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Rebekah Lynn, Rebekah Pfitzer, Rebecca R. Rogers, Christopher G. Ballmann, Tyler D. Williams and Mallory R. Marshall

the desired speeds was set in a metronome app (MetroTimer application on an iPhone device) for the free-living tasks. The OptoGait system has been found to be a valid and reliable measure of various gait parameters during overground ( Lienhard, Schneider, & Maffiuletti, 2013 ) and treadmill ambulation

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Natalia Romero-Franco, Juan Antonio Montaño-Munuera, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez and Pedro Jiménez-Reyes

in sport to strengthen the quadriceps muscles 18 and its importance in sports movements (ie, running or kicking a ball), it is necessary to have affordable and portable tools to evaluate knee proprioception in OKC. Thus, we aimed to analyze the validity, intertester, and intratester reliability of

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Aston K. McCullough and Carol Ewing Garber

for detecting habitual physical inactivity in young children are needed. Parental proxy reports of children’s PA are a widely available and time-efficient instrument for estimating daily PA volumes in children; however, the validity of these questionnaires in young children is limited ( Oliver

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Dawn T. Gulick

was designed to establish the reliability and validity of a new orthopedic device to measure linear translation of the tibia on the femur (ACL testing). Figure 1 —Lachman test with Mobil-Aider device. Methods The gold standard used to assess the Mobil-Aider ™ was the Zeiss Smartzoom 5 Microscope

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Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer and Daniel König

extent of BFR as well as assessing the AOP in BFR research. 17 – 21 However, there is a lack of evidence regarding the accuracy of PO in determining both lower- and upper-limb AOP for BFR protocols. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity between PO for measuring the AOP

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Eva Piatrikova, Ana C. Sousa, Javier T. Gonzalez and Sean Williams

applied in multiple sports such as cycling, 6 running, 7 rowing, 8 and team sports, 9 only 2 attempts have been made to validate the 3MT in free swimming. 10 , 11 Tsai and Thomas 10 assessed the validity of the 3MT in recreational swimmers and found that D 3 MT ′ was lower compared with D CM

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Seihati A. Shiroma, Ursula F. Julio and Emerson Franchini

frequently used to evaluate judo athletes have been conducted in laboratory settings (eg, treadmill, lower- or upper-body cycle ergometers). 2 , 5 , 11 Therefore, these tests present low ecological validity to prescribe and assess judo training-induced specific adaptations. 10 , 12 To counter this

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Vincent Shieh, Ashwini Sansare, Minal Jain, Thomas Bulea, Martina Mancini and Cris Zampieri

Clinical evaluation of balance has relied on forceplate systems as the gold standard for postural sway measures. There has been extensive research reporting the validity, reliability, and sensitivity of a number of systems, including the NeuroCom system (previously Natus, Inc., Seattle, WA) for

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Yucui Diao, Cuixiang Dong, Lisa M. Barnett, Isaac Estevan, Jing Li and Liu Ji

for a valid and reliable measure of perceived motor competence in accordance with the movement skills that children often execute in a variety of movement and physical activity environments. Thus, a pictorial instrument based on the skills in the Test of Gross Motor Development 2nd edition (TGMD-2

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Ryan M. Hulteen, Lisa M. Barnett, Philip J. Morgan, Leah E. Robinson, Christian J. Barton, Brian H. Wrotniak and David R. Lubans

participation in these activities may be important for future physical activity. Valid and reliable assessments of motor competence are essential for understanding motor skill development across time. While there are numerous skill batteries available for assessing motor competence in youth populations, the