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Ben Desbrow, Nicholas A. Burd, Mark Tarnopolsky, Daniel R. Moore and Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

the increases associated with growth ( Torun, 2005 ). Despite this, it is important to acknowledge that resting metabolic rate is higher in adolescent athletes than adults, and standard predictive equations often underestimate resting metabolic rate compared with measured (up to 300 kcal/day) rate in

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Kendra R. Todd and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

amount of oxygen consumed (or energy expended) during 1 min at rest and is approximately 3.5 ml VO 2 · kg –1 · min –1 of oxygen for a 70-kg person ( Jette, Sidney, & Blümchen, 1990 ). However, the resting metabolic rate for persons with SCI has been shown to be 14–27% lower than for able

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Aurora de Fátima G.C. Mafra Cabral, Marcelo Medeiros Pinheiro, Charlles H.M. Castro, Marco Túlio De Mello, Sérgio Tufik and Vera Lúcia Szejnfeld

metabolic rate) to yield a score in MET-minutes. A MET-minute is computed by multiplying the MET score by the minutes performed. These following values were used for the analysis of IPAQ data: walking = 3.3 METs, moderate physical activity = 4.0 METs; vigorous physical activity = 8.0 METs. The Baecke

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Neil Armstrong and Jo Welsman

exponents of the resting metabolic rate (RMR) of birds and animals, which he then compares to RMR and V ˙ O 2 max in human adults and children. We recommend Schmidt-Neilsen’s ( 24 ) excellent book to those interested in the importance of animal size but fail to see the direct relevance of “the mean

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Whitney A. Welch, Scott J. Strath, Michael Brondino, Renee Walker and Ann M. Swartz

. PubMed ID: 11414671 doi:10.1055/s-2001-13816 10.1055/s-2001-13816 11414671 15. Welch WA , Strath SJ , Swartz AM . Congruent validity and reliability of two metabolic systems to measure resting metabolic rate . Int J Sports Med . 2015 ; 36 ( 5 ): 414 – 418 . PubMed ID: 25700097 doi:10

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Anna K. Melin, Ida A. Heikura, Adam Tenforde and Margo Mountjoy

; GH = growth hormone; PYY = peptide YY; GLP-1 = glucagon-like peptide-1; RMR = resting metabolic rate. Low Energy Availability Energy availability (EA) reflects the difference in energy intake and exercise energy expenditure in relation to fat-free mass (FFM) ( Loucks, 2014 ). Although studies have

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Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Burke, Kathryn E. Ackerman, Cheri Blauwet, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Bronwen Lundy, Anna Melin, Nanna Meyer, Roberta Sherman, Adam S. Tenforde, Monica Klungland Torstveit and Richard Budgett

all women ( Lieberman et al., 2018 ; Williams et al., 2015 ). In addition, and not withstanding differences across body sizes and pubertal age, it is noted that an EA of 30 kcal/kg/FFM roughly equates to the average resting metabolic rate (RMR) ( Loucks et al., 2011 ). Because LEA has proven robust

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Greg Petrucci Jr., Patty Freedson, Brittany Masteller, Melanna Cox, John Staudenmayer and John Sirard

representative of resting metabolic rate (RMR), while DLW will capture kCal values representative of the movement while bathing. Despite not reporting time-stamped data, the MS has utility as a PA exposure or outcome measure for free-living individuals. During the FL condition of the present study, all PA

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Jana Slaght, Martin Sénéchal and Danielle R. Bouchard

completing the maximal CRF test at the end of phase 1, participants walked on a flat surface to determine their individualized walking cadence at 40% of their VO 2 R ( ACSM, 2013 ). First, 40% of their VO 2 R based on their maximal CRF test result was calculated using the standard resting metabolic rate of 3

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David B. Creel, Leslie M. Schuh, Robert L. Newton Jr, Joseph J. Stote and Brenda M. Cacucci

very hard) on a scale of 6–20. Estimated METs were computed based on treadmill speed and grade. 4 An MET is defined as 3.5-mL O 2 /kg/min and used as an estimate of resting metabolic rate. For instance, a 3-MET activity requires the use of 3 times the oxygen compared with resting metabolism. 18 This