This study examined whether feedback or feedback plus physical activity information could increase the number of pedometer steps taken during 1 school week. One hundred seventy-seven students (mean age 9.124 ± 1.11 years) in three elementary schools participated. Schools were randomly assigned to control (CON), feedback (FB), or feedback plus information (FB+I) groups. Children wore pedometers during school time for 5 consecutive weekdays. The total steps of the groups were recorded at the end of each school day, with students in the FB and FB+I groups free to view their step counts. In addition, the FB+I group received information and ideas about how they could increase their daily steps. The CON group received no step-count feedback or information. Students in the FB+I group achieved significantly more steps per minute (17.17 ± 4.87) than those in the FB (13.77 ± 4.06, p = 0.003) and CON (12.41 ± 3.12, p = 0.0001) groups. Information, as well as step-count feedback, increased elementary students’ school-based physical activity (number of steps) in the short term. A longer intervention period is necessary to assess the sustained impact of this type of approach.
Zoe Butcher, Stuart Fairclough, Gareth Stratton and David Richardson
Margaret P. Sanders and Nicholas P. Murray
. ( 2013 ). National press release: FBI releases 2012 crime statistics . Retrieved from http://www.fbi.gov/news/pressrel/press-releases/fbi-releases-2012-crime-statistics Gabbett , T. , & Masters , R. ( 2011 ). Challenges and solutions when applying implicit motor learning theory in a high
Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett
to athletes about victimization, it is critical to include that false reports of sexual assault occur, according to FBI statistics, at the same rate as any other crime (2-5%; Lisak, Gardinier, Nicksa, & Cote, 2010 ), which is very rare. It is far more likely that a victim will not come forward than