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Bradley D. Hatfield

The relevance of kinesiology to the major issues of public health facing the nation is increasing with time. Of great importance is the area of exercise neuroscience in which remarkable developments have occurred in the past 35 years. The primary investigative efforts to date have been devoted to the impact of exercise on normal brain aging and recent efforts have also focused on the neurocognitive benefit to brain development in children. However, little work has been conducted in those with neurological disorders. The literature includes a number of animal studies that offer biological plausibility for the positive influence of exercise observed on brain structure and cognition in normal human subjects and, collectively, these studies provide a foundation on which to examine the role of exercise treatment in some of the major brain disorders that afflict adults and children today. These include the dementias, stroke, traumatic brain disorder (TBI), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and attentional deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A role for exercise in building resilience to such disorders is discussed here that may assist in reducing the financial and emotional burden of these affictions.

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Tracey Covassin, Kyle M. Petit and Morgan Anderson

of SRC should include an interview that investigates preexisting conditions such as migraine history, SRC history, learning disabilities, attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), and signs and symptoms. As previously noted, signs and symptoms can present in clusters such as somatic, cognitive

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Chih-Yen Chang and Tsung-Min Hung

cerebral EEG rhythms . Journal of Physiology, 586 ( 1 ), 131 – 139 . PubMed ID: 17947315 doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2007.141630 Bakhshayesh , A.R. , Hänsch , S. , Wyschkon , A. , Rezai , M.J. , & Esser , G. ( 2011 ). Neurofeedback in ADHD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial . European

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Cheryl M. Glazebrook

.C. , Shadmehr , R. , & Mostofsky , S.H. ( 2012 ). Motor learning relies on integrated sensory inputs in ADHD, but over-selectively on proprioception in autism spectrum conditions . Autism Research, 5 ( 2 ), 124 – 136 . PubMed doi:10.1002/aur.1222 10.1002/aur.1222 Karagianis , L. ( 2014 ). The

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David I. Anderson

cognitive and socioemotional disorders like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder, Pangelinan et al. ( 2011 ) took a different approach to studying brain–behavior relations. These authors examined the relations between brain volume and cognitive and motor performance