( Theodorakis et al., 2008 ). However, research that explores the effects of self-talk on effort, confidence, focus, and performance in adventure-sport contexts with high risk, such as self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving, is lacking. High-risk contexts such as those experienced in the
Judy L. Van Raalte, Lorraine Wilson, Allen Cornelius and Britton W. Brewer
Doug Cooper and Justine Allen
, mountaineering, mountain biking, climbing). Although not all adventure sport participants receive coaching, coaches play a critical role in assisting participants to learn to undertake the activities ( Collins & Collins, 2012 ), and therefore, they support entry to and maintenance of participation in adventure
Ross Lorimer and David Holland-Smith
The purpose of this study was to examine the influences that led an individual to becoming and remaining an outdoor adventure sport coach. A case study of a single high level climbing/kayaking coach is presented using inductive thematic analysis to explore his perception of the factors that have influenced him before and during his career. This approach provides a unique insight into the social influences on coaches and how they inform coaches’ personal values. The study revealed a pattern of formative experiences acting on the participant throughout his life and career. Early experiences, exposure to the sport, and contact with significant others have influenced his decision to participate in outdoor adventure sports and allow him to derive satisfaction from passing his knowledge onto others. The value of this single coach’s personal experiences of sport is discussed in relation to the insight they provide into why coaches enter and stay in coaching careers.