Our purpose was to describe heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and perceived exertion (RPE) responses to submaximal isokinetic concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) exercise at the same absolute torque output in older adults. Peak torques for ECC and CON knee extension were determined in healthy older males (n = 13) and females (n = 7). Subjects then performed separate, randomly ordered, 2-min bouts of CON and ECC exercise. Heart rate and MAP increased (p < .001) from resting values throughout both exercise bouts. CON exercise elicited a significantly greater cardiovascular response than ECC exercise after 60 s. Peak HR, MAP, and RPE after CON exercise were greater than after ECC exercise (p < .01). At the same absolute torque output, isokinetic CON knee extension exercise resulted in a significantly greater level of cardiovascular stress than ECC exercise. These results are relevant to resistance testing and exercise in older people.
Elizabeth Thompson, Theo H. Versteegh, Tom J. Overend, Trevor B. Birmingham and Anthony A. Vandervoort
Gina M. McCaskill, Olivio J. Clay, Peng Li, Richard E. Kennedy, Kathryn L. Burgio and Cynthia J. Brown
Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging (SOA). Furthermore, we examined the data for racial differences on all-cause mortality. Methods Study Design and Participants The UAB SOA was a longitudinal 8.5 years investigation that examined racial differences in mobility in a sample of Black and White community
Mark W. Swanson, Eric Bodner, Patricia Sawyer and Richard M. Allman
Little is known about the effect of reduced vision on physical activity in older adults. This study evaluates the association of visual acuity level, self-reported vision, and ocular disease conditions with leisure-time physical activity and calculated caloric expenditure. A cross-sectional study of 911 subjects 65 yr and older from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging (SOA) cohort was conducted evaluating the association of vision-related variables to weekly kilocalorie expenditure calculated from the 17-item Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire. Ordinal logistic regression was used to evaluate possible associations while controlling for potential confounders. In multivariate analyses, each lower step in visual acuity below 20/50 was significantly associated with reduced odds of having a higher level of physical activity, OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.67, 0.97. Reduced visual acuity appears to be independently associated with lower levels of physical activity among community-dwelling adults.
Jon Michael Mills and George L. Daniels
The amount of time dedicated to sports coverage in local news has decreased substantially in recent years. In fact, some networks have eliminated traditional sports segments or outsourced them to national organizations. The now defunct Sinclair Broadcast Group’s SportsCentral represented a cost-efficient way to produce local sports segments in multiple media markets, and this study sought to understand how SportsCentral broadcasts compared with traditional broadcasts in 3 markets. An analysis of SportsCentral segments over a 17-month period in the Birmingham, AL; Oklahoma City; and Tampa–St. Petersburg markets showed that traditional sportscasts provided more local sports coverage than shows airing SportsCentral. While relying more heavily on satellite-generated content, sportscasts using SportsCentral had a wider variety of stories and aired more sports feature stories and franchises than the traditional sportscast. However, local newscasts found ways to integrate sports coverage into the news broadcast to cover late-breaking or important local stories.
Kerry E. Costello, Janie L. Astephen Wilson and Cheryl L. Hubley-Kozey
values ( Matthews, Hagstromer, Pober, & Bowles, 2012 ). In any given week, however, multiple factors can influence PA levels or act as barriers to PA, such as weather ( Feinglass et al., 2011 ; Robbins, Jones, Birmingham, & Maly, 2013 ), knee OA pain ( Robbins et al., 2011 ), or acute illness ( Toscos
Liezel Hurter, Anna M. Cooper-Ryan, Zoe R. Knowles, Lorna A. Porcellato, Stuart J. Fairclough and Lynne M. Boddy
electronic scale (Seca, Birmingham, UK). Stature and sitting height were measured to the nearest 0.1 cm using a stadiometer (Leicester Height measure; Seca, Birmingham, UK). Waist circumference was measured at the midpoint between the bottom rib and the iliac crest, to the nearest 0.1 cm using a plastic non
Ali Al-Yaaribi, Maria Kavussanu and Christopher Ring
internal consistency and factorial validity of the teammate behavior subscales (e.g., Al-Yaaribi et al., 2016 ). Procedure On receiving ethical approval from the University of Birmingham’s ethics committee, participants were recruited via e-mails, posters, and flyers. They were tested individually. In
Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Adriana Pérez, David R. Jacobs Jr, Joowon Lee, Harold W. Kohl III and Barbara Sternfeld
examination in 1985–1986. Participants were recruited from 4 geographical locations (Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; and Oakland, CA). Community-based sampling was performed in Birmingham, Chicago, and Minneapolis, while in Oakland, participants were sampled from the membership of a large
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood and Janice L. Thompson
second phase employed semi-structured interviews to further explore key factors influencing PA behaviors and participant’s views on the link between PA and frailty. The ethical review committee of the University of Birmingham granted approval for the study (reference no. ERN_13-0557). Written informed
Ellen Freiberger, Elisabeth Rydwik, Astrid Chorus, Erwin Tak, Christophe Delecluse, Federico Schena, Nina Waaler, Bob Laventure and Nico van Meeteren
Meeteren, EUNAAPA steering group • Anna Phillips, Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham • Elisabeth Preller, Health Enhancing Physical Activity-Europa, Active Aging Workgroup (HEPA Europe) • Mimi Rodriguez Adami, Active Aging in International Sport and Culture Association