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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

severity of EDs are underestimated, especially when the athlete is performing well, creating a false sense of health and wellness. In addition, athletes will characteristically work hard to meet the demands of the sport and mask any emerging performance deficiencies. Performance decrements and medical

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Mark Glaister, Colin Towey, Owen Jeffries, Daniel Muniz-Pumares, Paul Foley and Gillian McInnes

the torque factor utilized, the adoption of a pacing strategy masks any effect of caffeine on PPO and, as such, is likely to explain why previous research into the effects of caffeine on 30-second sprints has failed to find an effect. 3 – 8 Indeed, the adoption of subconscious pacing strategies in 30

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Francisco J. Amaro-Gahete, Lucas Jurado-Fasoli, Alejandro R. Triviño, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Alejandro De-la-O, Jørn W. Helge and Jonatan R. Ruiz

data by 2 independent researchers following a validated standard methodology, as previously described. 19 An oronasal mask (model 7400; Hans Rudolph Inc, Kansas City, MO) equipped with a preVent metabolic flow sensor (Medical Graphics Corp, St Paul, MN) was fitted, and breath-by-breath respiratory

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J. Luke Pryor, Brittany Christensen, Catherine G. R. Jackson and Stephanie Moore-Reed

exercise bouts for 10 minutes during which water was provided ad libitum. During the last 2 minutes of each rest period, participants redonned the metabolic cart mask to ensure V ˙ O 2 and HR were within 10% of baseline levels before performing the next exercise bout. Statistical Analysis Descriptive

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Nathan F. Meier, Yang Bai, Chong Wang and Duck-chul Lee

.B. ( 2000 ). Weight stability masks sarcopenia in elderly men and women . American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism, 279 ( 2 ), E366 – E375 . PubMed ID: 10913037 doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.2000.279.2.E366 Gallagher , D , Visser , M. , De Meersman , R.E. , Sepúlveda , D

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Hardeep Singh, Mark Lee, Matthew J. Solomito, Christian Merrill and Carl Nissen

, or soccer. 3 , 4 , 10 – 13 One explanation for the diverse presentation may be that primary lumbar extension exists in a variety of athletic movements but is not recognized, as the necessarily complex spine motion of sport masks lumbar extension. Baseball pitching is an extremely intricate motion

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Cindy N. Nguyen, Reuben N. Clements, Lucas A. Porter, Nicole E. Clements, Matthew D. Gray, Dustin J. Killian and Russell T. Baker

which could mask impairment in a concussed individual. As is the case in most studies, multiple limitations were present in our study. We were unable to control for many factors including diet, sleep patterns, or activity levels of participants on testing days. While it is possible these issues could

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Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Dagmar Sigmundová, Lilly Augustine, Mariane Sentenac, Pauli Rintala and Jo Inchley

reporting on levels of PA, the practice used in this study was replicated from Sallis et al. ( 2016 ), which considered young people as active only if they achieved at least 60 min of MPVA daily, in line with current international policy recommendations. However, this may inadvertently mask differences

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Matthew J. Barlow, Antonis Elia, Oliver M. Shannon, Angeliki Zacharogianni and Angelica Lodin-Sundstrom

’s instructions, was used to assess the effects of NO 3 − supplementation on pulmonary oxygen uptake ( V ˙ O 2 ) during breath-holds. Expired air was collected in the final-minute preapnea and the first-minute postapnea, through a face mask (Hans Rudolph, Inc., Shawnee, KS) attached to the gas analysis system

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Caroline Lisee, Tom Birchmeier, Arthur Yan, Brent Geers, Kaitlin O’Hagan, Callum Davis and Christopher Kuenze

assessments focus on bilateral landing tasks. 6 , 9 Although both single- and double-leg landings are important to consider, double-leg landing tasks often mask compensations that an individuals may use to protect or support the injured limb. Single-leg landing tasks demonstrate greater vGRF compared with