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James A. Carson, John K. Petrella, Vanessa Yingling, Mallory R. Marshall, Jenny O and Jennifer J. Sherwood

.B. , Denetclaw , W.F. , Gutiérrez , C.G. , . . .  Okpodu , C.M. ( 2016 ). Improving underrepresented minority student persistence in STEM . CBE—Life Sciences Education, 15 ( 3 ), es5 . PubMed ID: 30183571 10.1187/cbe.16-01-0038 Hernandez , P.R. , Schultz , P. , Estrada , M. , Woodcock , A

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Rob J. Rotunda and Stuart Ryan

. Other factors that may account for psychological benefits of MA participation include the development of a strong sense of group cohesion and identity and attachment to a respected instructor who emphasizes integrity, respect, and persistence. Relationship Between MA Participation and Psychosocial

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You Fu and Ryan D. Burns

-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and social support) may influence individuals’ physical activity participation and persistence via self-regulation behaviors. 8 Literature has suggested that higher self-efficacy leads to greater persistence and better performance in elementary physical education settings. 9 The

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Mariya A. Yukhymenko-Lescroart

goals” (p. 220). The fundamental competencies that are relevant to sportspersonship are motivation oriented on the task, and self-structure oriented on morality. Athletes practicing good sportspersonship exhibit such virtues as fairness, self-control, courage, and persistence. According to Shields and

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

encouraging and information based, as these types have been linked to higher self-esteem, positive affect, persistence, and self-determined motivation. Failing to provide feedback or punishment-oriented feedback decreases these outcomes and may also lead to higher anxiety. Second, feedback should be autonomy

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Shannon Gadbois, Anne Bowker, Linda Rose-Krasnor and Leanne Findlay

coaches) that emphasize building relationships, as well as building skill and putting in effort, are associated with greater enjoyment and persistence in sport (e.g.,  Atkins, Johnson, Force, & Petrie, 2015 ; Stuntz & Weiss, 2009 ). It seems reasonable that these kinds of benefits can arise associated

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Gert-Jan De Muynck, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, Nathalie Aelterman, Leen Haerens and Bart Soenens

; Ryan, Koestner, & Deci, 1991 ). In Search of Intervening Mechanisms: The Role of Psychological Need Satisfaction and Self-Talk The research discussed so far points out that both the valence and style of normative feedback affect athletes’ enjoyment, persistence, and performance. An important gap in

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Leehu Zysberg and Rotem Hemmel

may be an explanatory factor accounting for persistence and effort required to maintain an active lifestyle. Another possible interpretation is that as evidence shows that EI is associated with better stress management, PA may be a tool for managing stress among individuals with higher EI. 23 , 24

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Jian Wang, Bo Shen, Xiaobin Luo, Qingshan Hu and Alex C. Garn

 × 2 achievement goal framework in secondary physical education and revealed that mastery approach, mastery avoidance, and ability-approach goals were positive predictors of effort and persistence, while ability avoidance goals were negative predictors of the same outcomes. Wang, Biddle, and Elliot

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Avelina C. Padin, Charles F. Emery, Michael Vasey and Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser

takes each day, which may be related to factors outside individual control, such as a person’s schedule or work demands. This may be especially true when self-regulation is low, due to deficits in planning, persistence, and the ability to suppress negative impulses. Current Study This study of active