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Mary Emily Littrell, Young-Hui Chang and Brian P. Selgrade

Kinovea, a meter stick served as a calibrated length to convert marker positions to meters. We analyzed Vicon and force platform data from heel strike to toe off for each trial in the same manner as the Kinovea data. We time normalized all data to 101 points/stance phase and calculated differences and

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Mostafa Yaghoubi, Philip W. Fink, Wyatt H. Page, Ali Heydari and Sarah P. Shultz

temporal data. From the kinematic data, the selected consecutive strides were identified as those having low kinematic variability (defined as interstride range less than 5 degrees) ( 6 ). Visual inspection of the kinematic data divided each exercise into 4 phases: stance, early float, swing, and late

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Mohammed M. Althomali and Susan J. Leat

AFOV, will predict balance (measured with the Sit to Stand test and the One Legged Stance test), mobility (measured by the 5 Meter Walking test) and/or the fear of falling (measured with the Falls Efficacy Scale–International) in the older adult population. These balance and mobility assessment tools

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Travis J. Peterson and Jill L. McNitt-Gray

reaction force is generally maintained while increasing golf shot distance. 1 , 6 Highly skilled golf players were also found to increase stance width when hitting with the driver as a possible method to increase moment arms for the rear and target leg resultant horizontal reaction forces. Net linear

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Adam E. Jagodinsky, Christopher Wilburn, Nick Moore, John W. Fox and Wendi H. Weimar

, right preferred CAI target limb was matched with right preferred target limbs for coper and healthy groups). The preferred limb was determined by asking each participant which limb was preferred to kick a ball. For each trial, data from one complete gait cycle on the target limb (stance and swing phases) were

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Kunal Bhanot, Navpreet Kaur, Lori Thein Brody, Jennifer Bridges, David C. Berry and Joshua J. Ode

composition (%body fat) between fair to very lean, as reported in ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription • History of CAI of the stance leg (the leg participants would stand on to kick a ball) • Upper-extremity or LE injury within last 6 mo • History of upper-extremity surgery within last

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Daniel M. Grindle, Lauren Baker, Mike Furr, Tim Puterio, Brian Knarr and Jill Higginson

subject may distribute load to the workstation if he or she leans on the desk while writing or using the computer. We also expected that the participants would exhibit greater swing hip abduction; stride width; stride length; minimum toe clearance; and swing and stance ankle, hip, and knee flexion as a

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Ainaz Shamshiri, Iman Rezaei, Ehsan Sinaei, Saeed Heidari and Ali Ghanbari

, 4 The BESS was originally developed to diagnose and assess athletes with concussion syndrome and distinguish them from persons with no concussion. 5 In the BESS, postural control is measured in 3 positions (double-leg stance, tandem stance, and single-leg stance), each on both a firm and a foam

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William W.N. Tsang and Christina W.Y. Hui-Chan


To determine whether older golfers have better static and dynamic balance control than older but nongolfing healthy adults.


Eleven golfers and 12 control participants (all male; 66.2 ± 6.8 and 71.3 ± 6.6 yr old, respectively) were recruited. Duration of static single-leg stance was timed. Control of body sway was assessed in single-leg stance during forward and backward platform perturbations. The lunge distance normalized with respect to each participant’s height was used to compare the 2 groups in a forward-lunge test.


Golfers maintained significantly longer duration in static single-leg stance. They achieved less anteroposterior body sway in perturbed single-leg stance and lunged significantly farther than did control participants.


The better static and dynamic balance control exhibited by older golfers possibly reflects the effects of weight transfers from repeated golf swings during weight shift from 2-leg to predominantly 1-leg stance and from walking on uneven fairways.

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Juliana Hotta Ansai, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Paulo Giusti Rossi, Theresa Helissa Nakagawa, Francisco Assis Carvalho Vale and José Rubens Rebelatto

/abduction) during stance phase ( Muir et al., 2012 ). Statistical Analysis The sample size was calculated using the G*Power 3.1 software (Franz Faul, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany). A minimum of 108 subjects should constitute the total sample, assuming the type of study design, a type I error at 5%, statistical