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Timothy J.H. Lathlean, Paul B. Gastin, Stuart V. Newstead and Caroline F. Finch

analysis was the week of the season for each player in the study. For each observation, the binary outcome variable was defined as whether the player sustained a new injury in that week. Reflecting the binary nature of the outcome variable, a logit link function was used with a binomial error structure. A

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Claire E. Badenhorst, Katherine E. Black and Wendy J. O’Brien

increase in hepcidin levels occurring 5 hr after starvation commenced, and it was sustained for the duration of the starvation period (48 hr). This novel method of HAMP induction and subsequent burst at 5-hr poststarvation is largely the result of CREBH binding to the HAMP gene. The maintenance of

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Daria Neyroud, Jimmy Samararatne, Bengt Kayser and Nicolas Place

, if during voluntary dynamic contractions some motoneurons might discharge at a very high rate during the first 2 to 3 pulses, 15 , 16 the firing frequency rapidly declines and the concomitant application of NMES might allow motoneurons to sustain higher discharge rates. 17 As such, the application

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Pitre C. Bourdon, Sarah M. Woolford and Jonathan D. Buckley

. Numerous studies have suggested that there are at least 2 apparent discontinuities or thresholds in the blood lactate response to incremental exercise. 1 – 3 The first of these is associated with the initial intensity at which there is a sustained increase in blood lactate concentration ([BLa − ]) above

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Tiago Turnes, Rafael Penteado dos Santos, Rafael Alves de Aguiar, Thiago Loch, Leonardo Trevisol Possamai and Fabrizio Caputo

Oliveira, Bernard’Augusto Ferrazza Dias, Eduardo Gomes de Azevedo Filho, and Rudemar Brizola de Quadros. References 1. Muthalib M , Millet GY , Quaresima V , Nosaka K . Reliability of near-infrared spectroscopy for measuring biceps brachii oxygenation during sustained and repeated isometric

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Matthew Ellis, Mark Noon, Tony Myers and Neil Clarke

action of adenosine, which increases cell activity. 5 Direct antagonism of adenosine receptors may improve aerobic performance through enhanced excitation–contraction coupling through increased release of Ca 2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. 6 Similarly, it can reduce pain perception and sustain

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Thomas Reeve, Ralph Gordon, Paul B. Laursen, Jason K.W. Lee and Christopher J. Tyler

the present study was only 38.3°C (0.4°C). Other high-intensity STHA studies reported similar thermal impulses and also failed to achieve a sustained elevation in body core temperature ≥38.5°C resulting in minimal physiological adaptations. 9 – 11 In combination, these data suggest that short

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Bettina Karsten, Jonathan Baker, Fernando Naclerio, Andreas Klose, Antonino Bianco and Alfred Nimmerichter

Critical power (CP) is defined as the highest sustainable rate of aerobic metabolism without a continuous loss of homeostasis. 1 It separates power-output (PO) intensities, for which exercise tolerance is predictable (PO > CP), from those of longer sustainable durations (PO < CP). The second

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Nick B. Murray, Tim J. Gabbett and Andrew D. Townshend

calculated based on the total number of injuries sustained, relative to the total number of players exposed to each given workload category. Injury likelihoods and risks (RR) for both the current week and subsequent week were calculated. 25 Statistical Analysis Data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 (SPSS Inc

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Bianca Miarka, Fábio Dal Bello, Ciro J. Brito, Fabrício B. Del Vecchio, John Amtmann and Karim Chamari

, early detection, early treatment of health problems), and tertiary prevention (ie, reducing complications associated with already sustained health problems). 17 A translating research into injury prevention practice framework model is looking at primary prevention. 17 In some cases, injury has occurred because