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Petros G. Botonis, Ioannis Malliaros, Gavriil G. Arsoniadis, Theodoros I. Platanou and Argyris G. Toubekis

A , Sakaguchi Y , Kitagawa K . A method for determining critical swimming velocity . Int J Sports Med . 2009 ; 30 : 119 – 123 . PubMed ID: 19023845 doi:10.1055/s-2008-1039164 10.1055/s-2008-1039164 19023845 13. Toubekis AG , Tokmakidis SP . Metabolic responses at various intensities

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Norihide Sugisaki, Kai Kobayashi, Hiroyasu Tsuchie and Hiroaki Kanehisa

. Biomechanics of sprint running: a review . Sports Med . 1992 ; 13 ( 6 ): 376 – 392 . PubMed doi:10.2165/00007256-199213060-00002 10.2165/00007256-199213060-00002 29. Spencer M , Bishop D , Dawson B , Goodman C . Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities: specific to

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Pablo Jodra, Raúl Domínguez, Antonio J. Sánchez-Oliver, Pablo Veiga-Herreros and Stephen J. Bailey

effects of NO 3 − supplementation, include improvements in muscle vasodilation and blood flow, 3 metabolic responses, 4 and contractile force. 5 Moreover, it is well documented that type II, fast-twitch skeletal muscle is more hypoxic 3 and acidic 6 compared with type I, slow-twitch muscle during

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Iñigo Mujika

.D. , Lockwood , C. , Dalbo , V.J. , Volek , J. , Kerksick , C.M. ( 2011 ). Ingestion of a high-molecular-weight hydrothermally modified waxy maize starch alters metabolic responses to prolonged exercise in trained cyclists . Nutrition, 27 ( 6 ), 659 – 665 . PubMed ID: 20951003 doi:10.1016/j

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Marni J. Simpson, David G. Jenkins, Aaron T. Scanlan and Vincent G. Kelly

implications . Sports Med . 2004 ; 34 ( 1 ): 49 – 69 . PubMed ID: 14715039 doi: 10.2165/00007256-200434010-00005 14715039 28. Spencer M , Bishop D , Dawson B , Goodman C . Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities . Sports Med . 2005 ; 35 ( 12 ): 1025 – 1044 . PubMed

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Emma L. Sweeney, Daniel J. Peart, Irene Kyza, Thomas Harkes, Jason G. Ellis and Ian H. Walshe

-intensity exercise ( Leiper et al., 2001 ), delaying the absorption of the glucose drink, and therefore, findings may not be comparable between an OGTT and IVGTT. Alternatively, it may be possible that SR alters the metabolic response to exercise. Our findings reflect those by Rynders et al. ( 2014 ), who noted

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Mindy Millard-Stafford, Ann E. Swanson and Matthew T. Wittbrodt

, Sparling PB . Distance running performance and metabolic responses to running in men and women with excess weight experimentally equated . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 1980 ; 12 ( 4 ): 288 – 294 . PubMed doi:10.1249/00005768-198024000-00011 10.1249/00005768-198024000-00011 7421479 21. Sparling PB

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Louise M. Burke, John A. Hawley, Asker Jeukendrup, James P. Morton, Trent Stellingwerff and Ronald J. Maughan

. ( 2008 ). Effect of training in the fasted state on metabolic responses during exercise with carbohydrate intake . Journal of Applied Physiology, 104 ( 4 ), 1045 – 1055 . PubMed ID: 18276898 doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01195.2007 10.1152/japplphysiol.01195.2007 Evans , M. , Cogan , K.E. , & Egan

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Damir Zubac, Drazen Cular and Uros Marusic

and fluid provision on thermoregulatory and metabolic responses to prolonged exercise in a hot environment . J Sports Sci . 2000 ; 2 ( 18 ): 339 – 351 . doi:10.1080/026404100402403 10.1080/026404100402403 33. Cheuvront SN , Kenefick RW . Dehydration: physiology, assessment, and performance

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David Morawetz, Tobias Dünnwald, Martin Faulhaber, Hannes Gatterer, Lukas Höllrigl, Christian Raschner and Wolfgang Schobersberger

related to the fact that we simulated high-altitude conditions in a normobaric hypoxic chamber. Differences in ventilatory and metabolic response between normobaric and hypobaric hypoxia exist. 8 However, the clinical relevance is still discussed. Furthermore, it is difficult to relate the results of our