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Geraldine Naughton, David Greene, Daniel Courteix and Adam Baxter-Jones

value of weight-supported sports participation. “More is better” does not always apply, and the stage of maturation should be seen at least as a moderating, if not mediating, factor in the dose–response relationship. The American Academy of Pediatrics provides a timely reminder of ongoing concerns for

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Sasha A. Fleary, Robin Mehl and Claudio Nigg

methodologies with a larger sample to explore the extent to which these mechanisms for behavior initiation and maintenance seen in non-Hawaiian youth are generalizable to Hawaiian youth. Furthermore, there may be factors (eg, weather, culture around sports participation, familial obligations) unique to Hawaiian

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Silvia A. González, Camilo A. Triana, Catalina Abaunza, Laura Aldana, Luis F. Arias-Gómez, Jhael Bermúdez, Diana Marina Camargo Lemos, Juan Camilo Cuya, Daniel D. Cohen, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Iván D. Escobar, Karen Lorena Fajardo, Johnattan García, Rocio Gámez, Julia Andrea Gómez, Yaneth Herazo Beltrán, Maria Jose Lizarazo, Oscar Lozano, Paola Andrea Martínez, Mercedes Mora, Diana C. Páez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Maria Isabel Rodríguez, Nubia Ruiz, Gustavo Tovar, Julieth Pilar Uriza and Olga L. Sarmiento

local levels, with the national policies, and establishes specific strategies and goals regarding sports participation, recreational activities and school-based initiatives for the mid and long-term. Additionally, PA has been included for the first time in the National Dietary Guidelines, as an

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Laura S. Kox, P. Paul F.M. Kuijer, Dagmar A.J. Thijssen, Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs, Rick R. van Rijn, Monique H.W. Frings-Dresen and Mario Maas

In the past decades, sports participation has been promoted strongly among children and adolescents. 1 , 2 Beneficial effects include positive societal impact, such as development of social behavior and cognitive functioning, as well as positive impact on cardiovascular risk factors and other

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Claire R. Jenkin, Rochelle M. Eime, Hans Westerbeek and Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen

Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 30 ( 1 ), 19 – 35 . Heo , J. , Culp , B. , Yamada , N. , & Won , Y. ( 2013 ). Promoting successful aging through competitive sports participation: Insights from older adults . Qualitative Health Research, 23 ( 1 ), 105 – 113 . PubMed ID

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Ítalo R. Lemes, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Bruna C. Turi-Lynch, Jamile S. Codogno, Luana C. de Morais, Kelly A.K. Koyama and Henrique L. Monteiro

“no”) and PA. PA was assessed through the Baecke questionnaire. 25 The questionnaire comprises 16 questions scored on a 5-point Likert scale (never, seldom, sometimes, very often, and always), addressing 3 different PA domains: occupational (8 questions), sports participation (1 yes/no question

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Yucui Diao, Cuixiang Dong, Lisa M. Barnett, Isaac Estevan, Jing Li and Liu Ji

motivation, physical activity, and sports participation . Journal of Sports Sciences, 34 ( 21 ), 2027 – 2037 . PubMed doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1149608 10.1080/02640414.2016.1149608 Fox , K.R. , & Corbin , C.B. ( 1989 ). The physical self-perception profile: Development and preliminary validation

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Caterina Pesce, Ilaria Masci, Rosalba Marchetti, Giuseppe Vannozzi and Mirko Schmidt

– β error probability) = .80, α error probability = .05, effect size f  = .33, numerator df  = 2, number of groups = 3, resulting in an optimal sample size of 93. Instruments and Procedures Sport Practice The amount of time devoted to after-school sports participation was evaluated by means of a

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Ana Torres-Costoso, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Asunción Ferri-Morales, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaino and Luis Gracia-Marco

improved skeletal status assessed by QUS was associated with sports participation. Additionally, Yung et al ( 44 ) observed that regular participation in weight-bearing exercise significantly increases QUS parameters. However, the validity of QUS parameters for monitoring bone health in adolescents

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Melinda Forthofer, Marsha Dowda, Jennifer R. O’Neill, Cheryl L. Addy, Samantha McDonald, Lauren Reid and Russell R. Pate

Associations between PA and children’s reports of self-efficacy, 12 , 13 barriers to PA, 12 parental support for PA, and peer support for PA 12 , 14 may be moderated by gender. Children’s sports participation has been associated with MVPA levels, 15 which may contribute to girls’ declines in MVPA during