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Heather K. Vincent, Laura A. Zdziarski, Kyle Fallgatter, Giorgio Negron, Cong Chen, Trevor Leavitt, MaryBeth Horodyski, Joseph G. Wasser and Kevin R. Vincent

, handheld bottles restrict natural motion of the control elbow, minimize trunk-to-pelvis crossover, and shift the COM for stability. Partially full bottles introduce a complicating factor of sloshing when moved. Sloshing fluid mass from bottles in the hand or worn at the waist creates momentum forces that

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Deborah A. Jehu, Yves Lajoie and Nicole Paquet

anterior and posterior edges of each obstacle and was used to calculate clearance. An estimate of the displacement of the pelvis center of mass in the medial–lateral direction (displacement of the pelvis ML-COM) was calculated by averaging the medial–lateral displacement of the anterior and posterior

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Billy Chun-Lung So, Calvin Hong-Nin Yuen, Ken Long-Hin Tung, Sheena Lam, Sammy Lan Cheng, Zina Wing-Lam Hung, Rainy Wai-Kwan Leung and Grace Pui-Yuk Szeto

Deep water running research to date has mainly focused on its cardiovascular effects. 2 , 10 Kaneda et al 8 has reported increased obliquus externus abdominis and erector spinae (ES) muscle activity for trunk and pelvis control during DWR compared with walking on land (LW). However, that study did

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Matt Greig

define the pelvis (anterior superior iliac spine, posterior superior iliac spine, and each greater trochanter), each thigh (lateral knee, medial knee, and a plate-mounted 4-marker cluster), each shank (lateral ankle, medial ankle, and plate-mounted 4-marker cluster), and each foot (calcaneus, fifth

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Guillaume Mornieux, Elmar Weltin, Monika Pauls, Franz Rott and Albert Gollhofer

suit that would functionally support the trunk over the pelvis and leg could be a solution to avoid trunk positioning in the opposite direction to the intended movement. Such apparel would work as external trunk stabilizers to improve trunk positioning during various tasks, especially lateral movements

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Emmanuel Jacobs, Ann Hallemans, Jan Gielen, Luc Van den Dries, Annouk Van Moorsel, Jonas Rutgeerts and Nathalie A. Roussel

in pelvis, hip, knee, and ankle (dynamic aspects of the exercise); and the mean joint angular position over the performed step (static/posture during the exercise). A PCA was performed to explore the variance in the selected kinematic variables and to reduce the high number of available parameters. A

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Mastour S. Alshaharani, Everett B. Lohman, Khaled Bahjri, Travis Harp, Mansoor Alameri, Hatem Jaber and Noha S. Daher

all medical care visits attributed to this condition. 2 Females are 2.23 times more likely to be diagnosed with PFPS, 3 and this gender difference is thought to be a result of females having a wider pelvis, which may alter lower-extremity kinematics. It is often referred to as “runner’s knee

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the tennis player was symptom free and her CK levels were normal. a. True b. False 13. According to Southall et al., what anatomic area is a Morel-Lavallée lesion most commonly seen? a. ankle/foot b. elbow/forearm c. knee d. pelvis/hip 14. In this CASE Report, what diagnostic test confirmed the

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Guilherme S. Nunes, Débora Faria Wolf, Daniel Augusto dos Santos, Marcos de Noronha and Fábio Viadanna Serrão

(physiotherapist with 5 y of experience in manual therapy) stood next to the participant, facing the hip to be treated, and stabilized the participant’s pelvis with both hands. A rigid belt was placed on the participant’s inguinal region and around the therapist’s lumbar region (Figure  2 ). From this position

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Peter Francis, Kay Gray and Nic Perrem

in stabilizing the trunk and pelvis. The hip abductors maintain lower limb alignment through reducing accelerations of the center of mass in the sagittal and frontal plane in response to postural perturbations. 3 , 4 Compared to healthy controls, individuals with lower extremity injury such as