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Lyutha K. Al Subhi, Shekar Bose and Maraim F. Al Ani


A cross-country profile of physical activity and sedentary behavior is lacking within Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) counties. The objectives were to examine prevalence of physical activity and sedentary behavior among adolescents of 10 EMR countries, and to describe potential differences in the 2 factors by sex, age, and BMI.


A total of 23,562 adolescents were included from 10 EMR counties based on completeness of data (physical activity, sedentary behavior, age, sex, weight and height) from the Global school-based student health survey (GSHS).


Overall prevalence of physical activity (19%) is low and sedentary behavior is high (29%), with significant differences among counties. Oman had the highest (26%) and Egypt had the lowest (9%) prevalence of active students. Prevalence of sedentary behavior was the highest in United Arab Emirates (40%) and lowest in Pakistan (8%). Physical activity was lower and sedentary behavior was higher among female adolescents. A linear trend was observed between BMI and both physical activity and sedentary behavior; a similar pattern was seen with age.


There is a need for interventions to increase the prevalence of adolescents meeting physical activity recommendations in the 10 countries. More investigation is required to understand the cultural context of sex and BMI influence on activity patterns.

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Robert Vallandingham, Zachary Winkelmann, Lindsey Eberman and Kenneth Games

) through the evaluation of medical documentation for acute LAS over a 2-year period. Methods Participants The Indiana State University institutional review board deemed this study as exempt. This retrospective study included a cohort of electronic medical records (EMR) using a commercially available

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Terry L. Rizzo and Don R. Kirkendall

This study assessed the association between demographic attributes (gender, age, year in school, experience with students with disabilities, perceived competence in teaching students with disabilities, and academic preparation regarding individuals with disabilities) of undergraduate physical education majors and their attitudes toward teaching students labeled educable mentally retarded (EMR), learning disabled (LD), and behaviorally disordered (BD). Future physical educators (n = 226) were asked to complete the Physical Educators’ Attitudes Toward Teaching the Handicapped questionnaire, and 174 (77%) agreed. Data were collected on the first day of classes of a 16-week semester. Results from forward stepwise multiple-regression procedures showed that perceived competence and academic preparation regarding individuals with disabilities were the best predictors of favorable attitudes in general, and for EMR and LD. Results also showed that for BD, age and year in school were the best predictors of favorable attitudes. Thus, attitudes vary as a function of disabling conditions. The results provide evidence that there is a need to promote positive attitudes toward teaching individuals with disabilities.

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Kenneth H. Pitetti, Bo Fernhall, Nancy Stubbs and Louis V. Stadler Jr.

The purpose of this study was to determine if a step test could be feasible, reliable, and valid for youths with educable (EMR) or trainable (TMR) mental retardation. Thirteen males and 11 females (age M = 14.7 ± 2.7 yr) with EMR or TMR participated in this study. Three step tests were employed using one platform height and stepping frequencies of 13, 15, and 17 ascents/min for 3 min. Recovery HR was used to estimate VO2peak. Though significant, correlations between the recovery HR and VO2peak for the 15 (r = −0.48) and 17 (r = −0.46) ascents/min were not high enough to be considered valid indicators of VO2peak. The large standard errors of the estimate and total errors suggested systematic errors of prediction. Furthermore, the measured VO2peak was significantly different from the estimated values at all step rates (p < .05). The step-test was relatively feasible, but was not a valid test of VO2peak in this population.

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David R. Bassett, Patty S. Freedson and Dinesh John

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and can transfer data directly into the electronic medical record (EMR). However, it is unclear at this point whether clinicians want all the information available from activity trackers. The physical activity research community is inclined

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Nicole J. Chimera, Monica R. Lininger and Meghan Warren

practice and competitions and availability of electronic medical records (EMR). The reporting, and subsequent care, of injuries is the responsibility of the athlete in recreational sports, and may be impacted by insurance availability and self-determination that an injury requires healthcare attention. 5

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Krista Van Slingerland, Natalie Durand-Bush, Poppy DesClouds and Göran Kenttä

hallmarks of the fragmented Canadian health care system ( Gervais, n.d. ). Through the use of a shared system of electronic medical records (EMR; note: there is no pan-Canadian EMR system—each medical practice keeps its own patient records and there is no continuity across providers, even within the same

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Terri Graham-Paulson, Claudio Perret and Victoria Goosey-Tolfrey

. Sports Medicine, 34 ( 11 ), 727 – 751 . PubMed doi:10.2165/00007256-200434110-00003 10.2165/00007256-200434110-00003 Kovacs , E.M.R. , Stegen , J.H.C.H. , & Brouns , F. ( 1998 ). Effect of caffeinated drinks on substrate metabolism, caffeine excretion, and performance . Journal of Applied

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Chadwick Debison-Larabie, Bernadette A. Murphy and Michael W.R. Holmes

real-life situations. The load was magnetized by an electromagnet (EM-R175; Jobmaster Magnets, Oakville, Canada) and attached to a wire that wrapped around a height-adjustable pulley system attached perpendicular to the participants’ head (Figure  1 ). A load cell (MB-100; Interface, Scottsdale, AZ

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Chad Seifried, Brian Soebbing and Kwame J.A. Agyemang

, 679 – 690 . doi:10.1177/014920630102700605 10.1177/014920630102700605 Hennart , J.F. , & Zeng , M. ( 2005 ). Structural determinants of joint venture performance . European Management Review, 2 , 105 – 115 . doi:10.1057/palgrave.emr.1500034 10.1057/palgrave.emr.1500034 Hochberg , P