risk.

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Kirk Krumrei, Molly Flanagan, Josh Bruner and Chris Durall

Clinical Scenario:

Injuries are somewhat commonplace in highly active populations. One strategy for reducing injuries is to identify individuals with an elevated injury risk before participation so that remediative interventions can be provided. Preparticipation screenings have traditionally entailed strength and flexibility measures thought to be indicative of inflated injury risk. Some researchers, however, have suggested that functional movements/tasks should be assessed to help identify individuals with a high risk of future injury. One assessment tool used for this purpose is the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). The FMS generates a numeric score based on performance attributes during 7 dynamic tasks; this score is purported to reflect future injury risk. Expanding interest in the FMS has led researchers to investigate how accurately it can identify individuals with an increased risk of injury.

Focused Clinical Question:

Can the Functional Movement Screen accurately identify highly active individuals with an elevated risk of injury?

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Carl G. Mattacola, Carolina Quintana, Jed Crots, Kimberly I. Tumlin and Stephanie Bonin

reduced. Replacing an impacted helmet likely reduces a rider’s head injury risk when exposed to a subsequent head impact. References 1. Gibson T , Thai K , Saxon J , Pollock R . The effectiveness of safety equipment in horse racing falls . Paper presented at: International Research Council on

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Jonathon R. Staples, Kevin A. Schafer, Matthew V. Smith, John Motley, Mark Halstead, Andrew Blackman, Amanda Haas, Karen Steger-May, Matthew J. Matava, Rick W. Wright and Robert H. Brophy

injury risk: a prospective biomechanical-epidemiologic study . Am J Sports Med . 2007 ; 35 ( 7 ): 1123 – 1130 . PubMed ID: 17468378 doi: 10.1177/0363546507301585 16. Nessler T , Denney L , Sampley J . ACL injury prevention: what does research tell us? Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med . 2017

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Francesco Campa, Federico Spiga and Stefania Toselli

.060582 19553225 10.1136/bjsm.2009.060582 6. Chorba RS , Chorba DJ , Bouillon LE , Overmyer CA , Landis JA . Use of a functional movement screening tool to determine injury risk in female collegiate athletes . N Am J Sports Phys Ther . 2010 ; 5 ( 2 ): 47 – 54 . PubMed ID: 21589661 21589661 7. Cook

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Matthew R. Rhea and Derek Bunker

Baseball demands speed, power, and quickness. To perform at a high level, and avoid injuries that are common among baseball players, an evaluation of current trends in strength and conditioning practices is helpful. Based on the demands of the sport and the injury risks, qualified strength and conditioning professionals can develop effective baseball-specific conditioning programs. This commentary briefly covers historical aspects of baseball conditioning, recent injury trends, current practices among elite baseball professionals, and provides suggestions for future improvements in training.