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Aaron England, Timothy Brusseau, Ryan Burns, Dirk Koester, Maria Newton, Matthew Thiese and Benjamin Chase

kinesthesia and the use of MRs of intentional movements in children and concluded that the development of kinesthetic perception takes many years to fully mature and is thought to end around late adolescence. Using a virtual radial Fitts task, Caeyenberghs et al. ( 2009 ) reported rapid growth in the

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Fawaz A. Alwadani, Huaqing Liang and Alexander S. Aruin

; Pijnappels, Delbaere, Sturnieks, & Lord, 2010 ). Although our study allowed obtaining data related to standing on inclined surfaces, it did not involve high heights. Future studies using the virtual reality paradigm, that simulate an actual work condition, could be beneficial to analyzing the risk associated

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Bettina Karsten, Jonathan Baker, Fernando Naclerio, Andreas Klose, Antonino Bianco and Alfred Nimmerichter

pedal force at the start of each TT. To replicate real-world TT cycling, participants consequently used a self-pacing strategy where gearing was adjusted throughout efforts using the virtual gear changer mounted to the handlebars. Feedback over elapsed time and strong encouragement were provided

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Jared R. Fletcher and Brian R. MacIntosh

method is based on the principle of virtual work, 2 which assumes that a constant force is applied to the tendon. A constant force will allow a constant tendon length, so the measured tendon excursion represents a true displacement. In vivo, it is assumed that when no external moment acts on the joint

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Logan A. Lucas, Benjamin S. England, Travis W. Mason, Christopher R. Lanning, Taylor M. Miller, Alexander M. Morgan and Thomas Gus Almonroeder

ecological validity (eg, athletes react to a virtual defender). 32 , 33 It is also important to note that our results may not generalize to more experienced athletes with greater expertise, as elite athletes may be better equipped to control their movement when there are temporal constraints on decision

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Jonathan D. Connor, Robert G. Crowther and Wade H. Sinclair

global body displacement of a rugby player . The International Journal of Virtual Reality, 8 ( 4 ), 31 – 36 . Brault , S. , Bideau , B. , Kulpa , R. , & Craig , C.M. ( 2012 ). Detecting deceptive movement: The case of the side-step in rugby . PLoS ONE, 7 ( 6 ), 37494 . doi:10

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, memory, and prediction. I will discuss these factors in the context of walking and interception tasks in both real and virtual environments. Keynote Speakers Keynote Speaker: Motor Development Infants’ actions broaden their mind Gustaf Gredebäck, University of Uppsala, Sweden Three suggestions are

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Lana M. Pfaff and Michael E. Cinelli

. Participants were outfitted with two rear-facing rigid bodies (one on the head and one on the right scapula), which were used as references for five digitized virtual markers (left and right ears, left and right glenohumeral joints, and the 10th thoracic vertebrae). The digitized points were used to calculate

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Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Edited by Kim Gammage

models, based on mathematically specified “rules” about how members interact, that represent human behavior in groups. These models allow researchers to conduct virtual experiments that test theoretical propositions that attempt to predict future member behavior. These predictions can be further