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Wayne W. Munson, Stanley B. Baker and Herberta M. Lundegren

A systematic strength training and structured leisure counseling program was investigated to determine the effects on self-esteem, leisure attitudes, leisure behaviors, and muscular fitness of institutionalized juvenile delinquents. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: strength training and leisure counseling (STLC), strength training and informal discussion (STD), or a no-treatment control group (NT). The experimental groups met 3 times a week, 90 minutes per session for 7 weeks. A multivariate analysis of variance revealed that there were no significant differences among the three groups on measures of self-esteem, leisure attitudes, or leisure behaviors. Analysis of variance with repeated measures indicated that there were no significant differences between the STLC and STD groups on muscular fitness, although both had significant pre- to posttest gains. The STLC and STD groups rated their treatments high on an attitude toward treatment measure, but neither group was significantly more positive about it than the other.

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Jung-Hoon Choi, Heon-Seock Cynn, Chung-Hwi Yi, Tae-Lim Yoon and Seung-Min Baik

without IHA in a sitting and standing position. (A) SF-SIT, (B) SF-STD, (C) SFIHA-SIT, (D) SFIHA-STD. IHA indicates isometric hip abduction; SF-SIT, SFE without IHA in a sitting position; SF-STD, SFE without IHA in a standing position; SFE, short-foot exercise; SFIHA-SIT, SFE with IHA in a sitting

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Jacqueline Phillips, Kelly Cheever, Jamie McKeon and Ryan Tierney

Difference Std. Error p Lower Upper Upper lip   Nose tip 1.55 .400 .006* .371 2.729   Nose bridge .225 .383 1.000 −.901 1.351   Fingertip 3.225 .656 .001* 1.293 5.157 Nose tip   Upper lip −1.55 .400 .006* −2.72 −.371   Nose bridge −1.325 .546 .152 −2.93 .281   Fingertip 1.675 .463 .011* .313 3.037 Nose

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Stephanie Di Lemme, Jon Sanderson, Richard G. Celebrini and Geoffrey C. Dover

-intensity pulsed ultrasound 6 Blood flow restriction BFR at rest 4 × 5 mins:5 mins 3 BFR ANK pf/df 1 × 30 3 × 15 1 BFR HIP abd skating 1 × 30 3 × 15 2 BFR std HIP abd 1 × 30 3 × 15 2 BFR HIP abd skating 1 × 30 3 × 15 1 BFR std H/S curl 1 × 30 3 × 15 2 BFR std H/S curl 1 × 30 3 × 15 2 BFR KN ext 1 × 30 3 × 15 2.5 2

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Noah X. Tocci, David R. Howell, Dai Sugimoto, Corey Dawkins, Amy Whited and Donald Bae

-up regression model. Table 2 Multiple linear regression model for elbow torque during fastball pitching Variable β Std. Error 95% CI for β p Value Lower Bound Upper Bound Ball velocity 0.052 0.016 0.044 0.187 .002* Stride length 0

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Kate N. Jochimsen, Carl G. Mattacola, Brian Noehren, Kelsey J. Picha, Stephen T. Duncan and Cale A. Jacobs

board-certified orthopedic surgeon (S.T.D.). Intraobserver variability was established using 15 sets of hip radiographs unrelated to this study. The author (K.N.J.) measured LCEAs and alpha angles on all 15 sets of radiographs at 2 different time points prior to the start of the study. Intraclass

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Jeffrey G. Williams, Lauryn Darnall and Conrad Schumann

and Glenohumeral Rotation Ranges of Motion Condition N Minimum (°) Maximum (°) Mean (°) Std. Deviation TLR throwing 39 19.00 46.00 34.36 6.57 TLR nonthrowing 39 24.00 49.00 36.56 5.53 GIR 39 40.20 95.50 67.76 12.42 GER 39 86.20 130.50 110.69 11.34 HA 39 −2.40 13.80 6.97 3.89 Abbreviations: HA

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John Strickland and Grant Bevill

, Niederer PF , Muser MH , et al . Trauma Biomechanics . 2nd ed . Berlin : Springer ; 2007 . 24. National Aeronautics and Space Administration . Man-Systems Integration Standards (NASA STD-3000): anthropometry and biomechanics . https://msis.jsc.nasa.gov/sections/section03.htm . Accessed

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Anne-Marie Heugas and Isabelle A. Siegler

running. The race walkers’ PTS (±STD) values recorded in the first and the second transition tests were 10.27 ± 1.31 and 10.43 ± 1.70 km/hr, respectively, with no significant difference between these values ( p  > .05). For the nonrace walkers, the corresponding values were 7.33 ± 0.78 and 7.07 ± 0.69 km