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Kenneth E. Powell and Steven N. Blair

Nearly 25 years ago, Jeremy Morris ( 1994 ) declared physical activity to be the “best buy in public health.” Morris, the epidemiologist credited with publishing the first modern scientific evidence of the cardiovascular health benefits of physical activity ( Morris, Heady, Raffle, Roberts, & Parks

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Karin A. Pfeiffer and Michael J. Wierenga

Physical inactivity is a recognized independent risk factor for mortality and chronic morbidity in adults ( Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, 2018 ). Specific to the U.S. context, physical inactivity is estimated on average to cause 11% of premature mortality and 7% of disease burden

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Thomas L. McKenzie

The importance of physical activity to the growth and development of children and adolescents is clear ( 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee ), and schools have been identified as key venues to increase physical activity in both global ( World Health Organization, 2018 ) and U

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Chris Knoester and Theo Randolph

Research on the benefits of father involvement in children’s lives has become common ( Lamb & Lewis, 2010 ; Sarkadi et al., 2008 ). Similarly, a great deal of work has been done on the implications of sports and other physical activities for health outcomes ( Kahan & McKenzie, 2015 ; Project Play

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Buffie Longmire-Avital, Takudzwa Madzima and Elyse Bierut

-intensity physical activity or 75 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity each week. One of the most important benefits of physical activity and exercise is decreased morbidity and mortality ( Brown, Burton, & Rowan, 2007 ; Kokkinos & Myers, 2010 ). Not only does physical activity help to prevent diseases such

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Catrine Tudor-Locke and Elroy J. Aguiar

Ambulation (stepping) is an essential component of many activities of daily living (e.g., household chores, active transport), with walking being the most commonly reported physical activity choice across the globe ( Hulteen et al., 2017 ). As such, step counting has become a standard measurement

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David R. Bassett, Patty S. Freedson and Dinesh John

Wearable activity trackers, devices that measure physical activity under free-living conditions, are part of a rapidly growing trend in medicine. In 2016, Fitbit Inc. was reported to have a 79% market share in wearable activity trackers ( The NPD Group, 2016 ) and shipped 22.5 million units

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Alan L. Smith

Defined as any bodily movement generated by skeletal muscles that produces energy expenditure ( Caspersen, Powell, & Christenson, 1985 ), physical activity is inherently constrained to the individual mover. Yet, physical activity is a behavior that is socially and culturally embedded. Full

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Jafrā D. Thomas and Bradley J. Cardinal

Written physical activity resources enhance the effectiveness of health behavior interventions when they are readable ( Marcus et al., 1998 ; Marshall, 2004 ; Register-Mihalik et al., 2013 ; Vallance, Courneya, Plotnikoff, Yasui, & Mackey, 2007 ; Wise et al., 2009 ). Readability refers to the

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Kendra R. Todd and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

The rationale for the intervention is flawed (i.e., to decrease sedentary behavior in people with spinal cord injury). A person with SCI, by definition, will always be sedentary. — Anonymous journal reviewer People living with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at the lowest end of the physical-activity