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Stacy N. Scott, Cary M. Springer, Jennifer F. Oody, Michael S. McClanahan, Brittany D. Wiseman, Tyler J. Kybartas and Dawn P. Coe

for gas flow and volume. Subjects were fitted with a Hans Rudolph (8900 series mask; Hans Rudolph Inc, Shawnee, KS) and vest containing the portable device. Two of the following criteria had to be met to determine if peak effort was achieved: (1) peak heart rate (HR peak ) ≥195 beats per minute; (2

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Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Edited by Kim Gammage

incidences of mental illness in the general population. These studies, though, suffer from several limitations that include a limited sample size and a lack of matched comparison groups that may mask adverse effects. It remains unknown, then, whether athletes are better adjusted than their age- and sex

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Barıs Seven, Gamze Cobanoglu, Deran Oskay and Nevin Atalay-Guzel

concentric mode and at 90°/s eccentric mode. In addition, for each wrist, the peak torque rates for unilateral extension/flexion were calculated at both angular velocities. Wrist proprioception was evaluated as active joint position sense (AJPS). To prevent visual input, all subjects wore eye masks during

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Kimberly A. Clevenger, Karin A. Pfeiffer and Cheryl A. Howe

participants were allowed to remove the mask. Participants played the exact same games at each visit (PMU and no PMU), with the same rules used for the traditional children’s games and starting at the same difficulty level for active video games. Physical Activity Level and Enjoyment At both visits

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Francisco J. Amaro-Gahete, Lucas Jurado-Fasoli, Alejandro R. Triviño, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Alejandro De-la-O, Jørn W. Helge and Jonatan R. Ruiz

data by 2 independent researchers following a validated standard methodology, as previously described. 19 An oronasal mask (model 7400; Hans Rudolph Inc, Kansas City, MO) equipped with a preVent metabolic flow sensor (Medical Graphics Corp, St Paul, MN) was fitted, and breath-by-breath respiratory

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Cindy N. Nguyen, Reuben N. Clements, Lucas A. Porter, Nicole E. Clements, Matthew D. Gray, Dustin J. Killian and Russell T. Baker

which could mask impairment in a concussed individual. As is the case in most studies, multiple limitations were present in our study. We were unable to control for many factors including diet, sleep patterns, or activity levels of participants on testing days. While it is possible these issues could

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Mark Glaister, Colin Towey, Owen Jeffries, Daniel Muniz-Pumares, Paul Foley and Gillian McInnes

the torque factor utilized, the adoption of a pacing strategy masks any effect of caffeine on PPO and, as such, is likely to explain why previous research into the effects of caffeine on 30-second sprints has failed to find an effect. 3 – 8 Indeed, the adoption of subconscious pacing strategies in 30

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Nathan F. Meier, Yang Bai, Chong Wang and Duck-chul Lee

.B. ( 2000 ). Weight stability masks sarcopenia in elderly men and women . American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism, 279 ( 2 ), E366 – E375 . PubMed ID: 10913037 doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.2000.279.2.E366 Gallagher , D , Visser , M. , De Meersman , R.E. , Sepúlveda , D

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Casey Mace Firebaugh, Simon Moyes, Santosh Jatrana, Anna Rolleston and Ngaire Kerse

health among older people are limited by combining age and sex data of all ages over 65 years to increase the number of people and deaths in each group. Although such research has made a major contribution to literature, aggregating all ages over 65 years may mask significant differences or a possible

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J. Luke Pryor, Brittany Christensen, Catherine G. R. Jackson and Stephanie Moore-Reed

exercise bouts for 10 minutes during which water was provided ad libitum. During the last 2 minutes of each rest period, participants redonned the metabolic cart mask to ensure V ˙ O 2 and HR were within 10% of baseline levels before performing the next exercise bout. Statistical Analysis Descriptive