The past 15 years have seen the acceleration of two trends of great interest in the sociology of sport: the rapid growth and adoption of digital (sport) media ( Hutchins & Rowe, 2012 ) and, since Burawoy’s ( 2004 , 2005 ) influential calls for public sociology, a growing interest in public
Mark Norman, Katelyn Esmonde and Courtney Szto
The recent construction of a so-called “obesity epidemic” has been fueled by epidemiologically-based studies recuperated by the media and suggestions of the rapid acceleration of obesity rates in the Western world. Studies linking obesity to ill-health have also exploded and greatly impacted our “physical” culture. In this article, I present a series of postcards to summarize the dominant obesity discourse and document the rhetorical terrain of the impending epidemic. I also offer counter-postcards to dispute the postcards’ objective postulations and contextualize the birth of what I call the “Obesity Clinic.” I then characterize this polymorphous clinic as an apparatus of capture sustained by biomedicalization, bioeconomics, and biocultural discourses and speak to its regulation and abjection of unruly (fat) bodies. I conclude with a few reflections about the territorializing nature of the Obesity Clinic as well as what it means for individuals and, more generally, for physical culture and its study.
Morphological parameters (stature, weight, segment lengths, diameters, circumferences, body composition), functional characteristics (work capacity, respiratory performance, static strength of hand) and aspects of health- and skill-related fitness (explosive strength, speed, anaerobic and aerobic endurance, agility) of 141 well-trained young female field hockey players (10 to 18 y) were examined and analyzed. The main purpose of the investigation was to study growth trends of these parameters of female field hockey players and to analyze the character and feature of their development.
Standard anthropometric measurements were used for evaluation of morphological characteristics. Matiegka’s equations were used for computation of body composition’s parameters. Modification of the Harvard step test was used for estimation of physical capacity. Respiratory performance was evaluated using vitalograph. Static strength of the hands was obtained using a handgrip. Characteristics of health- and skill-related fitness were evaluated using the following test battery: standing broad jump, 30 m dash run, flying 30 m test, 210 yards shuttle run, 2000 m run, push-ups and 20 m zig-zag run.
Results of the study were as follows: the functional characteristics have the greatest total increase (about 108-144 %) during the age span considered (from 10 to 18 years). Stature and other length parameters increased about 18-20 %. The periods of the acceleration of increases in morphological parameters precede the periods of the sizable increases in functional parameters. Based upon the analysis of aspects of health- and skill-related fitness of players training and practicing in hockey has a beneficial effect on this group of characteristics. Based on the results of the study, the optimum periods for speed, strength and endurance training of female hockey players are exposed.
contexts. How matter operates as mass in gravitational force fields, is contingent on the muscles that move the bones in different planes, the type of muscle work required in each movement to react to gravity, as well as the main principles of inertia, speed, acceleration, force, work, or power. An
Alexander J. Bedard, Kevin A. Bigelman, Lynn R. Fielitz, Jeffrey D. Coelho, William B. Kobbe, Renard O. Barone, Nicholas H. Gist and John E. Palmer
compete in boxing, whereas the body of students taking a physical education class at a university constitute a much different population. There are two main considerations governing the selection of boxing gloves for training. First, a heavier boxing glove decreases punch acceleration and reduces the peak
, and technology. Bodies, practices, and knowledge production . New York, NY : Springer . Summers-Bremner , E. ( 2008 ). Insomnia: A cultural history . London, UK : Reaktion Books . Wajcman , J. ( 2015 ). Pressed for time: The acceleration of life in digital capitalism . Chicago, IL
Shawn Forde and Brian Wilson
. doi:10.1123/ijsc.2.3.319 10.1123/ijsc.2.3.319 Harvey , J. , Horne , J. , Safai , P. , Darnell , S. , & Courchesne-O’Neill , S. ( 2013 ). Sport and social movements: from the local to the global . New York, NY : Bloomsbury . Hutchins , B. ( 2011 ). The acceleration of media culture
% reduction in nipple acceleration during walking, when compared to their natural counterparts. During running, the B-Lite ® subglandular participant displayed decreased nipple kinematics, compared to their natural counterpart, and lower nipple kinematics compared to the B-Lite ® submuscular participant
Howard N. Zelaznik
variability that results. Theoretically, these timing constraints are thought to require an individual to control a movement with a single positive acceleration profile followed by a single negative acceleration profile. On the other hand, because the Fitts task is spatially constrained, the negative
John H. Challis
motion, but this is achieved by angular motion of the limbs about the joints. These motions of the limbs require angular acceleration. An object’s resistance to angular acceleration is a function of the object’s moment of inertia ( I ). The object’s moment of inertia is a function of the object’s mass