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Timothy J.H. Lathlean, Paul B. Gastin, Stuart V. Newstead and Caroline F. Finch

analysis was the week of the season for each player in the study. For each observation, the binary outcome variable was defined as whether the player sustained a new injury in that week. Reflecting the binary nature of the outcome variable, a logit link function was used with a binomial error structure. A

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Claire E. Badenhorst, Katherine E. Black and Wendy J. O’Brien

increase in hepcidin levels occurring 5 hr after starvation commenced, and it was sustained for the duration of the starvation period (48 hr). This novel method of HAMP induction and subsequent burst at 5-hr poststarvation is largely the result of CREBH binding to the HAMP gene. The maintenance of

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Colleen McConnell, Alyssa McPherson and Kathleen Woolf

-heat environments, put marching artists at risk for injury ( Dick et al., 2013 ; Vepraskas, 2002 ). Considerable research has examined the prevalence of and risk factors for injuries sustained by marching artists ( Beckett et al., 2015 ; Bischof, 1994 ; Harman, 1993 ; Kilanowski, 2008 , Knapik et al., 2007

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Daria Neyroud, Jimmy Samararatne, Bengt Kayser and Nicolas Place

, if during voluntary dynamic contractions some motoneurons might discharge at a very high rate during the first 2 to 3 pulses, 15 , 16 the firing frequency rapidly declines and the concomitant application of NMES might allow motoneurons to sustain higher discharge rates. 17 As such, the application

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Ana B. Peinado, Nuria Romero-Parra, Miguel A. Rojo-Tirado, Rocío Cupeiro, Javier Butragueño, Eliane A. Castro, Francisco J. Calderón and Pedro J. Benito

influenced by several limitations such as aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance, cyclist mass, hill gradient, gear ratio, or total distance. 10 , 13 Power output and cadence during uphill segments of the Tour de France have been described. 14 During ascents, cyclists have to sustain a mean power output of

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Nick B. Murray, Tim J. Gabbett and Andrew D. Townshend

calculated based on the total number of injuries sustained, relative to the total number of players exposed to each given workload category. Injury likelihoods and risks (RR) for both the current week and subsequent week were calculated. 25 Statistical Analysis Data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 (SPSS Inc

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Bianca Miarka, Fábio Dal Bello, Ciro J. Brito, Fabrício B. Del Vecchio, John Amtmann and Karim Chamari

, early detection, early treatment of health problems), and tertiary prevention (ie, reducing complications associated with already sustained health problems). 17 A translating research into injury prevention practice framework model is looking at primary prevention. 17 In some cases, injury has occurred because

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Tiago Turnes, Rafael Penteado dos Santos, Rafael Alves de Aguiar, Thiago Loch, Leonardo Trevisol Possamai and Fabrizio Caputo

Oliveira, Bernard’Augusto Ferrazza Dias, Eduardo Gomes de Azevedo Filho, and Rudemar Brizola de Quadros. References 1. Muthalib M , Millet GY , Quaresima V , Nosaka K . Reliability of near-infrared spectroscopy for measuring biceps brachii oxygenation during sustained and repeated isometric

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Scott Cocking, Mathew G. Wilson, David Nichols, N. Timothy Cable, Daniel J. Green, Dick H. J. Thijssen and Helen Jones

ischemic conditions, 2 it remains unknown whether previously observed local IPC-induced metabolic adaptations 9 , 30 may have contributed to these findings. Nevertheless, the current data are suggestive that traditional IPC, applied locally, enhances the ability to sustain the same workload for a

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Simon A. Rogers, Chris S. Whatman, Simon N. Pearson and Andrew E. Kilding

Successful middle-distance (MD) running in distances from 800 m to 5000 m requires both rapid and economical movements. Athletes must sustain high running velocities at and above maximal aerobic speeds, 1 with sprint performance in the final lap of 1500-m races often determining medalists on the