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K. Andrew R. Richards, Colin G. Pennington and Oleg A. Sinelnikov

). In kinesiology, however, the only subdisciplinary field that has dedicated attention to the recruitment, education, and ongoing socialization of new members is that of physical education (PE; Richards, Templin, & Graber, 2014 ). Grounded in occupational socialization theory (OST), the study of

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David F. Vanata and Beth J. Patton

Although opportunities for female adolescents to participate in organized sports and physical activities are readily available, currently observed trends among female adolescents indicate nationwide decreases in physical fitness and involvement in physical education (PE) classes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of an alternative strength-conditioning PE pilot program among non-active middle-school-aged girls who were not involved in sports. The alternative strength-training PE program met twice weekly for eight-weeks and incorporated exercises using free-weights, exercise balls, resistance bands, and fitness steps. Students participating in this program tailored their workouts to meet their individual interests. Results indicated that girls involved in the alternative program significantly improved from their baseline means scores for cardiovascular and strength measurements. No significant differences in fitness assessments were observed pre/post among the girls involved in traditional PE classes. The present study demonstrates that alternative strength-training PE classes can be effective in improving fitness levels among non-active middle-school-aged female students who are not involved in sports.

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Haichun Sun and Tan Zhang

’ perceptions of and responses to a variety of concept-based curricula. These intervention studies focused on the efficacy of concept-based approaches to physical education curricula, including the Movement Education curriculum; the Sport for Peace curriculum; the Science, PE and Me! curriculum; and the

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James D. Wyant and Kristi N. Wyant

In recent years, the physical education (PE) profession has been forced to confront a plethora of issues, from the demise of teacher education programs to the loss of programming in the K–12 context. Calls for change and a time of introspection have been prompted by this climate. The impetus for change has long been a staple of PE discourse. Occupational socialization theory, which describes the forces that shape the decisions and behaviors of physical education teachers, offers insight on the change narrative. Emerging from the results of occupational socialization research are myriad negative issues that highlight a perplexing problem—some PE teachers have the propensity to make irrational decisions. The purpose of this article is to apply decision theory as a means to critically examine issues that have emerged from the negative socialization cycle of PE teachers. Beyond connecting theories, suggestions will be provided to improve the decision-making of PE professionals.

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Manal Hamzeh

, trainers, gym owners, PE teachers and those working in the fields of health, feminist, gender and sexuality studies, sociology, educational studies, social justice studies, and many other inter-related disciplinary studies and professions. References Hamzeh , M. ( 2012 ). Pedagogies of deveiling: muslim

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Orlagh Farmer, Donna Duffy, Kevin Cahill, Diarmuid Lester, Sarahjane Belton and Wesley O’Brien

standardize procedures and for quality assurance. In terms of the research rigor associated with school-based measurements, the leading investigators for the G4G study are qualified postprimary specialist physical education (PE) teachers, as recognized by the Teaching Council of Ireland. The baseline data

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Ryan Adams

” games; lack of PE in schools; and the slow tendency for both Nationalist and Unionist schools to introduce soccer as having a detrimental effect on the development of the game in Ireland. Curran suggests that these factors stunted football’s growth and prevented its professionalization, and in the

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physical education (PE). Study one explored girls’ perceptions of participation in PE. Informed by study one, study two explored boys’ perceptions of girls’ participation in PE. Both studies utilized a qualitative design; participants were recruited using purposive sampling. Study one participants (female

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Jaana Parviainen

, 2014 ; Evans, Davies, & Rich, 2009 ; Shilling, 2010 ), the field of elite sports ( Breivik, 2014 ), coaching children and young people ( Andersson & Östman, 2015 ), the education of physical education (PE) teachers ( Kårhus, 2010 ; Nyberg & Larsson, 2017 ), adult recreation ( Brown & Penney, 2013

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Kari Roethlisberger, Vista Beasley, Jeffrey Martin, Brigid Byrd, Krista Munroe-Chandler and Irene Muir

.J. , & Scanlan , T.K. ( 1998 ). Changes over time in the determinants of sport commitment . Pediatric Exercise Science, 10 , 356 – 365 . doi: 10.1123/pes.10.4.356 Chalabaev , A. , Sarrazin , P. , Fontayne , P. , Boiché , J. , & Clément-Guillotin , C. ( 2013 ). The influence of sex stereotypes