—oh, little red pills I have, I could have throttled her [laughs]. I said I’m going back on them. . . . I know my calcium and if my calcium gets low, I’m in danger . . . but she said, no you don’t need them anymore, your calcium’s right. (P3, male, intervention group) Reasons for nonadoption of intervention
Emma Renehan, Claudia Meyer, Rohan A. Elliott, Frances Batchelor, Catherine Said, Terry Haines and Dianne Goeman
Ben Serrien, Maggy Goossens and Jean-Pierre Baeyens
: left (red) = year 1, right (blue) = year 2 (see color online). Time = 0 indicates the point of ball impact. Coordination Variability The mean (±SD) of the CV (arbitrary Euclidean distance; dimensionless) at year 1 and 2 were 570.7 (±51.5) and 461.4 (±55.6) for the male participants and 577.8 (± 58
Paddy C. Dempsey, Chuck E. Matthews, S. Ghazaleh Dashti, Aiden R. Doherty, Audrey Bergouignan, Eline H. van Roekel, David W. Dunstan, Nicholas J. Wareham, Thomas E. Yates, Katrien Wijndaele and Brigid M. Lynch
, through potentially similar and distinct pathways to MVPA. Variables are labeled as exposure (green in online; SB), outcome (red in online; chronic disease), mediators (purple in online; M), confounders (white in online; C), or unmeasured confounders (blue in online; U). Theoretical examples of adiposity
David X. Marquez, Robert Wilson, Susan Aguiñaga, Priscilla Vásquez, Louis Fogg, Zhi Yang, JoEllen Wilbur, Susan Hughes and Charles Spanbauer
in conflicting ink colors (e.g., the word “blue” in red ink) and is asked to name the color of the ink rather than the word. The scores were the number of words named correctly in 30 s minus the number of errors, and the number of colors named correctly in 30 s minus the number of errors ( Wilson et
Anthony G. Delli Paoli, Alan L. Smith and Matthew B. Pontifex
participants to identify if the current stimulus matches or does not match a stimulus presented n trials previously ( Carlson et al., 1998 ; Kirchner, 1958 ). Trials contained one of six 3.4 × 3.4-cm uniquely colored shape stimuli (i.e., green circle, red crescent, blue cross, purple star, orange square
Stefanie Hüttermann, Paul R. Ford, A. Mark Williams, Matyas Varga and Nicholas J. Smeeton
of keeping their math accuracy at or above 85% at all times. During recall, a percentage in red was displayed in the upper right-hand corner. Results The total amount of correct responses in which all three tasks were correct (decision-making task, attentional task, and perceptual task) was 35
This research explored people’s expression of parasocial interaction (PSI) on Boston Red Sox pitcher Curt Schilling’s blog, 38pitches.com. A thematic analysis using grounded theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) and constant comparative methodology of 1,337 postings on Schilling’s blog was conducted. Three parasocial aspects emerged from data analysis: identification, admonishment and advice giving, and criticism. The findings of the study provide support for previous research that suggests identification is a PSI component, and given the large presence of admonishment and criticism, the findings extend PSI theory by suggesting that PSI theory must account for and encompass negative relational behaviors. The results also indicate that people’s use of information and communication technologies is reconfiguring parasocial relationships as fans take an active role in soliciting and communicating with professional athletes, subsequently creating more opportunities for PSI to occur.
Lindsey C. McGuire, Yvette M. Ingram, Michael L. Sachs and Ryan T. Tierney
Depression rates in collegiate student-athletes in the literature are varied and inconclusive, and data have only explored depression symptoms utilizing a crosssectional design. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the temporal course of depression symptoms in student-athletes. Student-athletes (N = 93) from a Division II institution completed six administrations of a brief depression symptom screen once every 2 weeks throughout the fall athletic season. Ten (10.8%) student-athletes’ PHQ-9 surveys were red-flagged for moderate to severe depression symptoms at least once throughout the season. A mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed a significant interaction effect for time and sex in depression symptom scores, F(3.69, 335.70) = 10.36, p ≤ .001. The repeated-measures design of this study suggests that there are clinical benefits for screening for depression symptoms in student-athletes at multiple intervals throughout an athletic season.
Chang Wan Woo, Jung Kyu Kim, Cynthia Nichols and Lu Zheng
Numerous studies examining the portrayals of gender, race, and nationality in sports commentary have been conducted through the years; however, comparative analyses of commentaries from different countries have been rare. This study examined commentary from 3 different countries (the U.S., Chinese Taipei, and South Korea) during a Major League Baseball (MLB) World Series. An entertainment theory schema was adopted and the 3 countries were categorized based on dispositional relativity (affiliation) with MLB. Findings indicate that South Korean broadcasts, which had the lowest affiliation with MLB, were biased toward the Boston Red Sox and presented the most evaluative commentaries; U.S. commentaries were generally positive and contained the largest portion of informative comments; and Chinese commentaries were unbiased and also provided a large number of informative comments. This implies that sports games using the same visual images can be framed differently by commentators based on the disposition (affiliation) level of audiences.
Mohammed M. Althomali and Susan J. Leat
were allowed to view through either the distance or near portion of the lens. The Worth 4 dot test of suppression ( Roper-Hall, 2004 ; Worth, 1915 ) was conducted at two distances; 33 cm and 4 m. The participant was asked to wear a pair of glasses with a red filter over the right eye and a green