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Jack Thomas Sugden, Daryl Adair, Nico Schulenkorf and Stephen Frawley

Paperbacks . Baulch , B. ( 2011 ). Why poverty persists: Poverty dynamics in Asia and Africa . London, UK : Edward Elgar Publishing . 10.4337/9780857930255 Bishop , R. ( 2011 ). Freeing ourselves from neo-colonial domination in research . New York, NY : Springer . 10.1007/978-94-6091-415-7_1 Briggs

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K. Andrew R. Richards and Victoria N. Shiver

( Geogiadis, 1992 ). His second major book, Beyond Balls and Bats ( Hellison, 1978 ), opened a “new horizon in the practice of physical education” by outlining explicit teaching strategies that aligned with the humanistic philosophy and focused on youth from communities affected by poverty ( Geogiadis, 1992

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

degree; 0, bachelor’s degree or higher), family size-adjusted income-to-poverty ratio (2, less than 300%; 1, 300%–599%; 0, 600% or more), current financial situation (2, worst possible; 1, average; 0, best possible), availability of money to meet basic needs (2, not enough; 1, just enough; 0, more than

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René Revis Shingles

. . . . Once seven of us kids lived in a car with her [his mother] for about a month” ( Oher, 2001 , p. 11). Oher experienced poverty, food insecurity, and housing insecurity including homelessness. If he sprained his ankle while playing football and a home exercise regimen was prescribed, he might not have

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Patrick Abi Nader, Evan Hilberg, John M. Schuna, Deborah H. John and Katherine B. Gunter

least 60 minutes of PA on 5 or more days per week. 3 Many factors contribute to children’s abilities to achieve the recommended PA for health, including where they live. Children residing in rural areas are more likely to be living in poverty, less likely to meet PA guidelines, and are at higher risk

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Erica Pasquini and Melissa Thompson

with which to accomplish the same goals. References Carter , A.D. , & Bloom , G.A. ( 2009 ). Coaching knowledge and success: Going beyond athletic experiences . Journal of Sport Behavior, 32 , 419 – 437 . Coombs , P.H. , & Ahmed , M. ( 1974 ). Attacking rural poverty: How nonformal

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Lauren B. Raine, John R. Biggan, Carol L. Baym, Brian J. Saliba, Neal J. Cohen and Charles H. Hillman

or reduced-price lunch, indicating that over a third of the sample came from households with incomes ≤185% of the poverty line ( 22 ). All participants were recruited at a registration event prior to the start of the sixth-grade school year, where they provided written assent and legal guardians

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Talin Louder, Dennis Dolny and Eadric Bressel

population. Physiological changes in muscle structure and contractile performance are unavoidable consequences of the aging process. 2 – 7 Dynapenia (Greek translation for poverty of strength, power, or force) is a term used to describe age-related loss of muscle function. 5 Structural, neural, and

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MinKyoung Song, Robert F. Corwyn, Robert H. Bradley and Julie C. Lumeng

to an income-to-needs ratio based on federal poverty levels for each family size (ratio of <2.0 is considered low income). 37 Information on whether the mother had a partner/spouse was obtained by interview at ages 9, 11, 12, and 15. Data collection sites were grouped by region of residence at age

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Jeanette Gustat, Christopher E. Anderson and Sandy J. Slater

,531.50–59,942.50)  %Households in poverty, median (IQR) 22.40 (7.70–31.15)  %Nonwhite, median (IQR) 52.91 (3.26–75.67) Abbreviation: IQR, interquartile range. a Opening time, closing time, and playground age group were assessed based on signage present in the playground. We found that the 17 playgrounds with duplicate audits