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Allison J. Nelson, Patrick T. Hall, Katherine R. Saul and Dustin L. Crouch

muscle output that accounts for both muscle size and muscle activation and permits comparison among movements of different durations: E ˙ m = ∑ t i t f a m ( t ) 2 · F o m ( l , l ˙ ) t i − t f . (2) In Equation  2 , a m ( t ) is the muscle activation magnitude as a function of time, t ; and F 0 m

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Brian Killinger, Jakob D. Lauver, Luke Donovan and John Goetschius

training . Muscle Nerve . 2017 ; 56 ( 6 ): E126 – E133 . PubMed ID: 28224640 doi:10.1002/mus.25626 10.1002/mus.25626 28224640 22. Abe T , Kearns CF , Sato Y . Muscle size and strength are increased following walk training with restricted venous blood flow from the leg muscle, Kaatsu

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William Abbott, Adam Brett, Emma Cockburn and Tom Clifford

muscle size and strength in response to resistance training earlier in the day: a preliminary investigation . J Int Soc Sports Nutr . 2018 ; 15 ( 1 ): 24 . PubMed ID: 29764464 doi:10.1186/s12970-018-0228-9 10.1186/s12970-018-0228-9 30. Snijders T , Res PT , Smeets JS , et al . Protein

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Marco Beato, Stuart A. McErlain-Naylor, Israel Halperin and Antonio Dello Iacono

JD , Pozzo M , Tesch PA . Resistance training using eccentric overload induces early adaptations in skeletal muscle size . Eur J Appl Physiol . 2008 ; 102 ( 3 ): 271 – 281 . PubMed ID: 17926060 doi:10.1007/s00421-007-0583-8 17926060 10.1007/s00421-007-0583-8 41. Vicens-Bordas J , Esteve

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Simon Gavanda, Stephan Geisler, Oliver Jan Quittmann and Thorsten Schiffer

mentioned study used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), while this study used ultrasound. Unlike the study with trained women by Bartolomei et al, 25 which found increases in cross-sectional area only in the weekly undulating periodization group for thigh muscle size, this study showed similar increases in

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Kevin McCurdy and John Walker

proximal and distal regions or the medial and lateral regions. Based on the data, greater improvement in strength and muscle size for performance or for rehabilitation purposes may be observed in the proximal-medial and distal-lateral regions of the HM with LC training. Specifically, risk of injury varies

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Ece Acar, Tamer Çankaya and Serkan Öner

, T. , Misaki , J. , Tsuchikane , R. , Tanaka , D. , . . . Isaka , T. ( 2017 ). Applicability of ultrasonography for evaluating trunk muscle size: A pilot study . Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 29 ( 2 ), 245 – 249 . PubMed ID: 28265150 doi:10.1589/jpts.29.245 10.1589/jpts.29

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Scott A. Conger, Alexander H.K. Montoye, Olivia Anderson, Danielle E. Boss and Jeremy A. Steeves

Resistance training (RT) is an important component of exercise programming. In addition to increases in muscular strength and endurance, RT can also be important for maintenance of muscle mass or increasing muscle size as well as for enhancing performance of many activities of daily living

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Francisco Tavares, Martyn Beaven, Júlia Teles, Dane Baker, Phil Healey, Tiaki B. Smith and Matthew Driller

this question, future research investigating the chronic effects of CWI within an athletic population should include measurements of muscle size or markers of hypertrophy simultaneously with measures of performance over a longer period of time (eg, >4 wk). Acknowledgment The results of the current

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Benjamin Drury, Thomas Green, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo and Jason Moran

that maturity status in male youth soccer players influences the outcomes from training programs such as sprinting 15 , 16 and plyometrics, 16 , 17 with changes attributed to differences such as muscle size, coordination, and hormonal profile. 18 Therefore, this study investigated the effects of a