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Brock Laschowski, Naser Mehrabi and John McPhee

skeletal muscles (ie, dynamometry) is invasive and therefore unpractical in sport environments. 3 With modern advancements in computer science, biomechanical modeling presents a viable method of approximating the dynamics of multibody movements. 3 Considering the emergent interests in determining the

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Amy Waters, Elissa Phillips, Derek Panchuk and Andrew Dawson

(Melbourne, Australia) and the Australian Institute of Sport. She is focusing on the interactions and knowledge sharing practices of coaches and sport scientists in the elite sport environment. Andrew Dawson is a senior lecturer and research fellow in Sport Coaching at Victoria University based in Melbourne

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Stewart A. Vella

increases in trait anxiety in young athletes ( Smith, Smoll, & Cumming, 2007 ). The sport environment may play an important role in the psychological and physical stress reactions to competitive environments, with more adaptive motivational climates (i.e., those that focus on learning and effort) associated

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Brock McMullen, Hester L. Henderson, Donna Harp Ziegenfuss and Maria Newton

times were scheduled with athletes in person at a practice or other team function. Focus groups were used as it most resembles a sport environment and allowed the participants an opportunity to share their own thoughts and experiences as well as listen and respond to the thoughts and experiences of

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Krystn Orr, Katherine A. Tamminen, Shane N. Sweet, Jennifer R. Tomasone and Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos

, 2013 ; Stevens et al., 1996 ). There is currently a lack of research on need thwarting among peers in sport, particularly among youth with physical disabilities. It is important to consider both the need-supporting and need-thwarting peer behaviors in sport environments within underrepresented youth

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Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

pressures in a specific sport environment ( Galli, Petrie, Reel, Chatterton, & Baghurst, 2014 ). Weight pressure is an umbrella term that encompasses any perceived pressures to change body weight, shape, size, or appearance in a sport context ( Reel & Gill, 1996 ; Reel, Petrie, SooHoo, & Anderson, 2013

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David P. Hedlund, Carol A. Fletcher, Simon M. Pack and Sean Dahlin

Sport Environments • Rules, Laws and History of the Sport • History of the Sport • Human Development, Age-Related Information, and Disability and Adapted Sport (i.e., Inclusivity) • Physical Literacy (i.e., Agility, Balance, Coordination) • Injuries, Care and Recovery • Legal Responsibilities, Emergency

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Krista Van Slingerland, Natalie Durand-Bush, Poppy DesClouds and Göran Kenttä

 al., 2013 ; Park, Lavallee, & Tod, 2013 ; Putukian, 2016 ; Taylor, Ogilvie, & Lavallee, 2006 ). Evidence shows that athletes’ mental health problems should be addressed by practitioners who understand the competitive sport environment and can interact in this context, as necessary ( Lopez & Levy, 2013

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Brennan Petersen, Mark Eys, Kody Watson and M. Blair Evans

characterized by task interdependence (i.e., working together on a collective task) and/or collective outcome interdependence (i.e., sharing a team outcome). As an ideal representation of a team sport environment, we sought settings featuring both of these interdependencies alongside other ways that members

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Ali Al-Yaaribi and Maria Kavussanu

-Yaaribi et al., 2016 ). Task cohesion We measured task cohesion using the task cohesion subscale of the Youth Sport Environment Questionnaire ( Eys et al., 2009a ). This subscale contains eight items and one spurious negative item to detect invalid responses. Example items are “I like the way we work